|of these articles treats the war navy of Great Britain, for which royal navy of other states see: Royal navy.|
Under the island situation the British war navy in the history of the country always played a large role. That applies both with the defense and to imperialistic expansion in the context British of the Empire. The Royal Navy covered in January 2005 101 warships as well as 76 auxiliary and supply ships. On the tonnage it is based the second largest navy of the world behind US Navy.
table of contents
HMS = carries
prefix of the ships all warships of the Royal Navy ago as a name component ( ship prefix) (and/or. His) Majesty's Ship. The auxiliary ships form the Royal fleet Auxiliary service and lead the prefix RFA. Additionally there is the Royal navy Auxilliary service, thatsimilar tasks as the RFA notices, however predominantly within the British territorial waters active is. These ships carry the additive RMAS.
the 4 troop units of the Royal Navy
the Surface fleet
the Surface fleet consists of the surface federations of the RoyalNavy. It forms the largest part of the British navy. Altogether the Surface fleet contains about 80 ships. In addition aircraft carrier, amphibious landing ships, destroyer , frigates , patrol ships, research ships and minesweepers belongs.
of the submarines service covers the submarines thatRoyal Navy. Great Britain sets here completely on nuclear-powered submarines. 11 SSN and 4 SSBN of submarines is current in the service. A subsection is the submarines Rescue service (SRS). This is for the rescue and/or. Salvage of had an accident submarines responsibly and applies beside the USA asworld-wide prominently in this area. The SRS is equipped with several LR5 rescue submarines as well as remote controlled dipping robots of the type Scorpio.
the fleets air arm
the fleets air arm of the Royal Navy consist of the airplanes and helicopters. The number of aircraft became sinceCenter of the 1990er strongly reduces, since many airplanes and helicopter were assigned to the other branches of service , Royal air Force and British Army. The fleets air arm covers 2005:
- 26 Sea Harrier FA2 of combat aircraft
- 12 Hawk T1 of combat aircraft
- 9 Jetstream a training flight witness
- 44 Merlin EH-101 helicopter
- 60 Sea King helicopter
- 48 Sea Lynx helicopter
- 6 super Lynx helicopter
- 9 Gazelle helicopter
Royal marine (RM)
major item: Royal marine
the Royal marine are the British naval infantry. They consist of approx. 7,000 soldiers. Their task lies in particular in the preparation andExecution of land operations. For this marine of landing boats and helicopters are to the Royal at the disposal. Additionally they belong to the few units world-wide, which have Landungshovercrafts. After their model the USA develop those US-marine, with which the Royal marine until today is closely connected. Special one Folders of the Royal marine exist besides in the Netherlands and Australia. These can be subordinated to the British military in the Kriegsfall.
To the Royal marine belongs also the special-purpose force Special Boat service (SBS). The SBS became during 2. World war together with that thatSpecial air service subordinated army based. The major tasks are appropriate for preparing landing operations as well as sabotage in operating behind the hostile lines. Also in the anti-terror fight the SBS is used. Due to its secret activities the existence of the SBS in 1990er became years of the British Ministry of Defensedenied. This very day no official data concerning SBS of employments and soldiers are given.
ports of the Royal Navy
- Portsmouth in Südengland is the most important port of the Royal Navy. Here are stationed all British aircraft carriers , destroyer and minesweepers as well as a part of the frigates.Also the Antarctic research ship HMS Endurance and several patrol boats are resident in Portsmouth. Besides are here the headquarters of the Royal Navy as well as the submarine training center Gosport.
- Devonian haven with Plymouth resident among other things the majority of the frigates, the helicopter carrier HMS Ocean and the new landing ships that Albion class. Also the submarines of the Trafalgar class are stationed in Devonian haven. Devonian haven the largest naval basis of Europe is surface moderate.
- Faslane on Clyde in Scotland is the headquarters of the strategic armed forces and the largest submarine port of Europe. Here the British nuclear-powered submarines of the Vanguard class as well as the Swiftsure class are stationed. Into the basis bordering base Coulport those are stored nuclear-powered submarine as well as a majority of the conventional weapons.
- Rosyth with Edinburgh is the most important British base for maintenance, repair and modernization of warships. In addition all superseded British nuclear-powered submarines are disposed there. In the course of the cost reduction becomesthe basis since the 1990ern claimant by the private company Babcock BES, is however further official naval base. As maintenance mechanism Rosyth does not have a permanent fleet. However several patrol boats are generally stationed for the monitoring of the Scottish territorial waters on the basis.
