Rhine-Neckar-region

coat of arms map
Wappen des Rhein-Neckar-Kreises Lage des Rhein-Neckar-Kreises in Deutschland
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Baden-Wuerttemberg
governmental district: Karlsruhe
region: Rhine Neckar
administrative seat: Heidelberg
surface: 1.061, 72 km ²
inhabitants: 533.248 (30. June 2005)
Population density: 502 Einwohner/km ²
Kfz characteristics: Hp
circle key: 08 2 26
circle arrangement: 54 Municipalities
address of the district administration: Cure prince plant 38-40
69115 Heidelberg
Website: www.rhein-neckar-kreis.de
E-Mail address:
Politics
land advice: Dr. Jürgen contactor (CDU)
map
Bild:Baden_wuerttemberg_hd.png

the Rhine-Neckar-region is the inhabitant-strongest district in Baden-Wuerttemberg. It lies in the northwest of the country and belongs to Region Rhine Neckar in the governmental district Karlsruhe. In the north it forms the national border to Hessen with the there districts mountain route and desert forest circle, in the east borders it on the Neckar Odenwald circle of Baden-Wuerttemberg, in the southeast on the district Heilbronn, in the southto the district Karlsruhe; in the west the Rhine forms the natural national border to the Land of the Federal Republic Rhineland-Palatinate with the circle-free city Speyer and the Rhine Pfalz circle. In the northwest the urban area Mannheim borders . Seat of the district is Heidelberg, thatUrban area is and thus in the midst of the circle area lies, but does not listen to it. Into the circle area rises up also a narrow strip, which belongs to the country Hessen. It concerns here the municipalities Neckarsteinach belonging to to the circle mountain route and Deer horn (Neckar), as well as the hessian part of hedgehog brook.

Table of contents

Geografie

the Rhine-Neckar-region has portion of the lowlandses of the Upper Rhine, of the western Kraichgau and at the southern desert forest. One calls the landscape at the western edge of the desert forest of pointing hole to the north over Heidelberg and Weinheim to Darmstadt “mountain route “,one of the warmest areas of Germany. (see also the hessian circle mountain route). The northwest half of the circle represents the historical area of the Kurpfalz .

history

the Rhine-Neckar-region resulted from the circle reform in Baden-Wuerttemberg to the 1. January 1973. At that time the old circles Heidelberg and Mannheim were combined with the majority of the old circle Sinsheim and a municipality of the old circle MOS brook to the Rhine-Neckar-region. 1975 took place then still separating of brick living into the circle-free city Heidelberg. The old circles Heidelberg, Mannheimund Sinsheim gehen zurück auf die ehemals badischen Bezirksämter, die im Laufe der Geschichte mehrmals verändert wurden und1936/1939in Landkreise überführt wurden. At the same time 1939 the urban areas Heidelberg and Mannheim developed. Since that time both cities do not belong to, remained for the respective circle areas however until 1972 seat of the respective district administration. After the circle reform Heidelberg became seat of the new Rhine-Neckar-region. This covers still 54 municipalities , among them 17 cities and of it again 6 “large district towns after conclusion of the municipality reform“(Hockenheim, glues, Schwetzingen, Sinsheim, Weinheim and pointing hole). Largest city is Weinheim, smallest municipality is Heddesbach. With its altogether for 54 cities and municipalities is appropriate the Rhine-Neckar-region only scarcely behind the Alb Danube circle, the 55 cities and municipalitieshas. In Sinsheim and pointing hole are branch offices of the district administration office.

inhabitant development

the numbers of inhabitants are census results (¹) or official updating of the statistic national office Baden-Wuerttemberg (only main domiciles).

Year numbers of inhabitants
31. December 1973 447,099
31. December 1975 449.602
31. December 1980 463,110
31. December 1985 467,597
27. May 1987 ¹ 465,342
year numbers of inhabitants
31. December 1990 488,017
31. December 1995 512,445
31. December 2000 524,028
30. June 2005 533,248

politics

the district becomes from the Kreistag and of the land advice administers. The Kreistag is selected by the voters in the district on 5 years. This committee selects the land advice for one term of office of 8 years. This is a legal representative and representative of the district as well as chairman of the Kreistags andits committees. It leads the district administration office and is a civil servant of the circle. Among its field of application rank the preparation of the meetings of the Kreistags as well as its committees. It calls up meetings, leads it and carries out the resolutions seized there. In the committees hasit no right to vote. Its deputy is a first national official.

