Robert Menzies

Sir Robert Gordon Menzies (* 20. December 1894 in Jeparit, Victoria; † 15. May 1978 in Melbourne) was from 1939 to 1941 and from 1949 to 1966 prime ministers of Australia.

After the study of the jurisprudence at the university of Melbourne 1916 he worked of 1918 as a public prosecutor on the High Court OF Australia, from 1934 to 1939 as a prosecutor general. As a prominent member (presidency 1943) of the united Australian national party “United Australian party” (since 1949: Liberal a party, liberally) he officiated to party from 1939 to 1941 as a prime minister of Australia. Before it had managed Ministries since already 1934 to unite like the railway Ministry. It was it, the lady Millie Peacock after the death of its man Sir Alexander Peacock encouraged to stand as a candidate as a successor for its seat in parlament and draw thus as a first woman into the parliament of the Federal State Victoria.

From 1943 to 1949 Menzies was considered as a leader of the liberals opposition. Afterwards the proponent of a close co-operation with Great Britain and the USA became again prime ministers. 1963 appointed it the British queen Elizabeth II. to the “Sir “.

After one term of office of 17 years 1966 it solved it its designate successor Harold fetch , a pragmatic liberal economics and financial politician, which drowned after only one year term of office when bathing under completely not clarified circumstances in the Kelpgürtel of the seacoast. Menzies was not available any longer for an office assumption, so that John was successful fermenting clay/tone as a candidate.

literature

  • Bunting, Sir John, R.G. Menzies: A Portrait, all & Unwin, Sydney, 1988

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