Roy Jenkins

Roy Harris Jenkins, baron Jenkins OF Hillhead COM, PC (* 11. November 1920 in Abersychan, Wales; † 5. January 2003) was a British politician and author.


born as a son of a functionary that national union OF Mineworkers (NUM) and parliament delegate was trained Roy Jenkins to the Abersychan County School. After the study of the policies and economic science at the Balliol college in Oxford and its military service with the Royal Artillery and in Bletchley park was Roy Jenkins from 1948 to 1977 for the labour party of delegates in the British House of Commons. First he had striven in vain 1945 for a mandate in the constituency Solihull, until to him the choice in Southwark succeeded to 1948. It already changed 1950 into the constituency Stetchford, Birmingham, which it kept until 1977.

From 1955 to 1957 it was member of the advisory meeting of the Council of Europe and the meeting of the Western European union. As chairman of the European committee of a its party and president of the British advice of the European movement he exerted himself for the EEC entry of Great Britain. Roy Jenkins was then from 1977 to 1981 a first British commission president of the EEC. From 1970 to 1972 it was deputy chairmen of the labour party.

He dressed different offices for Minister in the British government, from 1964 to 1965 was he a aviation Minister, from 1965 to 1967 Ministers of State in the ministry of the Interior and afterwards to 1970 Chancellors of the Exchequer. From 1974 to 1976 he was then again a Minister of State in the ministry of the Interior. In its term of office as Ministers of State in the ministry of the Interior he had responsibility for the reform of the legislation to abortion, Homosexualität, the divorce and the censorship. As a successor of James Callaghan as Chancellors of the Exchequer it operated the devaluation British Pound in November 1967.

1981 withdrew Jenkins from the labour party and based together with David Owen, Bill Rodger and Shirley Williams the Social Democratic party SDP, whose chairman became he. Already after one year tried Owen to replace Jenkins as chairmen of the party which finally succeeded to it at the choice disappointing for the SDP 1983. From 1982 to 1987 Jenkins of SDP delegates was in the House of Commons for the constituency Glasgow Hillhead.

After its collection into the nobility Jenkins belonged to the upper house, in which he worked Democrats as a leader of the parliamentary group that liberally until 1997. 1997 it was appointed to the point of the commission designated after him, that should develop a right to vote reform. Their suggestion was not carried out up to its death.


1945 married Jenkins Jennifer Morris.

Roy Jenkins was active also as an author and published 19 books, under it biographies of William Gladstone (1995) and vienna clay/tone Churchill (2001). 1987 were ordered Jenkins to the chancellor of the University of Oxford.

To 20. November 1987 was raised Roy Jenkins by award of the title baron Jenkins OF Hillhead OF Pontypool into the County OF Gwent into the not-paled nobility (Peer would run).

The city Aachen lent Jenkins, which spoke distinguished German, in the year 1972 the Karl price.

Jenkins died 2003 at a cardiac infarct.


  • Gladstone. - London: Macmillan, 1995. - ISBN 0333602161 (Whitbread price for biography 1995)


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