Sölden (Ötztal)

base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Tirol
political district: Imst (IN)
surface: 466.9 km ²
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 46° 58 ' n. Break. 11° 0 ' o. L.
46° 58 ' n. Break. 11° 0 ' o. L.
Height: 1368 m and. NN
inhabitant: 3066 (census 2001)
postal zip code: 6450
preselection: 05254
municipality code number: 70220
municipal office: Saving brook 514
6450 Sölden
official Website: www.soelden.tirol.gv.at
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Likes. Ernst draw (-)
Lage in Tirol

Sölden is a municipality in the rear Ötztal in the district Imst, Tirol, Austria. It is at 467 km ² the surface-moderately largest municipality of Austria, is on a height of 1.368 m and has 3,449 inhabitants (2003).

Also over 2 million overnight accomodation per year and 15,000 guest bed Sölden is main to Vienna the second-strongest tourism municipality of Austria and an important tourism area, for winter sports.

Table of contents

Geografie

the Gemeindegebiet of Sölden extends from green widening of the fourth Ötztalstufe up to the high-altitude Wasserscheide in the south, which forms the state border to Italy. 146 km ² are covered of glaciers, 321 km ² of summits, Almen and forests, and only about 1 km ² are blocked area. To the municipality the localities Sölden , Hochsölden , Zwieselstein , Gurgl , holy cross and vent as well as further Weiler scattered over the Gemeindegebiet belong.

neighbour municipalities

Kaunertal, length field, new pin in the Stubaital, pc. Leonhard in the Pitztal.

in South Tyrol: Graun in the Vinschgau, mark, Moos into passport eggs, Ratschings, Schnals.

history

the Hochalmen of the rear Innerötztales were already visited in the Steinzeit by hunters and Hirten, as also the find of the Ötzi showed. They came from the south over the alpine main comb and began about 4,500 v. Chr. to increase by Brandrodungen at the forest border the usable pasturelands. The Innerötztal was originally used only as Alm from the Vinschgau. The gradual settlement activity from the south coined/shaped numerous rätoromanische place names, particularly in the Ventertal, and in innerötztaler dialect to today Roman expressions kept.

The place name Sölden leads itself of “selda”, which means as much as smallest rural possession size, off. Sölden was called for the first time 1150 in a document as Seldon. 1811 formed Sölden one of ten bars of the court Peter mountain, which 1817 were explained as the political municipality. 1854 became the municipality vent, until 1826 belonging to the court Kastelbell in the Vinschgau, in in common December. 1923 came the municipality portion from Schnals, remained with Austria , to the municipality Sölden.

Base of life of the inhabitants was main up to the gradual beginning of the tourism cattle breeding and the trade over the Timmelsjoch and the high yoke.

Sölden, Gurgl and vent were raised 1891 to independent Pfarren.

Center 19. Century came it with the building by protection huts and ways, promoted by the “glacier minister” Franz Senn, to a first routistic development. The development to the winter sports center began 1948 with the first elevators, those 1975 and 1981 the development saving brook and/or. Tiefenbachferners followed.

skiing area

the Söldener skiing area, to which also two glaciers (saving brook glaciers and depth brook glaciers) belong, has 39 aerial ropeways and 148 runway kilometers. The main part of the skiing area is on a sea-height of over 2000 m and reaches in three places a height of over 3000 m (BEND 3). Scene one the dramatic rope clearing gap, with to 5. Septembers 2005 nine humans by a falling down concrete bucket around the life came.

local parts

Sölden

the formerly small with the remaining Weilern to a ribbon-built village grown together, here is with hotels, restaurants and pensions also the routistic center of the municipality.

In the south of Sölden the aerial ropeway on the Gaislachkogel up to 3.040 m height starts. From the mercenary local part Pitze branches 13 km long Ötztaler glacier route to the ski areas of save-brook-far and, over the maximummost convenient tunnel of the alps, to depth-brook-far.

Hochsölden

up of the valley lies on approximately 2,000 m height the hotel settlement Hochsölden, by a road and an aerial ropeway connected with the valley.

Zwieselstein

with Zwieselstein divides (“zwieselt”) the rear Ötztal into vent he and the Gurgltal. This locality retained its village character to a large extent with old timber buildings. Zwieselstein was mentioned for the first time documentary 1269 as Twiselsteyn.

holy cross

holy cross on 1.712 m consists scattered Häusergruppen of several on 8 km in the Venter valley. Since 1956 the road connection was constantly removed after vent and with avalanche protection galleries secured. Contrary to the other local parts of Sölden, holy cross is not routistic opened.

vent

the mountain climber village vent is on 1.900 m at the end of the valley and has with the Rofenhöfen on 2.014 m height the high-altitude continuoussettled mountain peasant yards of the east alps. For the first time vent was mentioned 1241 as “Fende”, which as many as “place, place” could be called. Like this name, are many Flurnamen of Roman origin.

Vent stood long time under the iurisdiction close of the convenient court Kastelbell and all yards stood under the basic gentleman shank of noble ones from the Vinschgau. Only 1810 and 1827 were assigned vent to the court Silz and received to 1891 its own Pfarre.

Sheep of the Schnalstal draw each summer in South Tyrol for a few months to their summer pastures with vent up to 2.000. That this way is already for a long time used, the find of the Ötzi at the Tiesenjoch shows near the house lab yoke.

Obergurgl

at the end of the Gurgltales are appropriate for Obergurgl, with 1.930 m the highest Kirchdorf Austria and some more more highly been (2,150 m), because of the road to the Timmelsjoch the hotel settlement Hochgurgl, both, like the places around Sölden, important winter sports areas (sea-height of the skiing area of 1.800 m to 3,000 m). Obergurgl is also location of the university University of Obergurgl, a conference and meeting center of the University of Innsbruck.

A larger routistic admittingness brought the forced landing of the stratosphere balloon of the researcher to Obergurgl Augusts Piccard to 27. May 1931.

Hochgurgl

Hochgurgl on 2150m sea-height is a hotel settlement at the road to the Timmelsjoch. The popular Hochgurgler skiing area is connected with that one in Obergurgl by an aerial ropeway. With the Sessellift one arrives at the Wurmkoglgipfelhaus at 3081m sea-height. From there out one has the one beautiful view to South Tyrol.

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