up to 5.109 m high East Africa niche Ruwenzori mountains (also Ruvenzori or Rwenzori called), are directly on the border of the democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda. The name “Ruwenzori” comes of to the language on ugandischer side of the residents Bakonjo and is called as much as „Regenmacher “.
|type:||Rift flank mountains|
|of countries:||DR the Congo and Uganda|
|national park:||Rwenzori Mountains national park|
|length/width:||120 km/50 km|
|highest mountain:||Margherita peak; 5,109 m over NN|
|of places:||Away portal, Kasese, Kasindi, Kilembe|
|characteristic 1:||The third-highest collection of Africa contains|
|characteristic 2:||World nature inheritance (UNESCO - 1994)|
table of contents
the Ruwenzori mountains, which are called partly also „moon mountains “, is appropriate partly within the Rwenzori Mountains national park for about 40 km north the equator and directly east extremely elongated East Africa niches of the Grabenbruchs in the Western rift, the western branch of the Grabenbruchs, between the Albert lake in the north and the Eduard lake in the south. Somewhat west continues to close on the other side of the ditch evenly specified and/or. behind the there mountains the Congo basin on. In the east the area falls to the George lake and/or. Eduard lake and high country from Uganda, on which the Viktoriasee lies. The high central part of the Ruwenzori mountains, lies mainly in Uganda; the highest Ruwenzori summit, the Margherita peak (5,109 m over NN), is exactly on the border to the democratic Republic of the Congo.
Rwenzori Mountains national park
The Rwenzori Mountains national park covers the central part of the Ruwenzori mountains, to which under others its sumptuous rain forests and the Batian belong. Purpose 996 km ² of the large national park is it to protect and to retain for the future the below mentioned landscape and the Flora and fauna at the Ruwenzori.
southwest Uganda hundreds the kilometer removed for mountain massifs Kilimandscharo (898.5 km; southeast) and Mount Kenya (810 km; east) the Ruwenzori mountains with the Margherita peak accommodate the third-highest collection of Africa. It is at the same time also the most powerful of these and in addition the third mountains of the continent, whose highest summit regions are strongly vergletschert, although it lies in the tropical-hot regions. Beside these glaciers the rocky mountains Firn accommodate - and snow fields, rapid mountain rivers, wonderful mountain lakes and an extremely sumptuous vegetation, which change into the deeper mountain regions into the jungle-like rain forest.
the Ruwenzori mountains is a geological characteristic, because a break develops here within a continental plate. Thus ditch formed for the East Africa niche as part of the large African Grabenbruchs. The East Africa plate departs per year around approximately two cm from the remaining continent, so that the ditch becomes ever broader. The Ruwenzori mountains were raised nevertheless with the emergence of this volcanically and tectonically active Grabenbruchs in at least two phases from präkambrischen rocks as refuge. Before approximately eight and before three million years there were in the African ditch a strong volcanic activity and strengthen elevation processes, probably caused by a coat dia. jetty. Also the Ruwenzori mountains developed.
the Greek mathematician, geo count and astronomer Ptolemäus brought the legendary moon mountains to birth in the first century after Christi on the maps at that time, in which it located the sources of the Nile. To in 19. Century were this component of the Africa maps in the heart of Africa. Although the identity of the moon mountains with the Ruwenzori mountains is disputed today, there are nevertheless amazing parallels between the descriptions of the Ptolemäus and the conditions of the Ruwenzori. Actually however one of the supplies of Nile in the Ruwenzori mountains rises also at least.
The ice-covered Ruwenzori mountains became of Henry M. Stanley for the western world „discovers “. This was from 1889 to 1890 during an expedition on the search for the sources of the Nile, led by it. It sighted the mountain chain from approximately 100 km distance. In this connection also still major Gaetano Casati is called, which discovered the mountains already four months before Stanley.
When in the 1970ern and 1980ern the feared Idi amine and Milton Apollo Obote spread its fright rule in Uganda, and, was not not possible it sank to Uganda with them in a long civil war to visit the country and thus the main part of the mountains. Only since the final end of the civil war one can bereisen Uganda again and explore thus the eastern Ruwenzoris.
the Ruwenzori mountains, which are broad about 120 km long and 50 km, subdivides itself in the center, which is broad from north to south about 50 km long and from east to west about 40 km, into several partial mountains; according to the height this is sorted: Stanley, Speke, Baker, Luigi di Savoia and Portal. These summit regions consist for their part of independent summits, of which the highest - as previously mentioned - with 5.109 m of the Margherita is peak (Stanley), which by 5,050 m a high comb with the second highest mountain - Alexandra peak (5,091 m) - is connected. Over the summit of the Margherita peak runs the border of the DR the Congo and Uganda. Almost all summits of the central massif, from which nearly everything lies itself in Uganda (see below) to rule, above the snow border; as previously mentioned, most are easily and vergletschert starting from 4.800 m height strongly that below mentioned mountains starting from approximately 4,500 m height.
