|of these articles describes the US president Ronald Reagan, for information about the aircraft carrier designated after it sees USS Ronald Reagan (CVN-76).|
Ronald Wilson Reagan [ˈreɪgən] (* 6. February 1911 in Tampico, Illinois; † 5. June 2004 in Bel air, California) was an US-American actor, from 1967 - 1975 of the 33. Governor of California and of 1981 - 1989 of the 40. President of the United States.
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Ronald Reagan its father originated from ärmlichen conditions,an immigrant of Irish descent, pierced itself with opportunity jobs as a shoe salesman. The Highschool and the college he earned with needy scholarships and extra job, he studied himself apart from economic science and sociology also theatre sciences.
He learned already in earliest childhood the art thatLooking plaything, the improvisation and was a true master at the microphone.
As Sportkommentator for the broadcast in the Moines commentated it into the 1930er years baseball - plays only on the basis Tickermeldungen. 1934 are it also during a play of the SaintLouis Cardinals succeeded its, when the Tickerverbindung was occasionally completely torn off.
1937 received Reagan von Warner Brothers a filter annual contract for Hollywood. Reagan played approximately in the following two decades in more than fifty films with (see also below),from those most however as B-Movies apply. From 1947 to 1952 and from 1959 to 1960 he was a president of the actor trade union (SAY), what one can rate as beginning of its political commitment. After the end of its actor career he worked of 1954 to 1962 as hosts and advertising representatives of the weekly commercial General Electric theatre for the electrical company General Electric on the MCA television.
political working and retirement
US president shank
Ronald Reagan became 1962 member of the republican party, after he had been course-bent before rather the democrats. In the presidency election fight of 1964supported Reagan the candidate of the republicans, Barry Goldwater. In the speech for the support of Goldwater also its future program was visible, as it over the release from “millions of humans, enslaved behind the iron curtain” spoke.
Its employment appreciated California businessmen, by supporting Reagan with the choice to the governor 1966. Reagan supported the California economy, which took a considerable upswing in its term of office with his politics. Since it adjusted also the household of the California Federal State, was its re-election 1970 against Jesse balance spring no problem. During its term of office the protests increased in particular against the Viet Nam war in California in the universities. It answered to these protests, which were regarded of him and its surrounding field as unrests, with the help of the secret service CIA. Here z became. T. the fundamental rights guaranteed by the condition of the USA (additives 1-10 of the condition, which the so-called Bill OF Rights forms) repealed set. Likewise became the Pressefreiheit, the post office secret and other one the basis of a democraticSociety screen end of rights repealed set.
It did not place itself to a renewed re-election any longer, because it wanted to apply for the office for president. However it failed party-internally with its candidacy because of office holder Gerald Ford. With the presidency election it defeated 1980but 1980 the luckless acting president of the democrats, Jimmy Carter, and became to 20. January 1981 as 40. President of the United States swears in. Its vice-president became George Bush senior.
Its assumption of office released optimism in the economy . That Dollar and the share quotations rose. It lowered the taxes and appeared in the east west conflict as hard liner. At home it preached the ideals of the American family and the liberty.
to 30. March 1981 it becamewith an assassination attempt heavily hurts. John Hinckley, Jr. shot at Reagan, since it wanted to impress the young actress Jodie Foster. It wounded the press secretary James Brady, the Secret service with the assassination attempt Reagan, - agents Tim McCarthy and the policemanThomas Delanty. The assassin Hinckley was explained in June 1982 by a court in Washington for irresponsible and instructed into a psychiatric hospital.
Reagan took however few days later the office business. Reagan found in both parties trailers andit succeeded to it to bring its Reagonomics in such a way specified by the congress. Reagonomics was called: Lowering of taxes, simplification of the control system, fewer obstacles for the industry, cuts in the budget with social tasks, development of the military armament. An important principle behind its reforms was „the Trickle down theory “. Afterwards particularly are reductions of taxes for enterprises economiceconomics, since these then more invest and reduce so unemployment, which leads in the long run even to higher tax receipts (Laffer curve).
The reduction of taxes politics and the strong increase of the public expenditures, in particularfor armaments, however first unwanted effects showed: the US economy threatened itself to overheat, the inflation rate rose 1982 to 5,8 per cent. The Fed reacted to with increases in interest which led to a recession. Unemployment rose to twelve million, Unternehmensgewinne decreased/went back.But the economy recovered, unemployment sank and the inflation was again dammed. Nevertheless the budgetary deficit of the United States rose, particularly by the extreme military expenditure.
the foreign policy of Reagans was not only a policythe strength, but it was predominantly coined/shaped of his anticommunism. Reagan was convinced to want to lead the world to liberty and democracy. It could telegen and warm up with outstanding Rhetorik the hearts and feelings of many Americans that it those Soviet Union, which designated realm of the bad one” in such a way at that time from it “, ideologically and militarily to provoke and the Soviet-communist influence in the third world with all means would fight.
