Saxonian Switzerland

Saxonian Switzerland is the German part of the Elbsandsteingebirges and lies river upward from Dresden on both sides the Elbe.

View of the Elbe with Rathen in Saxonian Switzerland

eastern changes Saxonian Switzerland into the Lausitzer mountain country and west in the ore mountains . The adjacent Czech part of the Elbsandsteingebirges is called Böhmi Switzerland. The highest collection of Saxonian Switzerland is the large Zschirnstein with 560 m over NN.

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the name Saxonian Switzerland developed in 18. Century and is to be to due to two Swiss artist Adrian Zingg and Anton Graff. These felt from the landscape to their homeland, which Swiss law reminds, in which similar landscape forms to be found are.

geological emergence

usually see

to Elbsandsteingebirge [to work on


mountain forms the lily stone in the last

sunlight are two mountain forms to be differentiated. Stones numerous rock formations of the Elbsandsteingebirges in Böhmi and Saxonian Switzerland are called. Prominent examples are the king stone, the lily stone, Gohrisch and Pope stone. The designation does not extend to the hill-like crests from volcanic basalt or granitischem material of the basement like the Waitzdorfer height or the large winter mountain.

The Crete-hissed sandstone things stand out from the so-called evennesses , the former level of the Elbe and represent for their part remainders of an earlier Rumpffläche. In the course of the latetertiary rise of the ore mountains and the lateral pressure of the Lausitzer mountain country the sandstone plate broke cross-lattice-like, which offered with velocity of flow of the Elbe and backwalking erosion in the side valleys, attack possibilities and guidance courses, increasing at the same time, for destructive Kraft of the water. First the larger board mountains ( lily stone) remain, or already strongly fissured like circle stone, emperor crown or already wooded (Kohl fount stone), which dissolve during further erosiver destruction into long-drawn-out burrs (Schrammsteine) up to individual rock needles (gate guards). Morphologically harder layer portions, which for the erosion out longer and successful resistance carries, form usually the highest layer. The collapse takes place thus usually from downside ago, and/or. of the rock flanks.


the Bastei around 1900
in the area of Saxonian Switzerland gives it a set of castle plants, which had been established for the protection of the trade routes. Of it the fortress king stone and castle high stone is received remained. From other plants only meager remainders remained, so of the small Bastei or the castle on the falcon stone (today climbing summits).

Some the castles also as medieval robbery nests were used. Originally this area was settled slawisch and came only into 15. Century within approximately today's borders under Saxonian rule.

The routistic development began essentially only in 19. Century. Artists of the romance let themselves be inspired by the wild beauty the rock, so the painter Ludwig judge or the composer Carl Maria von Weber, who settled its famous opera free contactor with the wolf ravine scene in close proximity to Rathen.

national park

1990 was created, still before the German unit, the national park Saxonian Switzerland, in order to protect the singular natural-space character of the mountains. 93 km ² large surface covers two separate regions: In the west the area between city Wehlen and Prossen, in the east the area between Schrammsteinen and the German-Czech border.

rock climbing

Klettergipfel bei Rathen
climbing summit with Rathen

the landscape of Saxonian Switzerland is coined/shaped by many sandstone rock. Thus the popular leisure pleasure of climbing developed. One climbs after at the beginning the 20. Century as world-wide first their kind developed Saxonian rules. Rope and safeguarding points as for instance rings may be used only for the safety device, not however for progressive movement. In other climbing areas common aids such as magnesia, clamping wedges or Friends are not permitted. Instead knot and volume loops are used.

Except for few exceptions climbing at massifs is not permitted and generally only at proven climbing summits permitted. (to that to the particulars subsections see also Saxonian Switzerland (climbing area)).


the overnight accomodation in a rock cave, the Boofe in such a way specified and/or. the free staying overnight at all has a long tradition in Saxonian Switzerland. Many young people drive over the weekend into Saxonian Switzerland, in order to boofen. The Boofen is today only on permitted to marked places by the office for national park. The increasing number of the Boofer and the wrong behaviour of particulars ( illegal fire places, pulling out young trees, soil erosion) are problematic, which lead again and again to arguments. Many boofen from joy in the nature experience. In the long run a compromise passable for humans and nature must be always found.

objects of interest

the “cow stable”
the Basteibrücke with Rathen

see also


  • Henning Böhme: Migrations in the Elbsandsteingebirge. Bridging man, Munich 1991
  • Hans Brichzin: Move in Saxonian Switzerland. Dumont, Cologne 2001
  • Ingrid fertilizers among other things: Botani migrations Saxonia. Urania, Leipzig 1995
  • Norbert vigorous: Moving leader Saxonian Switzerland. German moving publishing house Dr. Mair & bill & cost, Stuttgart 1991
  • Adolf Hanle (Hrsg.): Elbsandsteingebirge. Nature leader. Meyers encyclopedia publishing house, Mannheim 1992
  • Heinz wedge: The discovery of Saxonian Switzerland. Saxonia publishing house Dresden, 1953
  • Marianne Mehling (Hrsg.): Culture leader Saxonia. Droemer Knaur, Munich 1991
  • Saxonian national place for museum nature (Hrsg.): Museums in Saxonia, edition Leipzig, Leipzig 1998
  • Editha and Hermann Thomas: Saxonian Böhmi Switzerland. Neumann, Radebeul 1994
  • Erich sounding Peter petrol and Christoph Wendt: Saxonian Switzerland. Book of pictures, Artcolor, Hamm 1994

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