Rhine province

Rhine country (1905)

the Rhine province (Rhine Prussia) was one of the provinces, of 22. June 1822 up to its dissolution after the Second World War the State of Prussia formed and the Rhine country between being gene and Kleve covered. Seat of the upper president and the other national administrative authorities for the Rhine province was Koblenz. The administrative seat for the Provinzialverband Rhine province, self-governing body shank for over-local tasks with the principal organs national captain and Provinziallandtag, was Duesseldorf. The northern part of this provincetoday North Rhine-Westphalia lies and covered parts of the Ruhr district, the southern in Rhineland-Palatinate and in the Saarland in the Land of the Federal Republic. Smaller parts belong today to Hessen (former city and circle Wetzlar), Baden-Wuerttemberg (former governmental district sigma rings) and Belgium (former circles Eupen and Malmedy).

Table of contents

area and population

24,477 km ² (without Hohenzolleri country); 7.931.942 inhabitants (May 1939)

history

Ehem. preußische (Bezirks-) Regierung für den Regierungsbezirk Koblenz in Koblenz, heute Sitz des BWB
Ehem. Prussian (district) governmentfor the governmental district Koblenz in Koblenz, today seat of the BWB

historical was coined/shaped the Rhine country particularly by the Roman realm, by arguments between Germany and France and by the industrialization.

After the Viennese congress 1815 became thatState of Prussia by „the regulation because of improved mechanism of the Provinzialbehörden “ of 30. April 1815 divided in 10 provinces. Out of formed at that time into Cologne and Grand Duchy of Niederrhein with seat into Koblenz went to both provinces Jülich Kleve mountain with seat through „the Kabinettsordrecombination of the two provinces Jülich Kleve mountain and Grand Duchy of Niederrhein concern to the Prussian Rhine province “ to 22. June 1822 the Rhine province out. Seat of the upper president of this Prussian province, thus the Provinzialregierung, was Koblenz. The Oberpäsidium had there first its seat in the former Kurfürstlichen lock and starting from 1911 in a again-baroque building to the today's Stresemannstrasse (now structure and permission management north). The Rhine province was divided into the 5 governmental districts Aachen, Duesseldorf (including 1822 dissolved Kleve), Koblenz, Cologne and Trier. The governmental districts were again into districts with ever about 30,000 to 40,000 inhabitants divided.

The area of the Rhine province was almost closed. Only the circle Birkenfeld belonged until 1937 as Exklave to the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg and/or Free State Oldenburg, before it inFramework of the large Hamburg law into the Rhine province was integrated. A further enclave formed the Principality of Lichtenberg, which belonged to Prussia to the Principality of Saxonia Coburg, was sold then however and integrated the Rhine province from 1819 to 1834. The only Exklave thatRhine province formed Wetzlar to 1939 the district.

The political and cultural integration of the Rhine province into the State of Prussia was a large challenge. Finally the Rhine country was at that time very modern, which concerned industry and trade and which was there middle classaccording to self-confidently, while remaining Prussia was still undisputed still to a large extent agrarian coined/shaped and the priority of the aristocracy. In addition the Rhine province was by the majority catholic, which likewise led to reservations in relation to the new authority.

After the First World War the Rhine province becamefrom French, Belgian and British troops occupies; the last occupation troops vacated 1930 and thus five years rather as the Friendensvertrag had planned, the Rhine country. 1935 interspersed Hitler the Remilitarisierung.

After the Second World War the northern part of the Rhine province became,the governmental districts Aachen, Duesseldorf and Cologne first part of the British zone of occupation and by the regulation No. 46 of the military government of 23. August 1946 „concerning the dissolution of the provinces of the former country Prussia in the British zone and their new formationas independent countries “ with the former Prussian province Westphalia to the country North Rhine-Westphalia combines.
The southern area with the governmental districts Koblenz and Trier became part of the French zone of occupation and a component of the country Rhineland-Palatinate.
The today's national border corresponds coincidentally rather exactlythe relatively sharp dialect border, which separates Ripuari and Niederfränki dialects in the north as well as the Moselfränki dialects in the south.

administrative arrangement of the Rhine province

coat of arms of the Rhine province

governmental district Aachen

today still existing circles/urban area is fat represented. Districts

  1. district Aachen
  2. district Düren
  3. district Erkelenz
  4. district Eupen (up to 31. October 1922, starting from that 20. September 1920 “remainder circle”, afterwards mentioned part of the State of Belgium, to 18. May 1940 again-establishes, 1945 finally to Belgium)
  5. districtGeilenkirchen (up to 9. August 1933, afterwards district Geilenkirchen Heinsberg)
  6. district Geilenkirchen Heinsberg (starting from that 10. August 1933)
  7. District Heinsberg (up to 30. September 1932, afterwards to the district Geilenkirchen, to 10. August 1933 in District Geilenkirchen Heinsberg was renamed)
  8. district Jülich
  9. district Malmedy (up to 31. October 1922, starting from that 20. September 1920 “remainder circle”, afterwards mentioned part of the State of Belgium, to 18. May 1940 again-establishes, 1945 finally to Belgium)
  10. district Montjoie (up to 31. May 1920, afterwards in district Monschau renamed)
  11. district Monschau (starting from that 1. June 1920)
  12. District Schleiden