The land advice of the district Heidelberg 1945-1972:

the land advice of the district Mannheim 1945-1972:

  • 1945: Smelling pool of broadcasting corporations joy mountain (kommissarisch)
  • 1945 - 1946: Karl Geppert (kommissarisch)
  • 1946: Dr. Valentin ATM (kommissarisch)
  • 1946 - 1948: Ernst Becherer
  • 1948 - 1970: Dr. Valentin ATM
  • 1970 - 1972: Albert Neckenauer

the land advice of the district Sinsheim 1945-1972:

  • 1945 - 1946: Novel Grossmann (kommissarisch)
  • 1946: God praise Barth and Dr. Briefly of church home (both kommissarisch in each case)
  • 1946: Wolfgang Rutschke (assigned the perception of the business)
  • 1946 - 1947: Hermann Lindner (kommissarisch)
  • 1947 - 1948: Dr. Johann good man
  • 1948: Dr. Ludwig Berne home
  • 1948 - 1949: George stone burner (assigned the perception of the business)
  • 1949 - 1950: Dr. Roll ago Reidel (kommissarisch)
  • 1950 - 1972: Dr. Paul Herrmann

the land advice of the Rhine-Neckar-region since 1973:

  • 1973 George stone burner, office Weser
  • 1973 - 1986: Albert Neckenauer
  • since 1986: Dr. Jürgen contactor

coat of arms

description:
Split: in front in blue silver, alsoa curved black thread of occupied wave bars; in the back in gold red more crowned, red more bezungter and red reinforced black lion (coat of arms award 5. November 1975)
Meaning:
The wave bar symbolizes the Rhine and the Neckar, those the circle the namegave. The kurpfälzische lion symbolizes the former affiliation of the predominant part of the today's circle area to the cure principality Pfalz.

economics and infrastructure

SAP

the industrial structure are various with numerous enterprises of the metalworking and chemical industry (e.g. Joy mountain inWeinheim), among them also numerous medium-size enterprises. The service sector is in the large cities not belonging to the Rhine-Neckar-region concentrated, but gives it also in the circle area meaning enterprise like e.g. software - the enterprise SAP in barrier village and pc. Leon red or the Finanzdienstleister MLP and the Heidelberger printing machines in pointing hole. In the rural parts of the circle land and also forestry dominates. In the Rhine ditch (sank Leon red, Schwetzingen) one of the main cultivation areas for asparagus is in Germany.

traffic

OEGin Weinheim

by the circle area the federal motorway A 5 Basel - Frankfurt as well as the motorway A 6 Saarbruecken - leads Mannheim - Nuremberg, which cross at the motorway interchange barrier village, several federal highways, under it B 3, Basel - Frankfurt,the B39, the B37 and the B45 as well as landesstrassen.

In the circle area went to 14. December 2003 the net of the rapid-transit railway RheinNeckar in enterprise, which opens the entire Rhine-Neckar area into the Pfalz and to south Hessen. Tying to thatMetropolitan railway net Karlsruhe is to be still removed. The railway of the Upper Rhine (OEG), a narrow-gauge railway, connects Mannheim, Heidelberg and Weinheim on a round distance. Streetcars of the Heidelberger road and mountain railway AG (HSB) in addition drive to glues and Eppelheim. The HSBand the BRN, a bus company of the German course AG and the SWEG supplies the Heidelberger surrounding countryside with a relatively close bus linear network.

circle mechanisms

the Rhine-Neckar-region is school carrier of the following vocational ones schools: Theodor Frey school (commercial and commercial school) Eberbach,Honouring hard bulkhead school (commercial school) Schwetzingen, Friedrich Hecker school (commercial school) Sinsheim, Hans joy mountain school (commercial school) Weinheim, stroke blank star mountain school (commercial school) pointing hole, Carl Theodor school (commercial school) Schwetzingen, max weber school (commercial school) Sinsheim, Johann Philipp rice school (commercial school) Weinheim, Johann Philipp Bronner school (commercial school) pointing hole, Louise Otto Peterschool (house-economical school) Hockenheim with branch office pointing hole, Albert Schweitzer school(House-economical school) Sinsheim and Helen cellar school (house-economical school) Weinheim, furthermore the following special schools: Comeniusschule for mental-obstructed Schwetzingen, stone mountain school for mental-obstructed with school child garden Sinsheim, Maria Montessori school for mental-obstructed with school child garden Weinheim and March in school for handicapped shop castle.

