Roger resounds to Sheaffe

Sir Roger resounds to Sheaffe Bt. (* 15. July 1763 in bad clay/tone, the USA; † 17. July 1851 in Edinburgh, Schottland) was a British officer and Kolonialadminstrator in Canada


Sir Roger resounds to Sheaffe

Roger resounds to Sheaffe became to 15. July 1763 in bad clay/tone as a third son of the collector of customs William Sheaffe and his Mrs. Susannah Child born. After the early death of its father Hugh Percy , the 1 took itself. Duke of Northumberland of its on, which took during the American war of independence in the economy accomodation operated by Rogers nut/mother. The duke sent the boys first to the Royal Navy, provided then however for his admission into a military academy in London, where he was a school fellow of its later superior George Prevost. The fortune and the Protektion of the duke permitted Sheaffe a fast ascent in the Royal Army, since this bought him the officer patents.

Sheaffe stepped 1778 as a wo1 into Northumberlands 5. Infantry regiment, served six years in Ireland, 1787 as a second lieutenant to Canada was shifted, was stationed there in different garrisons and came also with a diplomatic mission for an Indian trunk for the employment. 1795 it became a captain and came 1797 back to England. Still in the same year it acquired the rank of a major, 1798 a lieutenant colonel in 49. Infantry regiment, which under the command of Isaac break into . 1799 participated both in a campaign in Holland , 1800 received to Sheaffe the command over the regiment, in which it was however not very popular. Shifted after an employment in the Baltic Sea 1801 it together with break into to Canada, where it had its location in away George ( Niagara on the Lake) starting from the summer 1803. In August 1803 had it break into for striking down an initiating Meuterei in its garrison to assistance to get. Break into assumed the fact that the close border was to the USA the principal reason for the tried desertions blamed the commander in addition, for his excessive severity. Sheaffe, which break a small knowledge of human nature into subordinated, was certainly very unpopular with its soldiers. He justified himself later, the principal reason for the aversions is its origin from the USA, from which suspecting resulted, it is a traitor. Nevertheless it was promoted 1808 to Colonel, 1811 to the major general.

In July 1812, with beginning the war of 1812 with the USA, Sir George Prevost , which governor general of Canada, appointed it, into whom general staff for upper Canada subordinated and it thereby to Sir Isaac breaks into again, which held the supreme command there. There break yourself into at the border with Detroit stopped, in order to back-throw the invasion of American troops under Brigadier General William cladding, held Sheaffe on the Niagara - peninsula temporarily the supreme command. Due to an armistice closed between Prevost and the US commander in chief Henry Dearborn did not come it in this phase to fighting. Sheaffe locked a supplementary agreement , with which the transport of reinforcement and supply into the upper large ones seas was excluded with US major general Stephen Van Rensselaer. Thus it not possibly made it for the Americans to send reinforcement to Detroit. Prevost disapproved the agreement, accepted it however, in order not to expose Sheaffe before the Americans.

After running off the armistice at the beginning of of Septembers strove Sheaffe and break into, which had taken over again the command, around a reinforcement of the defense positions. In the morning 13. Octobers attacked the Americans. During break into on the battleground hurried, in order to take over the command, collected Sheaffe the British reserves and marched with these afterwards. The battle of Queenston Heights took first an unfavorable process, since it succeeded Van Rensselaers troops to form on the Canadian side Niagara of the River a bridgehead; Sir into Isaac break fell with a unsuccessful frontal counter attack on the US troops. Sheaffe took over thereupon, Indian a tactically brilliant flank attack on the US bridgehead led and smashed the command over the British troops him with only slight own losses together with a contingent. All US soldiers landed on the Canadian bank, about 1,000 men, came here into shank. Rightfully Sheaffe for this achievement received the title of nobility (Baronet), although in the public opinion Sir into Isaac break as the actual winner one saw. Was taken up critically however an armistice final of Sheaffe with the Americans, which was expanded from first three days since indefinite time and it the opponents permitted to reorganize their fastened troops.

After Brocks death began Sheaffe its follow-up as a military commander as well as president and civil administrator of upper Canada. It shifted therefore its seat into the province capital York, the today's Toronto. Sheaffe had substantial difficulties in view of the doubtful loyalty of parts of the population (multiple immigrants from the USA) and organizational lack in the civilian and military administration. As particularly difficult the supply of outguards proved such as Henry Procters positions with Detroit with supply. It was prevented in its efforts around the defense of the province also by health problems, why Prevost sent Colonels John Vincent to it as a deputy. In the winter 1812/1813 strove Sheaffe among other things over the building of ships, over the Americans the rule over the Ontariosee again to entreissen and around the list of Miliztruppen. Also its role as administrator of the province and its negotiations with the House OF assembly (parliament) of the colony were located in the indication of these military necessities.

Its war guidance was characterized by the fact that it remained strictly defensive and it - in conformity with the instructions Prevosts - avoided as far as possible to be received risks. The weakness it the available of the troops e.g. caused it to instruct to the commander from away Erie in case of a USA grasp the retreat instead of sending reinforcement into this exposed position. This militarily reasonable instruction damaged its reputation at officers and civilian population and gave the rumors, he was a traitor, new food. Its efforts toward a reinforcement of the attachments Yorks ended abruptly, as the Americans there to 27. April 1813 with support of a strong fleet contingent landed. In view of the large superiority of the opponent - by the heavy cannons of 14 ships supported 1,700 Americans could it only 700 soldiers and a handful against the Indian set - Sheaffe decided to give the city up. After a Nachhutgefecht it marched off and left it to the local Milizkommandeuren to hand York to the Americans over. Its way of acting was militarily meaningful, which also the American confirmed war Minister John Armstrong, which meant, Sheaffe had retaining its troops that of its location preferred, and in such a way „carried forward and left the core to us only the bowl “. Unfortunately for Sheaffe York was however the residence of numerous influential persons, who did not forgive it to the major general that it had left their place of residence to the enemy. Their criticism contributed substantially to terminate its career in Canada. The fact that it rejected it despite an authorization of Prevost to use for the enforcement of provisions supplies the martial law did not change anything in the animosity.

After the Americans had begun the retreat of the Niagara peninsula after humiliating defeats (battles with Beaver Dams and Stoney Creek) in the summer 1813, Prevost Sheaffe set off and replaced it to 19. June 1813 by major general Francis de Rottenburg. He justified this step thereby, which major general had „the confidence of the province by the measures lost, which it seized to their defense “. In addition, Sheaffe received first the command over the troops in the district from Montreal, in July 1813 was replaced here and on demand Prevosts to England recalled, where he returned in the November of this yearly. The exact reasons are unknown, but to him the governor general to inactivity and indifference had before in writing accused. Sheaffe had been surprised obviously in such a way these Degradierung renewed of that he could aufraffen himself only to a weak protest.

After its return to England Sheaffe in Penzance , Worcester finally lived and in Edinburgh, where he to 17. July 1851 died. An appointment was made into the general staff of the army 1814 again retrogressive, but received it still transports to the lieutenant general (1821) and general (1838).

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