urban area

  1. city Aachen

governmental district Duesseldorf

today still existing circles/urban area is fat represented. Districts

  1. District DIN sheet (starting from that 1. April 1909)
  2. District Duisburg (up to 23. January 1874, afterwards some municipalities in the city Duisburg)
  3. district Duesseldorf (up to 31. July 1929, afterwards in the district Duesseldorf Metz man)
  4. district Duesseldorf Metz man (starting from that 1. August 1929)
  5. Circle Elberfeld
  6. district meal (up to 31. July 1929, afterwards most municipalities in the city meal)
  7. district funds
  8. district Gladbach (up to 31. July 1929, now predominantly city Moenchengladbach)
  9. district Grevenbroich (up to 31. July 1929, afterwards in the district Grevenbroich Neuss)
  10. district Grevenbroich Neuss (starting from that 1. August 1929)
  11. District Kempen (up to 31. July 1929, afterwards in the district Kempen Krefeld)
  12. district Kempen Krefeld (starting from that 1. August 1929)
  13. District Kleve (intermediate way of writing Cleve)
  14. district Krefeld (intermediate way of writing Crefeld, up to 31. July 1929, afterwards in the district Kempen Krefeld)
  15. district Lennep (up to 31. July 1929, afterwards in District Solingen Lennep, which was renamed 1931 in Rhine Wupper circle)
  16. district Metz man (up to 31. July 1929, afterwards in the district Duesseldorf Metz man)
  17. district Moers
  18. district Mülheim A. D. Ruhr (starting from that 24. January 1874 up to 31. March 1910)
  19. District Neuss (up to 31. July 1929, afterwards in the district Grevenbroich Neuss)
  20. district Rees
  21. Rhine Wupper circle (starting from 1931)
  22. district Ruhr place (starting from that 1. July 1887 up to 31. March 1909)
  23. District Solingen (up to31. July 1929, afterwards in the district Solingen Lennep, which was renamed 1931 in Rhine Wupper circle)
  24. district Solingen Lennep (starting from that 1. August 1929 up to renaming in Rhine Wupper circle in the year 1931)

urban areas

  1. city Barmen (starting from that 1. June1861 up to 31. July 1929, afterwards quarter of the city Barmen Elberfeld, to 25. January 1930 in city Wuppertal renamed is)
  2. city Barmen Elberfeld (starting from that 1. August 1929 up to 24. January 1930, afterwards renaming in City Wuppertal)
  3. city Duisburg (starting from that 24. January 1874 up to 31. July 1929, afterwards city Duisburg Hamborn , starting from that 1. April 1935 again in city Duisburg renamed)
  4. city Duisburg Hamborn (starting from that 1. August 1929 toto 31. March 1935, thereafter renaming in city Duisburg)
  5. city Duesseldorf (starting from that 20. April 1872)
  6. City Elberfeld (starting from that 1. June 1861 up to 31. July 1929, afterwards quarter of the city Barmen Elberfeld, to25. January 1930 in city Wuppertal renamed is)
  7. city meal (starting from that 28. February 1873)
  8. City Gladbach Rheydt (starting from that 1. August 1929, at the 1. August 1933 reestablishment of the cities Munich Gladbach and Rheydt)
  9. city Hamborn (starting from that 1. May 1911 up to 31. July 1929, afterwards city Duisburg Hamborn, afterwards up to now quarter of the city Duisburg)
  10. city Krefeld (starting from that 14. October 1872 [first in the way of writing Crefeld] up to 31. July1929, afterwards city Krefeld Ürdingen, to 25. April 1940 again in city Krefeld renamed)
  11. city Krefeld Ürdingen (starting from that 1. August 1929, to 25. April 1940 in city Krefeld renamed)
  12. city Mülheim at the Ruhr (starting from that1. January 1904)
  13. City Munich Gladbach (starting from that 1. January 1888 up to 31. July 1929, afterwards city Gladbach Rheydt, starting from that 1. August 1933 again city Munich Gladbach [without the city Rheydt], now Moenchengladbach)
  14. city Neuss (starting from that 1. April 1913)
  15. City upper living (starting from that 1. April 1901)
  16. City rem-separate (starting from that 1. January 1888)
  17. City Rheydt (starting from that 1. August 1929 up to 31. July 1933 quarter that City Gladbach Rheydt)
  18. city Solingen (starting from that 1. April 1896)
  19. City Sterkrade (starting from that 1. July 1917 up to 31. July 1929, afterwards integration into the city upper living)
  20. city Viersen (starting from that 1. August 1929)
  21. City Wuppertal (starting from that 25. January 1930)

