South Tyrol

autonomous province Bozen - South Tyrol
Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano - Alto Adige
Provinzia Autonòma de Balsan - South Tyrol
South Tyrol
national flag Landeswappen
Landesbanner Landeswappen
Base data
state capital: Bozen
largest city: Bozen
ISO:
Website: provinz.bz.it
map: South Tyrol
Südtirol mit seinen Gemeinden, Städten und Flüssen
South Tyrol with its municipalities, citiesand rivers
base data
region: Trentino South Tyrol
state: Italy
inhabitant (September 2005) 481,133
surface 7,400 km ²
spoke - and groups of peoples
according to census 2001
69.15% German
26.47% Italian
4.37% ladinisch
ital. Kfz characteristic: BZ
district communities and principal places
Vinschgau (Schlanders)
office for castle count (Meran)
Überetsch Südtiroler Unterland (new market)
Bozen
salt Schlern (no principal place)
Eisacktal (Brixen)
rocker valley (Sterzing)
Pustertal (Bruneck)
politics
national captain: Dr. Luis Durnwalder (SVP)
Adjacent provinces and States of
Trentino
province Sondrio
province Bell UN
Austria (Tirol and Salzburg)
Switzerland (canton grey federations)

South Tyrol, officially: Autonomous province Bozen South Tyrol, to 1972 animal oilers Etschland, Italian: Alto Adige (the designation became into that 1920ern in consequence of the Italianisierungspolitik contrary to international law after French collecting main production: Province at the upper run of the Etsch, thus “Hochetsch”) or Sudtirolo, ladinisch: South Tyrol, Trient forms the autonomous region Trentino South Tyrol in the north of Italy together with the province. In the run thatTime the legislations of powers of this region were transferred to a large extent to the two provinces (see for this South Tyrol package).

The name South Tyrol originated in in 19. Century as name for the south part of the Austrian Land of the Federal Republic Tirol south burner passport. Became at the same time for thatItalian sprachigen region (districts Trient and Rovereto) also the term Welschtirol uses. The border to the Austrian Land of the Federal Republic Tirol, at the same time Italian-Austrian state border, runs since end of the 1. World war at the alpine main comb. The most well-known transition is the burner passport, over that, with burner motorwayand - railway, one of the most important north south connections over the alps leads. About 2015 should be finished there the burner basis tunnel.

The state capital of South Tyrol is Bozen.

Table of contents

country and people

South Tyrol is because of „the south side of the alps “and unites the advantages of a mountain country (particularlyin the winter) with the Annehmlichkeiten of a nearly mediterranen climate (in the valley situations).

Numerous museums, locks and weekly markets become equally estimated from native ones and guests. It is furthermore remarkable that since the south animal oilers autonomy the number „of the Italians “(Italian language's group) constantly, during that one sinks „the German “(German language's group) rises.

history

the area at Etsch, Eisack and Rienz is settled since the middle Steinzeit (Mesolithikum ). Humans held themselves at that time in the summer predominantly in the high mountains above thatTimber line up. Numerous archaeological places of discovery with finds from that occupy this 7. up to 4. Millenium v. Chr.. In the Jungsteinzeit following on it began humans the fruitful central mountain terraces along the main valleys to settle. Important finds from this timecome from the Plunacker in Villanders, the hill from lock Juval in the Vinschgau or from the house lab yoke (Ötzi). In the Bronzezeit a time of the economic upswing began, mainly because of the copper mining industry. In the late Bronzezeit (1300-1000) and the older Eisenzeit was settled the today's South Tyrol von Menschen, who were carriers of the internal-alpine caustic solution Melaun culture. The Räter is in the recent Eisenzeit carriers of the Fritzens Sanzeno culture and thus the first in particular well-known Urbevölkerung of the middle alpine region.

Of 59 v. Chr. up to People migration time belonged to South Tyrol to the Roman Imperium. From this time no cities originate however numerous milestones and Roman road stations for instance Sebatum in the Pustertal, or Sublavione in the Eisacktal.

Between that 6. and 9. Century was settled the area by the Bajuwaren,there the Langobarden and the romanisierten natives discovered. Important places of discovery from this time are the hill of monastery Säben with Klausen, Castelfeder with Auer and the church pc. Prokulus with Naturns. As part of the Franconia realm and later of the Holy Roman realm of German nation it attained strategic meaning, because its roads led to Italy. Large parts of the country were given 1004 and 1027 to the bishops by Trient and Brixen. After however their manager (Vögte), the counts ofTirol (see:My hard II.), the territory as well as the valley shanks north the burner Tirol had brought, received the country under their rule to the name. South Tyrol is particularly one of the areas with most castles in Europe, under it thosefamous plants lock Tirol, lock Runkelstein, Churburg, castle Hocheppan and castle Taufers.

1363 ignored the county by Margarethe of Tirol (late Maultasch called) to the having citizens , who governed the country nearly constantly to 1918. 1919, after that 1. World war, was annektiert South Tyrol against an armistice agreement by Italy. The Italians zugewanderten since then place today about a quarter of the inhabitants of the country. The relationship between the Italian culture and South Tyrol is Austrian always 1919 ago very muchwell been, which shows up among other things also in the fact that the last national captain of animal oil was a italienischsprachiger Austrian from Trient. Only after 1919 Repressionen set as well those against the Austrian cultural property in, the German-language south animal oilers from the Italian sideanswered to an armed resistance fight. For this one organized oneself 1957 in the release committee South Tyrol BAS. This resistance fight and an intervention of Austria before the advice of the UN brought in the today's status of an autonomous province for South Tyrol within Italy.


