Broadcast of the GDR

the broadcast of the GDR produced the radio broadcasting programs in the former GDR. Seat of the GDR broadcast was from 1956 to 1990 the radio house Nalepastrasse in Berlin upper beautiful pasture.

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transmitters

in the 80's-years would send the broadcast on five stations within the GDR:

  • Radio GDR 1 - realigning and maintenance programs
  • radio GDR 2 - culture and education programs, in the morning regional programs
  • citizen of Berlin broadcast - regional transmitters for the capital
  • DT64 - youth radio
  • voice of the GDR - for German-speaking listeners outside of the GDR
  • holidays wave (vacation program for the Baltic Sea region, would send only during the holidays season between May and September)
  • fair wave (multicolored, west oriented program during the Leipziger fair, ever one week in March and September)

to it came Auslandsender RBI:

the following transmitters were combined 1971 to the voice of the GDR:

foreign secret transmitter (1971 and/or. '72 adjusted):

history

establishment to 1960

the first radio ending in the Soviet zone of occupation (SBZ) became already few days after end of war to 13. May 1945 from the old citizen of Berlin broadcast building in the Masurenallee (starting from July British sector, late seat of the former SFB) radiated. Commander of city Nikolai Bersarin had to 10. May the resumption ordered. Bersarin acted after a resolution of the Soviet military administration (SMAD) of 8. May. The citizen of Berlin broadcast went with the words “speaks Berlin” here on transmission. Responsible for the program was the kp functionary Hans meal under control of the SMAD, belonging to the group Ulbricht.

1952 were formed the national broadcast committee (with a special directorship range German television radio) as the highest central line organ of all transmitters. Seat of the GDR broadcast was the radio house Nalepastrasse in Berlin upper beautiful pasture, established again for this purpose.

Annual transmission hours of 1965-1989

the 60's until 80's-years

three weeks after the building of the citizens of Berlin wall, to 5. September 1961 began the intensified ideological bulkheading against the “ox heads”. The FDJ started the action “lightning versus NATO transmitters “, by convinced young socialists on west receipt turned broadcast roof antennas were turned or destroyed either on east receipt.

To the tasks GDR broadcast belonged also disturbing unpleasant transmissions from the west. Concerned of it was above all the RIAS, whose frequencies on central and long wave up to the entry into force Geneva wave plan of the 1978 were made inaudible by a network spanning the entire GDR of small jammers.

The number of transmission hours rose in particular end of the 1980-he 1980. A reason for it is among other things the start of DT64 as independent program.

after November 1989

after the collapse of the GDR the transmitters were renamed, diminished personnel and the transmit mode on basis of the convention over the broadcast in united Germany to 31. December 1991 adjusted.

The pool of broadcasting corporations around the two East German institutes ORB (2003 with the SFB to the RBB fused) and MDR extended. In sound broadcasting West Berlin transmitter (RIAS 1) originated in to 1994 the Germany radio Berlin from the fusion of former Ostberliner ( DS culture) and (today: Germany radio culture).

The archives material of the GDR broadcast is administered today by German broadcast archives (DRA) at the location Babelsberg.

production numbers

year 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1988 1989
transmission hours word 32,217 36,866 32,479 35,435 38,221 46,033 48,428
transmission hours of music 31,499 31,131 29,706 31,583 33,804 48,112 48,953
transmission hours of entire 63,716 67,997 62,185 67,018 72,025 94,145 97,381
Durchschn. /Woche 1,222 1,304 1,193 1,282 1,381 1,800 1,868

broadcast of the former Soviet Union

the former Soviet Union “radio Volga” a russischsprachiges program radiated for the Soviet troops on the long wave frequency, stationed in the GDR, 261 kilohertz (kHz) under the designation. On the medium wave frequency the foreign service would send 1323 kHz. Transmission mechanisms, which were shared also by the broadcast of the GDR and like these by the former German post office were operated, in castle ( long wave) and Wiederau ( medium wave) were used.

Over small transmitters also the first program of the Soviet television at the military locations was radiated. The range was limited, similarly as with AFN - TV in the Federal Republic. The transmitters were switched off until 1994.

Starting from January 1989 for the foreign service of the high-power transmitters in Wachenbrunn one used. The transmitter “radio Volga “was switched off after the departure of the Soviet troops, the long wave frequency took over - up to the operating its position at the beginning of of 2000 - Radioropa info. A German-language program is planned from Europe 1 to 261 kHz in digitally the radio Mondiale - mode to radiate on this frequency from the location Reesen with castle. The high-power transmitter in Wachenbrunn, which is today property of the German Telekom, is used further from the Russian foreign service to the spreading of its programs in the medium-wave band. In the meantime there is still another second, however achievement-weaker medium-wave transmitter in Zehlendorf with Oranienburg.

literature

  • Klaus Arnold and. Christoph Classen (Hrsg.): Between Pop and propaganda. Radio in the GDR. Berlin: CH. Left, 2004. ISBN 3-86153-343-X
  • Sibylle Bolik: The radio play in the GDR. Frankfurt [among other things]: Long, 1994. ISBN 3-631-46955-1
  • Patrick Conley: Feature and reports in the broadcast of the GDR. Clay/tone carrier listing 1964-1991. 2. Aufl. Berlin: Askylt, 1999. ISBN 3-9807372-0-9
  • Wolfgang Mühl Benninghaus: “Broadcast in the SBZ/DDR.” In: Broadcast politics in Germany, Bd. 2. Munich: dtv, 1999. S. 795-873. ISBN 3-423-30714-5
  • Ingrid Pietrzynski (treatment): The record of GDR sound broadcasting. An inventory summary. Potsdam-Babelsberg: DRA, 2002. ISBN 3-926072-99-7
  • Ingrid Scheffler (Hg.): Literature in GDR sound broadcasting. Günter Kunert - bitter fields way - radio feature. Konstanz: UVK, 2005. To ISBN 3-89669-478-2

see also

television of the GDR, list of culture-creative in the GDR

Web on the left of

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)