Secularization in Bavaria

the secularization in Bavaria was accomplished in the years 1802/1803. In the context of this secularization a secularization of church goods in the cure principality Bavaria took place .

Trips of the secularization accomplished in completely Germany were military successes Napoléon Bonapartes. By the shift of the French east border German states had to deliver their linksrheinischen areas. As remuneration for it them in the realm deputation main conclusion of 1803 the church realm conditions were slammed shut. Almost all religious realm conditions were dissolved.

In Bavaria already found the rich medal life in the country a nearly complete end with the secularization accomplished by Ministers Maximilian Joseph of Montgelas starting from 1802. In January 1802 a decree cure prince max IV. ordered. Josephs the abolition of nearly all monasteries in cure Bavaria, which did not belong to the political agency of the conditions. In the anticipation on the realm deputation main conclusion Bavaria occupied the realm-direct high pins Augsburg, Bamberg, Freising and Würzburg as well as parts of the high pins also already in the year 1802 calibrate-corroded and Passau with the respective monasteries. In addition altogether nine Swabian and four Frankish realm abbeys and prince pin the Kempten were taken in possession. In addition the Annexion of eight Swabian and sieved Frankish realm cities led their monasteries likewise to the abolition. Finally in March 1803 also the Bavarian Prälatenklöster was dissolved. The fortune of the monasteries was usually expropriated in favor of the state. Only some monasteries remained protected as so-called becoming extinct monasteries the dissolution. These monasteries were allowed to accept however no new members. The monastery plants were partly broken off, other monastery areas to private individuals were sold. A not inconsiderable part is used until today for national or local purposes.

The abolition of the Bavarian monasteries led also to the dissolution of numerous monastery libraries. Up to the center 19. Century rose alone the existence of the yard library to over 22.000 handwriting, which originates to a large extent from the waived monasteries. In addition, numerous culture treasures were lost.

The secularization and its consequences meant one of most profound pagings in Bavarian history. So devastatingly however in detail the measures for the monasteries were, then they were nevertheless basis for the emancipation of the church of the state. They returned their internal liberty to the church and the monasteries. A internal-church, theological new meditation followed. Already under king Ludwig I. by the establishment more again and the re-establishment of old monasteries the tradition of the religious life was animated again.

The secularization led to the fact that to today deliveries to church institutions must be paid.

Web on the left of


  > German to English > (Machine translated into English)