It gave the central condition up of the policy of detente, i.e. the approximate militaryEquality of the superpowers the USA and Soviet Union. Already in the election campaign it demanded an increase of the military expenditure. The moreover one was Reagan decided to co-operate in the third world with nearly each regime which stated from itself, communist to fight (S. Kirkpatrick doctrine).
A majority of the additional defence expenditure flowed into the so-called Strategic Defense initiative (SDI, called in the vernacular also “star Wars”), that at his time not realized, however under George W. Bush was seized. A goal of this program was it, thoseTo protect the USA from attacks of hostile atomic rockets and to waive thus the classical equilibrium of the fright to favour of the USA. Even if SDI became operational never, it led nevertheless in the Soviet Union to substantial disconcertion.
After Reagan in its first term of officea new round of the arms race had rung in, which could not follow the Soviet Union due to its economic difficulties in the long run any longer, started it in its second term of office several disarmament initiatives. Together with Gorbachev the reduction of the medium-range missiles was decided.
To which extent thoseReagan armements policy for the end of communism in Eastern Europe contributed, is disputed until, it today depends on the political attitude of the respective researchers and researcher inside. Safe it is anyhow that e.g. its in Eastern Bloc by radio Free Europe well-known speeches humanswith a new hope for change filled and Reagan until today by many one admires there.
With the official reason to fight to have the Reagan administration led the communist influence in Latin America over its entire term of office a covered war approximatelythe sandinistische government in Nicaragua. For of the CIA organized Contras former members of the feared national guard of Nicaragua were recruited. The financing took place via weapon businesses with Iran (see Iran versus affair ) and drug business< ref> William Bluem: Killing Hope - U.S. Militaryand CIA intervention sinks World was II Black rose Books, Montreal/New York/London, ISBN 1-55164-097-X, S.290-305< /ref>. In the versus war led from 1981-1990 to the terrorization of the Nicaraguan population became approx. 70% of the country destroy and approx. 60000 humans killed - mainly civilians< ref> universityHamburg:Nicaragua - versus war< /ref>. The USA became to 27. June 1986 of the international Court of Justice into the Hague for their direct and indirect military participation in the versus war for the completion of the “illegal use of force” against Nicaragua and payment of reparationscondemned< ref> internationally Court OF Justice:Case concerning military and paramilitary activities in and against Nicaragua 27. June 1986< /ref>. On the refusal of the USA the judgement to recognize the UN security council adopted a resolution which all states in addition called the international law to obey.The USA put their veto against the resolution< ref>Cunning OF UN Security Council resolution vetoed by the the USA, 1972 - 2002< /ref>.
American troops under the pretext of a Cuban intervention occupied 1983 to forestall the Karibik - island Grenada. ToTime of the invasion 784 Kubaner on Grenada, most of it were building workers in addition, physicians, nurses, teachers and 44 the military who can be assigned persons - data by several American and British journalists were confirmed ref Hugh according to data< of the Cuban> governmentO'Shaughnessy:Grenada: Revolution, invasion and Aftermath London 1984, S.15, 16.204< /ref>. Cuba actually from Maurice Bishop the Prime Minister Grenadas for military support asked leaned however due to fears the USA pretext to offer to be able off< ref> a Chris Searle: In Nobody's baking yard: MauriceTo Bishop's Speeches 1979-1983, London 1984, see Bishops speech of 13. April 1979< /ref>. For the invasion under the code name operation Urgent Fury were 7000 marine in the use. After one week the fights ended with the result of 84 dead Kubanern,135 Americans and approx. 400 Grenadiern. The invasion was condemned with exception of the military dictatorships Chile , Guatemala and Uruguay by all countries of Latin America. The UN security council tuned to 28. October 1983 with large majority for a resolution in that the US invasiona glaring injury of international right and the heavy regret of the UN was called was expressed< ref>U.S. VETOES U.N. RESOLUTION “DEPLORING” GRENADA INVASION New York Time, 29. October 1983< /ref>. The USA put immediately their veto against the resolution< ref>SubjectsOF UN Security Council Vetoes< /ref>. Ronald Reagons answer to the resolution read: One dog-talk nation into the UN have emergency agreed with US on just about everything that's come before them where we're involved, and it didn't upset myBREAK nearly RK all.<ref> New York Time, 4. November 1983, S.6< /ref>
With the presidency election 1984 Ronald Reagan reached its re-election clearly against the democratic candidate, of Jimmy Carter former vice-president walter Mondale. 1985 and 1986 met Reagan with the SovietSecretary-General Mikhail Gorbatschow to disarmament negotiations under the designation START (Strategic of arm Reduction of talc). But these did not advance first. 1987 however it could sign the contract with Gorbachev for the abolishment of the American and Soviet Mittelstreckenrakreten in Europe. To 12. June1987 gave a up-shaking speech to Reagan of a wooden frame, which had been developed before the check plants of the citizens of Berlin wall at the breaking citizen gate, in which he requested Gorbachev “Come here ton this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, teardown this barrier! “. At the same time prominent German politicians accepted the GDR as given and saw a German reunification as rather unrealistically; in the media Reagan was then generally dismissed as a bare actor. On interior and criticism with regard to foreign policyweapon supplies of the USA pushed in Iran and Nicaragua. An American commission of inquiry reprimanded the president. Several leading officials had to give their positions up (see Iran versus affair).
