of the city (of altdän.: ripa = river bank; dt.: Ripen) is one of the oldest cities of Denmark and administrative seat would rub office (province would rub). It has 18,147 inhabitants (2005). All Middle Ages through into those early modern times were it the most important Danish port at the North Sea. Today the city lost, offers its former meaning however owing to some received buildings from the gloss time of the city still numerous objects of interest.
Table of contents
would rub are in the southwest of Jutland because of the North Sea Coast, close of the delta of the river would rub Å. To about 25 km northwest Esbjerg lies, to 50 km east Kolding lies. The geographical coordinates are 55° 21 ' north and 8° 46 ' east. The city covers 352 km ².
as the Missionar Ansgar of Bremen in the year 860 a place for first in Scandinaviachurch which can be established looked for, fell its choice on Ripen. Coincidence, because the city already at that time was not the most important commercial place of the north, under its good port and the navigable river. So the request Ansgars at king Eric is the first mention thatCity, yet leaves itself archaeological it to in 8. Century retrace. As the finds occupy, the city was at that time coined/shaped by handicraft (metallgiesserei, finishing of leather, Web work, pottery). Already in earliest time the city business connections must to Northern Germany, which had the Netherlands and England, in particular after Stade, Bremen, Cologne, Brügge, Deventer, Groningen and Utrecht.
During all Middle Ages Ripen remained a flowering city, despite numerous setbacks. Thus is it 1043 by the turns was geplündert its. Between 1176 and 1402 seven fire disasters destroyed large partsthe city. As everywhere in Europe 1350 the plague raged also in would rub. Two heavy inundations, 1362 and 1512, damaged the city likewise. Nevertheless end 15 lived. Century about 5,000 humans in it would rub with which it to the larger cities in Northern Europecounted (to the comparison:Hamburg had at that time about 10,000, Luebeck of about 25,000 inhabitants). Ripen were into 16. Century further economically well, but it lost gradually its meaning for the Danish maritime trade. The trade routes had shifted, Copenhagen and other cities ascended. The number of inhabitantsthe city constantly sank.
A large fire 1580, four plague epidemic diseases and some storm tides - the worst of it the Burchardiflut at the 11./12. October 1634 (the water stood for 6.10 m over NN) - accelerated the fall of the once flowering commercial town. A further plague epidemic diseasein the year 1659 the life cost a third of the city dwellers. Quartering of soldiers in the wars 17. Century robbed the citizens of their prosperity. Still about 2,000 humans lived themselves in Ripen, number, also to beginning the 19. Century hardly changed.As insignificant city she experienced the crew by napoleonische troops 1808 as well as the Schleswig Holsteini war 1848-51 and the GermanDanish war 1864.
The establishment of Esbjerg in the year 1870 took the trade from Ripen off to sea. Also the connection to the Eisenbahnnetz five years later could this loss do not adjust, would rub sank ever more in the Bedeutungslosigkeit. The city without problems got over the Second World War and the German crew of Denmark.
the place was already early an important commercial centre, and the meaning grew after the establishment bishop seat. Municipal law in the modern sense got Ripen probably only in 13. Century. The city possessed at this time some areas outside of its Weichbilds, under it cunning on Sylt. The city formed its own court district, but had also bishop, cathedral chapter and monasteries own jurisdiction. Although as enclavein the duchy Schleswig south the king sow convenient, belonged Ripen always to the Kingdom of Denmark, which also the three lions in the Stadtwappen clarify.
The largest part of the Riberhus Lehen was appropriate north for the king sow, but counted since that 15. Century also some enclaves in the schleswigschen country in addition,among them the surrounding countryside of the city, Amrum and Westerland Föhr, cunning (Sylt), some of Rome and the possessions around Ballum and Mögeltondern, bischöflichen up to the reformation. The city did not belong to the leaning district, which was converted 1660 into an office.
1864some up to then predominantly schleswigsche Nachbarkirchspiele (the southern part of Vilslev, Fardrup , Hjortlund , Kalvslund , Seem and Wester Wittstedt as well as the village Obbekier from the Kirchspiel Fohl ) came to the kingdom, whereby Ripen was connected with the northern surrounding countryside. 1920 ended the uncomfortableSituation as Grenzstadt. The place remained nevertheless a small land city, which removed only 30 kilometers particularly in the shade sea port Esbjerg .
With the administrative reform 1970 the city center of a large municipality including the schleswigschen neighbour municipalities Hviding , Roager and splinter December and that becamementioned above Nachbarkirchspiele, and it became administrative seat of a still increased office. The centralization of the local and regional administration 2007 meets Ripen against it heavily: The office becomes part of a southDanish large region with center in Vejle, the city comes up in a large municipality Esbjerg .
apart from the trade the Christian church was strongly in Ripen present. The wood church built by Ansgar became at the beginning 12. Century by a stony building replaced, since 1117 Ripen is bishop seat (diocese would rub). A cathedral chapter belonging to the cathedral as well as a cathedral school1145 were donated. Likewise there were four monasteries in Ripen: Sank Nikolai (Benediktinerkloster, end 12. Century based), a Dominikanerkloster (1228 based), a Franziskanerkloster (the oldest of its medal in Denmark, 1280) and the sink Johannis monastery (1311 mention for the first time). Beside the cathedraland the monastic churches there were six further churches, the oldest of it in Ripen is the pc. Pederskirche (1145 ago). Drastic change brought the reformation. The monasteries were closed, the influence of the church sank. Nevertheless Ripen remained a mental center. The cathedral school exists as latin schooluntil today.
the following overview shows the inhabitant development Ripens over the centuries. The numbers before that 18. Century are estimations, the remainder of results of censuses. Starting from 1980 the 1970 formed large municipality is uniformly counted.
culture and objects of interest
In the proximity, approx. 2 km south of an open land museum, which would rub „Vikinge centers “, there can, would rub, is one all year round an original placed behind village from the Danish Wikingerzeit experience. One can converse with the people there, usually is it students or honorary aids, who live and work in original Wikingerkleidung in the village. Meals, beverages and spices are offered for to try. The craftsmenone can look with its activities over the shoulder and e.g.: with the elbow shoot. Usually daily actions (market, Falknervorführung) and different projects find instead of (z. B: Build a Wikingerboots).
of sons and daughters of the city
- Kjeld Abell, poet
- differently boron thing, poet
- Bjørn fancy-hereditaryhit a corner, twelvefold world champion in the Windsurfen
- Niels Palladius, bishop and Reformator
- Peder Palladius, bishop and Reformator
- Morten Pontoppiden, writer
- Christian Skeel, realm advice
- Olaf Klose: Manual of the historical placesDenmark, Stuttgart, 1982. ISBN of 3520327015
Krems and Güstrow (mV)
Web on the left of
coordinates: 55° 21 ' N; 8° 46 ' O