Robert Cecil, 1. Viscount Cecil OF Chelwood

Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil, briefly lord Robert Cecil and starting from 1923 Robert Cecil, 1. Viscount Cecil OF Chelwood (* 14. September 1864 in Salisbury, † 24. November 1958 in Turnbridge Wells (Kent)) were a British politician and diplomat. As founder and a president of the international peace campaign he received the Nobel peace prize to 1937.

Lord Robert Cecil

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early years

Robert Cecil became 1864 as a son of Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne Cecil, 3. Marquess OF Salisbury born, it belonged accordingly from birth to the elite of Great Britain and visited for training primarily Privatschulen. At the Eton college in Eton and in Oxford he studied jurisprudence. After the study he worked some time for its father and hit then a lawyer career .

political career

1906 became Robert Cecil member of parliament for the Conservative party and kept this position with short interruptions until 1923. During the First World War he worked as an under-secretary of State in the Foreign Office and from 1916 to 1918 as a blockade Minister. 1916 it expressed (in the same year as American president Thomas Woodrow Wilson) for a Völkerbund and published themselves a “memorandum over suggestions, like the opportunities for future wars to be reduced could.” 1918 became Robert Cecil director/conductor of the British people federation department and developed the “Cecil plan”, on whose basis he compiled 1919 into of Paris a statute for the Völkerbund and which at the conference of peace led meetings of the British people federation department.

The Völkerbund became with the Versailler contract to 10. January 1920 in the life called, whereby winner powers of the First World War with exception of the USA, after the refusal of the contract by the American senate, which played prominent role. Robert Cecil reached 1923 the “1. Viscount Cecil OF Chelwood " appointed and member of the British House OF lord. In the years 1923 and 1924 he was lord-victory-Elbe-true, from 1924 to 1927 chancellors of the duchy Lancaster and in the disarmament commission actively.

Likewise 1923 became Robert Cecil president of the Völkerbundes and remained on this post up to its dissolution to 8. April 1946. In the successor organization, the United Nations, he was appointed honorary presidents on lifetime. Robert Cecil created 1923 the “League OF nation union “and was also their president from 1923 to 1945. 1938 expressed itself Robert Cecil against residents of Munich the agreement and the transfer of the Sudetenlandes to the German Reich . It died 1958.

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