Renaissance music

as Renaissance music one designates the music of the modern times beginning, thus the period 15. and 16. Century. Philosophical basis of the age is the human and a back meditation on the antique one.

Table of contents

characteristics and forms

Missa Papae Marcelli, Palestrina

although no notes from the antique one being delivered could, the conception of the world with humans in the center settles also in the music: High gap sounds of the Middle Ages became against thatFull sound replaced, the quinten and Quartenharmonik yields thirds and sixths. The development of the triad harmony prepares, by instead of the before times usual sequential voice-in-corrode the lines were together begun now. Complicated forms of the Isorhythmie are given up in favor of simple forms. Zahlenmystik and Netherlands of canon are Aftereffects of the lategothical time.

In the Florentiner Camerata Monodie was developed; the consequence was dressed European-wide turning toward a music, the for the first time human Affekte, into musical figures, when had central contents.

The musical sentence set of the Fauxbourdon becomes a further characteristic forthe Renaissance music. It secured the comprehensibility of the texts and was easily comprehensible.

The subjective expression of a composition received substantially larger clearance than in the Middle Ages. With the beginning of the affect teachings the composition “was continued to humanize”. In individual compositions a secret clay/tone symbolism spreads, which oneto know had, in order to notice it as listeners.Josquin uses in the Credo of a fair at the passage in the text tertia (on the third day) as well as with a mention of the Dreifaltigkeit Triolen.

In the epoch of the Renaissance the organization of the voices into Sopran , alto , is tenor and bass finally. With the caused bass voice in the choir set the sound ideal changed itself, and the vierstimmige choir set became standard.


German-speaking representatives of the Mehrstimmigkeit were Ludwig Senfl and Hans Leo Hassler; large admittingness reached Orlando di Lasso. Around this timedeveloped also the Madrigal, the most important form of the lay music in the Renaissance.

Since center 16. Century were there in Italy different musical centers, which worked schools in the form of artist circles existing partly for a long time or „“, like the Roman school around Giovanni Pierluigithere Palestrina, the Veneziani school experimenting with tone qualities and spatial effects and the Florentiner Camerata.

instrument valley music

in the center of the Renaissance music stands the mehrstimmige (polyp-hone) vowel music, the instrument valley music with Conrad Paumanns Fundamentum organisandi of 1452 is introduced.

The sound player, Caravaggio

in the church music begins to seize the organ slowly foot. Organ books with notes and text books developed. A specific organ notation, Tabulatur mentioned, developed itself in different countries with specific regional differences. The old and the new German Orgeltabulatur, Spanish, Italian, English and French Tabulaturformendeveloped. The supremacy transfers to 16. Century Italy. At San Marco in Venice new organ forms were introduced and spread from there out: Toccata, Präludium and Präambulum, Ricercar as forerunners of the later joint, Fantasie and Canzona entered repertoire of the organ players.

The most common house instrument of the time is the sounds, for which its own grasp writing was developed, which likewise received its own Tabulatur. Solisti singing and pieces of ensemble were accompanied with it, equally vowel works for sounds could be rewritten.

Intending for the Renaissance is also the inventionthe Notendrucks by Ottaviano dei Petrucci.

Dance books of Pierre Attaingnant, Jacques modern trend, Pierre Phalèse and Tielmann Susato developed.


the Renaissance one replaces by the epoch of the baroque, which proceeds from Italy around 1600 (see baroque music). The change of style extremelyitself most obviously in the introduction of Monodie and general bass. In addition the first operas developed. Nevertheless fundamental musical concepts developed in the Renaissance are used also in following epochs, z. B. the Mehrchörigkeit. Last aftereffects of a really Renaissance-moderate attitude are also inthe Fantasien for Gamben - to find Consort of Henry Purcell.

see also


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