The Royal Navy maintains besidessmaller fleet bases in the crowning colony Gibraltar, on the Falklandinseln and in Brunei. The British base Diego Garcia in the Indian ocean is used together with the USA. Also on Cyprus two British bases, which are used by the navy, exist Akrotiri and Dhekelia.
air bases of the Royal Navy
- RNAS Yeovilton in Somerset was basis for the Sea Harrier of the Royal Navy and is basis for the helicopters of the type Sea Lynx . The Royal Navy regards here together with that British Army of air forces as the employmenton helicopter and aircraft carriers ready. Additionally the Navy trains new generation pilots here and accomplishes regular maneuvers with the other armed services. In addition here all helicopter crews of the British armed forces train the crash over the sea, in a European-wide singular underwater simulator.
- RAF Cottesmore is since April 2006 alsoBase of the Navy Harrier. The Joint Force Harrier stationed there sits down from 2 relays each of RAF (1. and 4. Sqn) and RN (800. and starting from autumn 2006 801. Sqn) together. By both armed services uniformly Harrier GR.7/GR.9 are used.
- RNAS Culdrose is Base for helicopters for submarine the defense as well as air and sea-monitoring. Also Sea King helicopter for sea-rescue missions (SAR) are here stationed. Nimrod sea-reconnaissance aircraft support besides the helicopter employments. Also training mechanisms are present on the base.
standing Naval Forces
standing Naval Forces (SNF) are small naval forces continuously in a limited range the monitoring and control tasks notice. Great Britain sets these both for the protection of its overseasTerritories as also on behalf of NATO and UN . In all rule individual British standing covers a Naval Force 2 to 5 ships, among them frigates, destroyers, patrol boats and supply ships. In some cases are added still submarines as well as airplane or helicopter carriers. The ships and crewschange normally every 6 months, occasionally can the employments in addition, on 12 months be extended. Insisted in January 2005 standing Naval Forces in the north and south Atlantic, the Karibik, the Mediterranean, Persian Gulf, in the Indian ocean as well as on the Falklandinseln. The before times in terms of figures largest SNF, the so-called.Ocean Wave fleet in the Pacific, was given up to a large extent with the return of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China 1997. It covered ships, which were particularly between China, Korea and Indonesia in use up to 20. Great Britain takesthese tasks only sporadically truely. The Royal Navy is there today usually replaced by warships of Australia and the USA.
|admiralty of the Royal Navy|
| admiral OF the fleet |
| admiral |
| Vice admiral |
| Rear admiral |
|hierarchythe officer corps of the Royal Navy|
| Commodore |
| Captain |
| COMM other |
lieutenant COMM other
| LtCdr |
| Lt |
| SLt |
| OF-6 |
|of the Royal Navy Warrant Officer|
| Class 1 WOI Warrant |
| Class 2 WOII Chief |
| Officer CPO avoided |
|Petty Officer |
| leading rate |
|von Ähren did not border new|
|Entrant OR-3/OR-2 OR-1|
| a badge no ||badge [ |
|to king crown of crew degrees||of the Royal|
1. The two highest NCO ranks of the Royal Navy are the Warrant OfficerClass 1 and 2. The badges are the royal crown (WOII) and the royal coat of arms (WOI).
2. Since that 1. April 2004 exists the rank Warrant of the Officer Class 2 in the Royal Navy. Before it this position of the rank became load Chief PettyOfficer (CCPO), which was likewise over the Chief Petty Officer settled, filled out. During the introduction of the WOII all CCPO was carried into this rank.
3. The Commodore is a name for an serve-older Captain, bound at the service posts, which is void after leaving the service post again.He is not however member of the admiralty.
4. The rank admiral OF the fleet (OF-10) 1995 was not no more lent. It is today reserved for times of the war or can be lent honour for the sake of.
acquaintance of ships of the Royal Navy
- HMS Ark Royal - flagship with sinking the battle ships Bismarck
- HMS Victory - admiral Nelson 's flagship.
- HMS Bounty
- HMS Endeavour - first Südseexpedition under Captain Cook
- HMS Endurance of the ice-breakers of the Royal Navy (Bez.: A171)
- HMS Hood - became from the German Battle ship Bismarck destroys
- HMS Beagle - transported Charles Darwin on its journey.
- HMS Dreadnought - the first modern battle ship of the world
- HMS resolution - the first submarine of the resolution class
- HMS Hercules
- HMS Manchester
- HMS Nelson
- HMS Warrior
- HMS Duke OF York - takes part in thatSinking the crowd refuge
- HMS Exeter - which was heavy cruisers taken part in the battle in the Rio de la Plata.
- HMS Prince OF Wales
- HMS Courageous
- HMS Royal Oak - which became battle ship sunk by U-47 in Scapa flow by torpedoes.