Rennes

base data
region: Brittany
Département: Ille et Vilaine
Arrondissement: Rennes
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 48° 06 ' 53 " N 01° 40 ' 46 " W
48° 06 ' 53 " N 01° 40 ' 46 " W
height: 30 m and. NN
surface: 50.39 km ²
inhabitants: 206.229 (1999)
Population density: 4093 inhabitants for each km ²
postal zip code: 35000
politics
mayor: Edmond Hervé (HP)

Rennes [ʀɛn] (bretonisch: Roazhon, gallo: Resnn) is the capital of the French region and the earlier duchy Brittany. At the same time is RennesPrefecture seat of the Départements Ille et Vilaine. With a population of 212.494 inhabitants (1999) Rennes is tenth under the most densely populated cities of France.

Table of contents

Geografie

Rennes lies in the west of France in the east of Brittany at the delta of the Illet into the Vilaine and extends on a surface of 50.39 square kilometers.The city experiences for the past few years a large upswing. In the region Rennes live today 550,000 inhabitants.

history

early period and the Middle Ages

Rennes was well-known in the Roman realm under the name Condate (“confluence”, according to the situation), the Celts called thatPlace Resnn. Condate was the principal place of the Civitas Riedonum, thus the area of the Riedoner. In Rennes an inscription has itself received, which calls a Duumvirn Titus Flavius Postuminus, thus from the time of the Flavier to come might. The increasing threat by invaders led in the year 275 for the building of a city attachment, besides the city attained as bishop seat at meaning. After in England the there British since center 5. Jhs. of the fishing rod Saxonia were pressed, moved some British into those up to then Aremorica area specified in the northwest Galliens, Chlothar I.,it succeeded to the founder of the Franconia realm in the year 497 however to establish one, even if loosened, sovereignty of the Merowinger over the “Bretonen” immigrant mentioned. Karl the large one established then in the east of the duchy Brittany the Bretoni Mark, those the counties Rennes, Vannes and Nantescovered. Against Brittany pulled Karl in the years 786 and 799, without incorporating it his realm. In the year 851 Nominoë of the city and the county Rennes could seize and hold it also against the westFrankish king Karl the bald one, that in vaintried to conquer it. While Nominoës successors lay again and again in the controversy with the counts von Nantes, also the Wikinger intervened in these arguments since approximately 875, particularly since they possessed a base in Noirmoutier before the bretonischen coast. Around 880 duke Judicaël came therebyin the battle of Qustembert against Alain I. around the life, which was count von Nantes and with the Normannen had allied itself; by this victory Alain attained the rule over Brittany. To its death 907 it came to normannischen conquest attempts, 937 became again thenAlain II. Duke of Brittany.952 attained then the Normannen the rule over Brittany, however the 990 their independence under Conan I. regained, in addition an attack of the count von Anjou to repel could and that, as only the bretonischen dukes, in Rennes one ofFrance unbhängige Münzprägestätte interspersed. After its dynasty the dynasty Cornouaille with Hoël I., likewise residing in Rennes, followed starting from 1066; its son Alain IV. were the last bretonisch speaking duke of Brittany and a participant of the 1. Crusade. It followed Conan III., after its death 1148 it to succession disputes came, those its grandchild Conan IV. 1156 for itself to decide could. However Brittany meanwhile 1154 were in the Angevini realm Heinrichs II.a powerful rival developed. Its son Gottfried marries Conans hereditary daughter Konstanze, so that the Plantagenets becomes dukes of Brittany. GottfriedsSuccessor Arthur came into the arguments between the French king Philipp II. August and the English king Johann without country (Arthur's Onkel), in whose process the per-French Arthur is killed 1203. As drawn in Lehen Brittany arrived to its king now under the sovereignty of France, here thatHouse Thouars and/or. the house Dreux began a little later. With Johann III. the dynasty expired 1341. Between inheriting Karl von Blois and Johann von Montfort comes it thereupon 1341 1364 to the Bretoni succession war to suffer under also the city Renneshad, an argument, which is to be seen war in connection with the simultaneous hundred-year, since Johann is considered as a candidate of the Englishmen and Karl as that of the Frenchmen. The Montforts becomes generally accepted finally and governs in Rennes for the next one and a half centuries. These pursue oneincreasingly per-French policy, particularly since after the Englishmen were sold by the continent. The last bretonische duke, Franz II. (1458 - 1488), however again the bretonische self-sufficiency stressed, furnished as its symbol in Rennes its own parliament as Court of Justice for Brittany andon, but could not not prevent he approached the having citizens that the French king and its army leaders La Tremouille attacked its residence Rennes after his death and finally the wedding of the hereditary daughter Anne with king Karl VIII.it forced whereby this became inheriting the duchyand it 1491 of the French crown subjected. The area becomes 1532 by king Franz I. finally officially with France combines.

modern times

Rennes prosperierte in the consequence by the increasing overseas trade, cloth production and the agriculture of the area. Under Ludwig XIV. rose thenthe loads however strongly on and those so far the Bretonen granted exemption from taxes on salt one waived; it came into Rennes thereupon 1675 to a rebellion, which was bloodily struck down. In the year 1720 a fire devastated large parts of the city. The today's large places owe theirShape the reconstruction after the disaster under the line of the architect Joseph Abeille. 1789 showed up first clear sympathies for the revolution, when this turned then however against the church, showed up with the traditional population (the “Chouans “) resistance, ofthe centre government in Paris one struck down. In order to prevent future independence efforts, thereupon Brittany in 5 Départements divided, Rennes became seat of the Départements Ille et Villaine.1857 received the city a rail connection. Here 1899 the revision process in the affair Dreyfus took place.

