Rotmilan (Milvus milvus)
Class: Birds (Aves)
order: Grab birds (Falconiformes)
family: Habichtartige (Accipitridae)
kind: Milane (Milvus)
kind: Rotmilan
scientific name
Milvus milvus
Linnaeus, 1758

the Rotmilan (Milvus milvus), also red Milan or Gabelweihe mentioned, is grab bird a kind from the family of the Habichtartigen (Accipitridae).

Table of contents


of the Rotmilan is 61 to 72 cm largely and has a wingspan of 140 to 180 cm. It is larger thereby than a Mäusebussard, is however not not so compact, but works clearly slimmer. In the flight it is unmistakable, because it has a deeply gegabelten tail, with which it balanced, so that often the red-brown color of the tail lights up. Because of the forking it is called also “Gabelweihe”, Milane is however its own kind and not with the consecrations to be arranged. The remainder of the body is reddish-brown-grey speckled, the head is central to light-grey. The hakenförmige bill is yellow with black point. Rotmilane are elegant fliers, them sails gladly and play with the wind. The call resembles the complaining sound of the Mäusebussards.

spreading and habitat

the circulation area of the red Milans are limited to the western Paläarktis and been enough from Great Britain to white Russia. It is most frequent in Spain, in the south of France as well as in Germany. Within Germany it is most frequent in Saxonia-Anhalt and Hessen, it is missing in Germany only in the extreme northwest. Central European Rotmilane is migratory birds, them winters particularly in southwest Europe.

Open, loosened up culture landscapes with individual field wood are the preferential life and hunt areas. Usually in proximity of larger waters.


Rotmilane nourish themselves mainly of carrion. Gather ill and dead fish of the water surface and of the bank and hunt for other grab birds your booty off. Small soil animals such as Amphibians, reptiles and young birds strike them.

reproduction and raising of the boys

in spring start the Balzflüge (dive from large height on the refuge down) over the breeding district. The nests are in large height in trees, mostly in hardwood forests. Are put to 3 to 4 eggs. The breeding time amounts to 32, the Nestlingszeit 50 days. Old birds carry food for the boys in a periphery of 10 km to the refuge. Milane line their refuge after the oviposition gladly with rags and paper, however also with evil-smelling materials, like dried Kuhfladen.


the Rotmilan was in Germany bird of the yearly 2000.


  • Theodor Mebs; Grab birds of Europe - biology - inventory conditions - inventory endangerment Franckh cosmos publishing house Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-440-06838-2
  • Benny Génsbol, roll ago Thiede; Grab birds - all European kinds, regulation characteristics, flight pictures, biology, spreading, endangerment, inventory development, BLV publishing house Munich, 1997, ISBN 3-405-14386-1

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