Partial mountains of the Ruwenzori mountains - they subdivide themselves according to the height sorted in such a way:
- Stanley (also Mount Stanley or Stanley plateau called):
- Margherita peak (5,109 m) - its height is numbered partly also on 5.110 m, 5,119 m or 5,120 m; its summit is exactly on the border of the DR the Congo and Uganda
- Alexandra (5,091 m) - DR the Congo
- Albert (5,087 m) - DR the Congo
- Möbius (4,918 m) - Uganda
- Savoia (4,977 m) - Uganda
- Wasuwamesu (4,462 m) - DR the Congo
- Speke (also Mount Speke or Speke plateau called):
- Vittoria Emanuele (4,890 m) - Uganda
- John clay/tone (4,834 m) - Uganda
- Baker (also Mount Baker or Baker plateau called):
- Edward (4,842 m) - Uganda
- Semper (4,794 m) - Uganda
- Wollaston (4,626 m) - Uganda
- moorlands (4,623 m) - Uganda
- Luigi di Savoia (also Mount Luigi di Savoia or Luigi those Savoia Plateau called):
- Sella (4,627 m) - Uganda
- pointing man (4,620 m) - Uganda
- Stairs (4,545 m) - Uganda
- portal peak (also Mount portal peak or portal peak plateau called):
- Kihuma (4,391 m) - Uganda
- Middle portal (4,545 m) - Uganda
- Rutara (4,280 m) - Uganda
the mountain landscape is from many small ways pulled through, which into the rain forest - humid areas to overcome usually only with difficulty are; local resident leaders help thereby these mostly steep ways, which often elongated mud runways same and by the Dickicht (Unterholz, Gestrüpp, Buschwerk and high trees) to lead to overcome and be available the local carriers for the transport of the equipment. In the lower mountain regions the ways in a thought out system lead often only as dead ends to the loam huts of the plan day workers, only few paths, the part of this system are, lead by the labyrinth jungles up into the summit regions. Climbing paths and - would rise lead up to the summits. Very good condition, suitable equipment and patience are the minimum requirements, in order to concern a climbing of the summits. Because not only due to the high air humidity (see below with to climate), which particularly in the deeper areas of the mountains prevails, but also because of the tropical heat, which arises in the deeper mountain regions, all the accompanying wetness, and the cold weather, which govern on the summits, is a climbing of the Ruwenzori summits an extremely exerting venture: Inclusive Akklimatisation should be taken into account for it about 8 to 10 days. In order to avoid after this acclimatizing the elevator illness, should per day and/or. Stage only small elevator differences to be overcome.
- kit and era lakes (4,027 m)
- Lake Bujuku (approx. 3,500 m)
- Lake Vert (4,300 m)
- Butawu - develops from the kit and era lakes and/or. from its glacier world
Flora and fauna
under the damp-hot climate did not only develop in the lower regions of the mountain world a singular Flora, in which uncounted plant types prosper. Many of them point a splendourful stature up it become mostly larger than elsewhere. Also the degree of coverage of the soil with plants is enormous. The forest border is only in approximately 3,700 to 4,000 m height.
- of ferns
- heath herb - up to approx. 8 m highly
- groundsel - tree high, here Senecio nivalis
- of coconuts
- Lobelien - up to approx. 2 m highly, here for example Lobelia wollastonii
- Tussock grass
in the mountain world live thousands of animal species, which partly penetrate into the summit regions. The Eduard lake, thus at the southern Ausläufern of the Ruwenzori mountains became northern end 19. Century for the first time the Okapi sighted and/or. discovered.
- African elephant
- of shrub supports
- long-tailed monkeys
- of giant forest pigs
- stub ape
- of African buffalos
in the Ruwenzori mountains is itself a hardly comparable climate forwards, by a very high humidity (up to 100%) and by large amounts of precipitation with almost all climatic and/or. Vegetation zones distinguishes, so that the mountain-slopes often transform into malicious mud slides. Because it rains on approximately 300 days per year and the evaporation precipitates under the warm upwinds very strongly, the mountains are mostly coated of clouds. Humid one to - hot weather prevails in the deeper areas forwards and rather icy-damp cold weather on the summits.
if it politischeh the situation in the democratic Republic of the Congo and in Uganda permits, enjoys the region around the Ruwenzori mountains and the Rwenzori Mountains national park with adventure-looking for tourists and nature friends of large popularity. Many tourists come also to mountain pastes at the Ruwenzori.
these places are in or approximately around the Ruwenzori mountains
- away portal - larger place in the northeast - Uganda
- Ibanda - small place in the eastern mountains - Uganda
- Kasese - larger place in the east - Uganda
- Kasindi - larger place in the south - the Congo
- Kilembe - larger place in the east - Uganda
- Mutwanga - place in the western mountains - the Congo
Web on the left of
coordinates: 0° 23 ' N, 29° 54 ' O