Rhinehesse

of these articles is concerned with the region Rhinehesse, for the Weinbaugebiet of the same name sees to Rhinehesse (Weinbaugebiet)

Rhinehesse is a region in Rhineland-Palatinate. The name leads itself from from 1816 - 1919 existing the historical affiliation of the area to Grand Duchy of Hessen and in the following until 1945 the republic Hessen off. This sometimes today still leads to mistakes.

Table of contents

geographical location

Rhinehesse by Rhine and close one is enclosed and extends over a surface of approximately 1,400 km ² between the Rhineland-Palatinian state capital Mainz and the cities Alzey, being gene and Worms. Further largerPlaces in the region are Ingelheim at the Rhine, Nierstein and Oppenheim (everything been located at the Rhine), as well as east yards, down Olm and Woerrstadt.

geology

Rhinehesse has primarily loess, in addition, Mergel with large loam portion.

climate

by its protected situation in luff and Lee of Hunsrück, Taunus, desert forest and thunder mountain belong to Rhinehesse to the warmest and driest areas of Germany, which the wine - and cultivation of fruit favours.

Rhinehesse actual among other things throughthe intensive agricultural use - the smallest wooded area in completely Germany. Strong rainfalls are the exception and step usually only in the summer on (i.d.R. in connection with thunderstorms).

The average duration of sunshine amounts to in Rhinehesse about 1,600 hours, thoseVegetation time about 240 days.

Die Jahresdurchschnittstemperatur beträgt 10,5°C.

history

Rhinehesse is before historical as historically rich. From prähistorischer time are places of discovery like the Weinheimer Trift with Alzey, the so-called Urrhein with Eppelsheim („Dinotherium “) and the breaking reefwith Eckelsheim admits.

The always strongly settled region brings finds out from all historical periods, of stone-temporal grave fields with Flomborn over celtic treasure troves with Planig and Roman temples and theatres in Mainz up to the Frankish prince grave of Flonheim.Two of the three Roman emperor cathedrals stand here, in Mainz and Worms.

As passage area Rhinehesse experienced many influences and people shanks. Carl Zuckmayer originating from neck home with Mainz brought this in the devil general on the formula of the Rhine as“Kelter Europe”. Apart from many influences particularly to emphasize the long-continuous settlement is by Jews, whose traces in some places are to be found, particularly impressively however in Worms with the old Jew cemetery and the soon thousand-year old synagog.

Rhinehesse developed under this nameafter 1815, when the before politically strongly splintered region was combined for the first time and slammed shut the Grand Duchy of Hessen. Rhinehesse remained until 1918 with the Grand Duchy of Hessen, then until 1945 with the republic Hessen. By the fixing of the boundaries between French and American zone of occupation it becameseparately from Hessen and one of five governmental districts of the again-created Land of the Federal Republic was Rhineland-Palatinate starting from 1947. It covered the circle-free cities Mainz and Worms as well as the districts Alzey Worms and Mainz being gene. The district Oppenheim was already 1938 dissolved and that District Mainz slammed shut.

In the course of the administrative reform of 1968 the area of Rhinehesse changed slightly: Mauchenheim came of the Pfalz to Rhinehesse, the places Ippesheim and Planig became to Bad Kreuznach in in common December and to belong since then to the Weinbaugebiet close one . The places of the convention community Bad Kreuznach rank further among Rhinehesse.

Etymologie of the places up - end

to home many places in Rhinehesse on the word part - home. This becomes on Frankish times, thus 5. to 6. Centuryled back, as it usually was to be designated settlements or yards after their respective gentlemen. Thus for example Ingelheim on the Rhine from the supposed name Ingilo developed over several stages for the today's name of the city.

Other place names are Roman origin howof Mainz (Moguntiacum) or being gene (Bingium), some decrease/go back on celtic designations like Worms (Borbetomagus) and Alzey (Altiaia).

viticulture

Rhinehesse is with 26.171 hectares of Rebfläche largest area of cultivation of wine of Germany. For further information see the article Rhinehesse (Weinbaugebiet).

dialect

the Rhine-hessian dialect belonged to the Rhine-Frankish dialects and is closely related to the hessian one.

Rhine-hessian specialities

  • Backesbroote -- With potatoes and bacon of filled roasts
  • Backesgrumbeere -- Well more peppered potato-accumulatewith bacon, wine and sour cream
  • Bremser -- The preliminary stage to the feather-white
  • Dibbehas -- The hare in the pot (“Dibbe”), always with hare (rabbit) and spice, wenn's to be correctly good is with wine
  • chop-wakes -- Roll with strongly peppered Metz and bulbs
  • Handkäs with music -- Mainzer scooter inserted into vinegar oil and bulbs
  • Kreppel -- Variant citizens of Berlin of the pancake
  • Spundekäs -- Wine jelly wine soup Wingertsknorze consists of Frischkäse, Paprika, bulbs
  • and
  • other
  • spices -- Rye pastry with bacon and bulbs
  • Wingertsimbs-- Typical one of vineyard bread time
  • Zwiwwelkuche -- Bulb cake

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