governmental district Koblenz (original Coblenz)

today still existing circles/urban area is fat represented. Districts

  1. district Adenau (up to 30. September 1932, afterwards in the district Ahrweiler)
  2. district Ahrweiler
  3. District old person churches (Westerwald)
  4. district Birkenfeld (starting from that 1. April 1937)
  5. District Cochem
  6. district Koblenz (original way of writing Coblenz)
  7. district cross after
  8. district Mayen
  9. district Meisenheim (up to 30. September 1932, afterwards in the district cross after)
  10. district Neuwied
  11. District sank Goar
  12. district Simmern
  13. district Wetzlar (up to 30. September 1932 [Exklave])
  14. district cell (Mosel)

urban area

  1. city Koblenz (starting from that 1. October 1887, original way of writing Coblenz)

governmental district Cologne (original Cöln)

today stillexisting circles/urban area are fat represented. Districts

  1. district mountain home A. D. Erft
  2. district Bonn
  3. district Euskirchen
  4. district Cologne (original way of writing Cöln)
  5. circle Mülheim on the Rhine (up to 30. September 1932, afterwards to the Rheinisch Bergi circle)
  6. Oberbergi circle
  7. Circle Rhine brook (up to 30. September 1932, afterwards to the Oberbergi circle)
  8. Rheinisch Bergi circle
  9. victory circle
  10. circle Waldbröl (up to 30. September 1932, afterwards to the Oberbergi circle)
  11. circle Wipperfürth (up to 30. September 1932, afterwards to Rheinisch Bergi circle)

of urban areas

  1. city Bonn (starting from that 1. October 1887)
  2. City Cologne (original way of writing Cöln)
  3. city Mülheim on the Rhine (starting from that 1. May 1901 up to 31. March 1914, afterwards quarter of Cöln)

governmental district Trier

today still existing circles/urban area is fat represented. Districts

  1. district Bernkastel
  2. district bit castle
  3. district Daun
  4. district Merzig (up to 30. September 1920, afterwards partly in the Saargebiet and in the remainder circle Merzig Wadern, starting from 1935 with thatfrom the Saargebiet separated side circuit Merzig again as district Merzig again in an educated manner)
  5. remainder circle Merzig Wadern (starting from that 1. October 1920 to 1935)
  6. district Ottweiler (up to 30. September 1920, afterwards in the Saargebiet)
  7. district Prüm
  8. district Saarbruecken (up to 30. September 1920, afterwards in the Saargebiet)
  9. district Saarburg
  10. district Saarlouis (up to 30. September 1920, afterwards in the Saargebiet)
  11. district pc. Spiral (up to 30. September 1920, afterwards partly in the Saargebiet and in the remainder circlePc. Wendel-Baumholder)
  12. remainder circle pc. Wendel-Baumholder (starting from that 1. October 1920 up to 31. March 1937, afterwards in the district Birkenfeld)
  13. district Trier
  14. district Wittlich

urban area

  1. city Saarbruecken (starting from that 7. September 1909 up to 30. September 1920, afterwardsin the Saargebiet)
  2. city Trier

further important cities in the north Rhine country

further important cities in the south Rhine country

politics

upper president

(service seat: Koblenz)

Provinziallandtag

(seat: Duesseldorf)

1921: Center 45.9% - 73 seats | SPD16.4% - 26 seats |DVP 12.0% - 19 seats | KPD 8.9% - 14 seats | DNVP 8.7% - 14 seats | USPD 3.8% - 6 seats | Strip packing 3.1% - 5 seats | CVP 0.6% - 1 seat| Non-party 0.6% - 1 seat
1925: Center 43.9% - 72 seats | SPD 14.1% - 23 seats | KPD 12.4% - 21 seats | DNVP 9.8% - 16 seats | DVP 9.4% - 16 seats | WP 3.4%- 6 seats |Strip packing 2.2% - 4 seats | Rheini farmers and winegrowers 1.2% - 2 seats | Saver federation 1.1% - 2 seats | BAA 0.3% - 1 seat
1929: Center 39.2% - 64 seats | SPD 14.8%- 25 seats |KPD 12.7% - 21 seats | DVP 8.0% - 14 seats | DNVP 7.1% - 12 seats | WP 6.6% - 11 seats | NSDAP 3.2% - 6 seats | Strip packing 2.0% - 4 seats | CSVD 1.8% - 3 seats | CNBL 1.4% - 3 seats
1933: NSDAP 38.0% - 62 seats | Center 32.2% - 53 seats | KPD 11.2% - 19 seats | SPD 9.5% - 16 seats | DNVP 7.1% -13 seats
at 100% missing seats = in the Provinziallandtag of not representing choice suggestions.

see also

Web on the left of


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)