More in the major item History of South Tyrol

language

official office languages in South Tyrol are German, Italian and Ladinisch. In South Tyrol country-wide about 40 different dialects Südbairi and called together colloquially also „Südtirolerisch are spoken”. The dialects have their own specialWords and sentence connections, which are already understood in Nordtirol no longer always. Frequently also eingedeutsche Italian words are used, which refer usually to public mechanisms or occupations, like first assistance for emergency admission and Hydrauliker for Installateur.

Work on []

Media

under the printed media are to be particularly called the appearing country-wide daily papers and magazines: The oldest and most common daily paper followed the German-language dolomites, (year of the foundation and edition) from the italienischsprachigen Alto Adige - Corriere depression Alpi. Further givesit still the local section of the Corriere della Sera (Corriere dell'Alto Adige) came out, that from the daily paper IL Mattino dell'Alto Adige and the smaller new south animal oilers daily paper.

Under the weekly papers the FF south animal oilers pictorial are, that To call catholic Sundays sheet and the south animal oilers restaurant economics.

Under the broadcasting corporations the public RAI is particularly - transmitters Bozen to emphasize, which radiates its radio and television program in all three national languages. Also the ORF has a branch office of the regional studio Tirol inBozen and radiates the Austrian programs including south animal oilers regional windows. Of RACE (broadcast institute South Tyrol) also to pool of broadcasting corporations (first), Second Channel of German Television and Swiss the television SF1-DRS over many transmitting plants terrestrial one radiates. Besides becomes starting from 2006 over the digital terrestrialTelevision (DVB-T), which to South Tyrol beside the digital radio DAB particularly one promotes, on still SF2-DRS as well as in the future possibly also still Arte radiated. Over DAB in 2 country-wide ensembles the following transmitters are radiated: Radio1, Radio2, Radio3, Rai transmitter Bozen, Ö1,Radio Tirol (CO2), hit radio Ö3, FM4, Bayern1, Bayern2, Bayern3, Bayern4, Bayern5, radio Rumantsch, Swiss jazz and radio Jojo. Still to it to date only into Bozen to received ensemble (Dab Media) comes where all private south animal oilers Radiosender to be spread.

Additionallythere are a local TV organization (VB33) and numerous restaurant radios.

The union Generela di Ladins, the controlling body of the Ladinerverbände, is Herausgeberin of a weekly paper in ladinischer language, the Usc di Ladins (voice of the Ladiner). The sides, those in each caseare dedicated to a valley, are written in the respective Idiom.

famous south animal oilers

see portal: South Tyrol/personalities.

cities

winter tendency in branch field

German/Italian name

largest municipalities

(conditions: 31. May 2005)
Meran
Meran
municipality Inhabitant
Bozen 98,657
Meran 35,246
Brixen 19,302
Leifers 15,779
Bruneck 14,211
Eppan at the crying race 13,213
Lana 10,338
Kaltern at the crying race 7,241
rides 7,132
Sarnthein 6,669
Kastelruth 6,187
Sterzing 5,935
Schlanders 5,893
Ahrntal 5,645
Naturns 5,153
Latsch 5.033


See also: List of the municipalities in South Tyrol

economics

by deadline 22. Octobers 2001 existed in South Tyrol 51,207 working places with altogether 207,380 coworkers. This is an increase of 27.300 or 15,2% compared with 1991.

South Tyrolproduced on 18.000 hectares of approximately 10% of the apples cultivated in the European Union. That corresponds to 2% of the world production.

The tourism plays a central role in the economy of the area lacking in raw materials. Particularly in the environment around Meran and near the winter sports centersin the last hundred years a flourishing tourism was established. Once because of the health resorts and the mild climate strongly visited, „active vacation “and ski vacation important industries are increasing.

In the last years in addition many enterprises were established. So for instance Leitner, Salewa and Loacker. The economy in South Tyrol is to be strengthened in the future by research and bildungsichernde institutions like the university in Bozen and the European academy. They make innovations possible, those in a country such as South Tyrol essentially tooSafety device of the prosperity are.

The energy industry plays a outstanding role in the environmental balance of South Tyrol. Biomass, water power and solar plants as well as a role of the pioneer in the building isolation lead to particularly pollution free restaurant and dwellings.

The unemployment ratio (2005) is at present with 2,2%the men and with 3,3% of the women. The total rate of unemployment amounts to 2.7% and thus prevails to full employment.

acquaintance of mountains and valleys

a selection of the most famous mountains to meet, is not in a hilly country such as South Tyrolsimply.

The Ortler is with 3905 m the highest mountain of South Tyrol. The rose garden forms an impressive picture for the Schlern with its neighbour. In a breath one should mention also the three Zinnen, which are in the east of South Tyrol.

MoreThere are mountains in the portal South Tyrol.

The main valleys are: Etschtal, Eisacktal, Vinschgau and Pustertal.

of South Tyrol lakes

the seas of South Tyrol (selection): Reschensee, colder one lake, shark the lake, Karersee, Pragser game lake, gnawing lake, Montiggler lakes, Mühlwalder lake

see also

literature

  • Gottfried Solderer (Hrsg.) „20. Century in South Tyrol “, Bozen 1999-2003 (in 5Volumes)
  • Josef Fontana, Peter W. Haider, walter Leitner, George Mühlberger, Rudolf palm, Othmar Parteli, Josef Riedmann: „History of the country Tirol “. Bozen/Innsbruck/Vienna 1988-1990
  • Rolf Steininger: „South Tyrol - from the First World War to the present “(ISBN 3-7065-1348-X)

Web on the left of

Commons: South Tyrol - pictures, videos and/or audio files
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)