The Rhine-Neckar-region maintains hospitals, old and nursing homeand geriatric rehablitation hospitals. These were led so far in the form of an own establishment. Starting from 1. January 2006 these mechanisms are operated of the “GRN health centers Rhine Neckar non-profit GmbH”. In detail it concerns the district hospitals Sinsheim, Eberbach, Schwetzingen and Weinheim,the circle nursing homes Sinsheim, Schwetzingen, nut hole, Weinheim and crying home and the geriatric Reha hospitals Hockenheim, Sinsheim and Weinheim. Furthermore there is a nursing for the sick school in each case at the district hospitals to Schwetzingen and Sinsheim.

cities and municipalities

(inhabitants to 30. June 2005)

Cities

  1. Eberbach (15.448)
  2. Eppelheim (14.345)
  3. Hemsbach (12.329)
  4. Hockenheim (20.758)
  5. shop castle (11.520)
  6. glues (27.031)
  7. Neckarbischofsheim (4.010)
  8. Neckargemünd (14.221)
  9. Rauenberg (7.514)
  10. Schönau (4.877)
  11. crying home (14.368)
  12. Schwetzingen (22.403)
  13. Sinsheim (35.366)
  14. Waibstadt (5.741)
  15. barrier village (14.663)
  16. Weinheim (43.272)
  17. pointing hole (26.122)

central administrative bodies and/or. Central administrative body

  1. that agreed upon local administration federationsCity Eberbach with the municipality Schönbrunn
  2. local administration federation “Elsenztal” with seat in Meckesheim; Member municipalities: Central administrative body of the city Hockenheim with the municipalities Altlussheim, Neulussheim
  3. agreed upon municipalities Eschelbronn, praise brook , wall, Meckesheim
  4. and Spechbach agreed upon central administrative body of the city Hemsbach with the municipality Laudenbach andReilingen
  5. local administration federation “Neckargemünd” with seat in Neckargemünd; Member municipalities: City Neckargemünd and municipalities Bammental, Gaiberg and meadow brook
  6. local administration federation “Rauenberg” with seat in Rauenberg; Member municipalities: City Rauenberg and municipalities Malsch and Mühlhausen
  7. local administration federation “Schönau” with seat in Schönau; Member municipalities: City Schönau andMunicipalities Heddesbach, holy cross stone oh and William field
  8. agreed upon central administrative body of the city Sinsheim with the municipalities fishing rod brook valley and Zuzenhausen
  9. local administration federation “Waibstadt” with seat in Waibstadt; Member municipalities: Cities Waibstadt and Neckarbischofsheim as well as the municipalities Epfenbach, helmet-city-saved, envy stone and living of kind of realm
  10. agreed upon central administrative body of the city pointing holewith the municipality Dielheim

municipalities

  1. Altlussheim (5.338)
  2. fishing rod brook valley (4.883)
  3. Bammental (6.571)
  4. Brühl (14.375)
  5. Dielheim (8.981)
  6. Dossenheim (11.616)
  7. Edingen Neckarhausen (13.867)
  8. Epfenbach (2.480)
  9. Eschelbronn (2.599)
  10. Gaiberg (2.487)
  11. Heddesbach (491)
  12. Heddesheim (11.673)
  13. holy cross stone oh (3.137)
  14. helmet-city-saved (3.948)
  15. deer mountain at the mountain route (9.496)
  16. Ilvesheim (7.664)
  17. Ketsch (12.919)
  18. Laudenbach (6.077)
  19. praise brook (2.434)
  20. Malsch (3.346)
  21. wall (3.636)
  22. Meckesheim (5.393)
  23. Mühlhausen (8.204)
  24. envy stone (1.823)
  25. Neulussheim (6.570)
  26. nut hole (10.779)
  27. more frequent home (10.081)
  28. Plankstadt (9.426)
  29. living of kind of realm (2.011)
  30. Reilingen (7.048)
  31. sand living (14.292)
  32. Schönbrunn (3.026)
  33. Spechbach (1.684)
  34. pc. Leon red (12.329)
  35. meadow brook (3.131)
  36. William field (3.342)
  37. Zuzenhausen (2.103)


literature

  • the country Baden-Wuerttemberg - official description after circles and municipalities (in eight volumes); Hrsg. of the national's archives management Baden-Wuerttemberg; V bound: Governmental district Karlsruhe; Stuttgart, 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2
  • office for land surveying Ba-Wü: Leisure map nature park Neckartal Odenwald - Mannheim Heidelberg.F 513.ISBN 3890216064 . Yardstick 1:30 000. 2005. The connection map toward the east (Eberbach to beeches) is called: Leisure map nature park Neckartal Odenwald - MOS brook. F 514. ISBN 3890216072 .

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