In 20. Jh. experienced thatbretonische nationalism a renewal. It pointed itself in cultural initiatives, for instance the revival of the bretonischen language, in addition, to actions by force. Thus in Rennes a monument was blown up that of the loyalty oath of the Bretonen opposite France reminded. The attempt of the German invaders however, this movementin the Second World War for its purposes to use, failed; Bretonen took part just like Frenchmen in the fight against the crew power, which took 1944 off from Rennes again. After the war one strove to promote the long neglected region then in Rennes a car factory was built. AsSymbol for the cultural self-sufficiency of the Bretonen can apply that since 1985 the strassenschilder are bilingual, even if French further official office language is and is less common in the east of Brittany around Rennes Bretoni than in the west. The traditional language of the region of Rennesrather the Gallo is, a galloromanischer dialect. The fire of the old parliament building of Rennes finally made headlines in the year 1994.

culture and science

two Universities of (Rennes 1: Science and philosophy and Rennes 2: Geisteswissenschaften, languages, literature) and a large numberat student (approximately 50,000) determine the everyday life of the city. Numerous festivals (as the music festival Les Transmusicales, Les tombées de la nuit as well as skirt and Solex, the first Studentenfestival of the country) find simultaneous instead of, which admit beyond the borders of France are.

Work on []

Objects of interest

to the Place of the Lices:

  • Les Halles March emergency (19. Jh.)
  • of haven Mordelaises, a small city lock with two towers and Zugbrücke
  • of remainders of the old Stadtmauer (3. Jh.)
  • route Jehan Duchesne (15. Jh.)
  • attachments 15. Jhs.

At the Place pc. Anne:

  • Church Saint Aubin
  • oldHospiz (14. Jh.)
  • Jakobinerkonvent
church Notre-Dame EN Saint Mélaine

to the Rue Saint Mélaine:

  • Church Notre-Dame EN Saint Mélaine
  • Benediktinerkloster Saint Méöaine (9. Jh.)
  • Jardin you Thabor (frz. Garden with Orangerie, rose garden and Volière)
  • promenade “La moth à madame” with monumental stairs

to the Rue Saint Georges

  • palace Saint Georges with park

To the Place de la Mairie (Plasenn Ti Ker):

  • Mairie (city hall)
  • opera house

southern of the Villaine:

  • Museum of the beautiful arts
  • Brittany museum

traffic

the traffic routes are good. Apart from the motorway binding Rennes possesses a connection to the TGV - net. The TGV - Atlantique connects for example Pariswith the Finistère cities Quimper and Brest. The public suburban traffic is dispatched by a bus system and a fully automatic underground, since 2002 in enterprise. Southwest the city is an airport.

industry

beside the production of motor vehicles of the company Citroën (with it the onebretonische mark is) - the work is in the suburb pc. Jacques de la country, directly beside the airport -, the range of telecommunications places the most important industry of the city. In Rennes is the main editorship of Ouest France, the present-strongest newspaper of France.

mayor

mayor Edmond Hervé is since 1977 in the office.

other mechanisms

in the proximity of the local part Thourie a transmission mechanism for medium wave , which established 1982 as transmitting antenna 220 meters of high, against earth isolated, is removed steel framework mast with triangular cross section used. Of thisPlant is spread the program “France info.” with a transmitting power by 300 KW on the frequency 711 kHz. Until 1997 still another second transmitting pole existed of 120 meters height, which for the radiation of a second radio program in the medium-wave band one used.

partnerships between cities

the parliament

the parliament lies in the center of the city. It became in 16. Century establishes. The building was financed with the help of the tax on wine. It was the highest place of the royal law in the province of Brittany. Thoseoriginal stairs were torn off, because the judges were not allowed to stand more highly than the king.1675 were sent the parliament (the judges) after the “paper Timbré” - rebellion after Vannes, in order to calm the local requirements down. The city became economically weak. The Comtesse de Sévigné explained “without parliament is Rennes not more valuable than Vitré ". The officers returned 1690 to royal instruction. 1720 burned the whole city. Fortunately only one part parliament parlamentsdachs was damaged. 1726 became an iron statue of Ludwig 14. at the place established, it made clear that the parliamentroyal power place was.1994 burned the parliament, which were damages largely, however the worst became prevented. Today the building is reorganized after 10 years reconstruction. The parliament is today still the highest Court of Justice of the region.

sons and daughters of the city


coordinates: 48° 06 ' 53 " N 01° 40 ' 46 " W


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