its last years
Ronald Reagan well-known itself in November 1994 in a personal letter to population of US to briefly before the Alzheimer illness diagnosed with it. Afterwards it only sporadically in the media mentioned, usually went it around the degradationits condition. Still until 1998 it visited regularly its office in Ronald Reagan Presidential LIBRARY in Simi Valley, California, where it worked at least still in the initial stage of its illness on different projects. Later it suffered with a falla Hüftbruch, from which he could recover amazingly fast however despite its high age. The influence of its illness had however so far progressed last that it was not any more able to settle fundamental activities themselves.
to 5. June 2004 died Ronald Reagan at 13.09 o'clock local time at home in Bel air, California, at the age of 93 years at a pneumonia, so the white house. It separated exactly one day beforethat 60. Anniversary of the D-Day and left three children (Michael, Patti Davis and Ron; its daughter Maureen had already died 2001 at cancer). Its body became in a large ceremony in the Kapitol of Washington D.C. on a Katafalk aufgebahrtand later buried in California in for it the established Ronald Reagan Presidential LIBRARY. With 93 years it achieved the so far highest age of a president of the USA and overhauled thereby John Adam, who had become 91 years old. Besideshe was with 70 years an oldest president with assumption of office.
Reagan belonged to the US citizens, after whom during their lifetimes a US warship was designated. Also the national airport in Washington D.C.and the rocket defense station on the Air Force base Vandenberg is afterit designated.
national indebtedness under Reagan
at the end of of 1980, i.e. with the taking office by Ronald Reagan, the national indebtedness of the USA amounted to 930 billion dollar. Under Reagan it climbed to at the end of of 1988 on 2.6 trillion dollar. That is inRise of 13,7% per annum. Altogether the national indebtedness rose under Reagan by 1.67 trillion dollar.
|Wikiquote: Ronald Reagan - quotations|
- Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this barrier!
(Mr. Gorbatschow, you open this gate! Mr. Gorbatschow,tear this wall !).
It coined/shaped also the term Empire OF Evil (realm of the bad one) for the USSR, in a speech before the British House of Commons, George W. Bush with the Axis OF Evil (Axle of the bad one) in easily modified form revived.
- My fellow Americans, I at pleased tons tell you the I just signed legislation which outlaws Russiamore forever. The bombing begins into five minutes.
(Love American fellow citizens, I is pleased to be able to communicate to you that I signed a straight law, Russia always forbids. Bombardment begins in five minutes.)
rather amusingly is this utterance,the Reagan so quite at the end to his office period of itself gave:
“Ketchup is a vegetable. “
- memories. An American life. Propyläen, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-54907-227-9
- Tony Thomas: Ronald Reagan and itsFilms (OT: The of film OF Ronald Reagan). Goldmann, Munich 1981, ISBN of 3-442-10215-4
more important its over 50 films - besides it turned TV-films and some series episodes in one period of approximately 25 years also -, are (in parentheses: Director):
- 1937: Love is on the air
- 1939: Dark Victory, dt.: Victim large loving (Edmund Goulding)
- 1940: Santa Fe Trail, dt.: Country that God lots (Michael Curtiz)
- 1942:Kings Row (SAM Wood)
- 1942: Desperate Jourbey, dt.: Order for sabotage Berlin (Raoul Walsh)
- 1947: The Voice OF the Turtle (Irving RWSby)
- 1949: The Hasty Heart, dt.: Counted hours
- of 1964: The killer,dt.: The death of a killer (Don seal)
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|NAME||Reagan, Ronald Wilson|
|ALTERNATIVE NAME||Ronald Reagan|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||of US-American actors, 33.Governor of California, 40. President of the USA|
|DATE OF BIRTH||6. February 1911|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Tampico, Illinois, the USA|
|DYING DATE||5. June 2004|
|DYING PLACE||Bel air, Los Angeles, California, the USA|