SMS king mountain (1905)

building and service
building designation: Replacement meteor
building-threw: Imperial ones threw, to Kiel
building NR.: 31
keel-laying: 1905
launching of a vessel: 12. December 1905
setting into service: 6. April 1907
construction costses: 5,4 millions RM
quiet putting: 1912
restarting operation: 1914
the whereabouts: 11. July 1915 in the Rufiji - delta (East Africa) blown up
sister ships: SMS Nuremberg, SMS Stuttgart, SMS Stettin
technical data
displacement: normally: 3390 t
maximally: 3814 t
length: Wasserlinie: 114.8 m
over everything: 115.3 m
broad: 13.2 m
depth: 5.29 m
armament: 10 sports club - 10.5 cm L/40
10 Mk - 3.7 cm
of 2 torpedo pipes Ø 45 cm
(port and to starboard under water)
armoring: Tank deck - 50 mm
of machine equipment: 2 standing 3-Zylinder
three-fold expansion steam engines
of 11 char-fired steam boilers
2 four-bladed screws Ø 4 m
fuel supply: 820 t coal
speed: 23 kn
operating range: 5750 sm with 12 kn
crew: 14 officers and 308 men

the small cruiser SMS king mountain was a ship of the imperial navy.

personal record

in times of peace was used those king mountain more frequently than company of the emperor. Thus it accompanied the imperial yacht Hohenzollern in the year 1907 during the Elbregatta, the Kieler week and on the north land journey to the north cape. Together with the large cruiser crowd refuge and the telegram boat Sleipner drove it in the imperial unit train to Great Britain and into the Netherlands and brought admiral prince Heinrich of Prussia with a delegation of the naval officer corps to the burying ceremonies of king Oskar II. from Sweden to Malmö. In the year 1910 a travel after Helgoland and one took place to Great Britain to the funeral from king Edward VII.. 1911 went it then into the Mediterranean.

After the reactivation, in the year 1914, the small cruiser king mountain was equipped as station ship for East Africa and shifted after Daressalam, where it to 6. June 1914 arrived. When the First World War began, the ship left Daressalam, in order to lead in the Indian ocean cruiser war. To 6. August 1914 was applied in the gulf by Aden the British freighter town center OF Winchester. To 20. September sank those king mountain the British cruiser Pegasus without Gegenwehr, anchoring in the port of Sansibar; 38 men of the English crew died.

Thereupon the Royal Navy hunt for the small cruiser made. This did not have supply ships available and could in the future also no further ships capture. Thus those was strongly reduced king mountain in its radius of action. One purged oneself therefore on the idea, in the delta of the Rufiji - river, into German East Africa (today: Tanzania) to hide. The British did not know yet that the approach roads for a ship, as those were evenly still passable king mountain, straight. So repairs could be implemented in all peace and supplies on the Landweg be near-created. Finally the coincidence brought the British on the trace of the German ship. During the search of a German trading vessel, in the port of Lindi, one found a receipt for a coal charge to the king mountain. Whereupon also the place Ssalale was noted. This was a station in the Rufiji delta.

To 30. October 1914 knew major P. J. Pretorius the masts the king mountain in the Mangrovenwald of the Deltas discover. One had missed it to shorten the masts accordingly. Now the ships of the Royal Navy before the Flussmündung remained lying. Thus the German ship was blocked. The king mountain continued to itself withdraw ever into the river. The delta was developed for defense. Coastal posts prevented first each attempt to come the river up. Temporarily against the king mountain one liner, nine cruisers, two tank gunboats and an auxiliary cruiser were used.

Wreck the king mountain

in the close delta of the Rufiji river could not be attacked those king mountain by the superior English liner HMS Goliath. The British navy dragged therefore the two monitors HMS Mersey and HMS Severn, which could penetrate because of their small depth into the river delta, from the Mediterranean to East Africa. After the conquest of the island mafia and stationing of observation airplanes the two monitors knew the king mountain to 6. and 11. July 1915 heavily damage. Since ammunition and fuel went out, decided the commander, commander max of Looff to give the ship up. It should not fall into hostile hands.

The crew was integrated into the German East Africa colonial force under general Lettow Vorbeck. The cannons the king mountain were saved and served thereafter the colonial force as field artillery. They were inserted among other things during the FE storage by Lindi, had to be given up however later, than Lettow Vorbeck withdrew itself after Mosambique.

The wreck the king mountain lay in the flat water of the Rufiji delta and was visible for many decades with Niedrigwasser. A 10,5-cm-Kanone the king mountain and a 10,2-cm-Kanone of the Pegasus stand today side by side before the away Jesus in the Kenyan port Mombasa, where they were set up to the British colonial age.

see also

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