|shuttle name:||Discovery (OV-103)|
|starting point:||Kennedy space center, PAD 39A|
|start to:|| 10. August 2001|
21:10: 14 UTC
|landing to:|| 22. August 2001|
18:22: 58 UTC
|landing strip:||Kennedy space center, course 15|
|duration:||11d 21h 12m 44s|
|course height:||max. 402 km|
|flight path angle:||51.6 degrees|
|of orbits around the earth:||186|
|put back distance:||approx. 9 millions km|
| previous mission:|| the following mission:|
STS-105 (English. Space Transportation system) is a mission designation for the US-American space shuttle Discovery (OV -103) of NASA. The start took place to 10. August 2001. It was the 106. Space shuttle mission and the 30. Flight of the space shuttle Discovery, in addition the 11. Flight of a shuttle to the international space station EAT.
To table of contents
- Scott J. Horowitz (4. Flight), commander
- Frederick W. Sturckow (2. Flight), pilot
- Daniel T. Barry (3. Flight), mission specialist
- Patrick G. Forrester (1. Flight), mission specialist
eating crew outward flight
- Franc L. Culbertson (3. Flight), commander
- Mikhail W. Tjurin (1. Flight), flight engineer
- Vladimir N. Deschurow (2. Flight), flight engineer
eating crew return flight
- Juri W. Ussatschow (4. Flight), commander
- Susan J. Helmet (5. Flight), on-board engineer
- James S. Voss (5. Flight), flight engineer
(after a flying time turned from 167 days, 6 hours and 41 minutes to the earth back; Outward flight with STS-102)
of mission high points
on this flight the permanent crew of the international space station EAT by new personnel replaced. It brought also new experiments with the Italian general-purpose logistics module to Leonardo at board. For the first time became also an experiment, which fastens “material internationally space station experiment” (MISSE) to the outer hull of the station. With the MISSE different materials were exposed to the conditions of space over 18 months. Altogether the Discovery remained 8 days with EATS connected, on which 2 EVAs were accomplished.
the third regular crew for the international space station one brought into the orbit. In addition with the Discovery returned the ISS-2-Crew after plentifully 5 months in the universe on earth. To a large extent in the logistics module Leonardo accommodated, besides experiments, supplies and equipment to the station were transported. In addition also the express racks 4 and 5 belonged (ever approx. 540 kg). The new experiments served primarily biotechnological and medical research. Thus with the complex Cellular Biotechnology was analyzed operation support system (CBOSS) in the express rack 4 the growth of different cell kinds. In addition ordered CBOSS over a thought out temperature price increase, a plant for freezing the finished samples, a system for the regularization of the Gaszufuhr as well as a container for the admission of up to 48 samples. In addition breeding of protein crystals highest purity the Advanced protein Crystallisation Facility became (APCF) as well as dynamic the control LED protein Crystal Growth experiment (DCPCG, both in express rack 1) used.
The Andocken of the space shuttle to the station took place to 12. August, 18,42 CR. On the following day the bowl seats in of Soyuz were changed - the spaceship and the Sokol Raumanzüge for the new crew of the space station was tested. The Soyuz spaceship functioned like always as Rettungskapsel for emergencies. Likewise to 13. August was lifted the logistics module by Patrick Forrester with the help of the manipulator arm of the Discovery from the load bay and angedockt on the Unity module (15,55 CR). Afterwards the unloading work began. More than 3 tons of equipment, food and water were stowed away in the station. Already final experiments and personal thes subject of the ISS-2-Crew as well as waste became in response into the Discovery and/or. into the logistics module Leonardo transports. Leonardo became to 19. August uncoupled by the station and again in the loading space of the shuttle accommodated.
To 14. August was installed in the Russian service module Swesda a new software, which was tested on the following days. With it the controlling of the station from the Russian part improves. This was in particular important for the arrival of the Russian coupling and door module jetty in September.
To 16. August worked the astronauts Barry and Forrester for 6 hours and 16 minutes in space. They installed ammonium a tank at the lattice element P6. The ammonium serves as coolant for the solar cell nelektronik. Subsequently, the first scientific experiment of outboard was installed. Material EAT experiment (MISSE) covers 750 different materials, whose stability under the rough conditions of the universe are tested. The material complex is to be brought after approximately one year to the earth back. With the second door (Barry and Forrester, duration 5 hours 29 minutes) to 18. August was installed an about 15 meter long Stromkabel for the heaters of the lattice element S0. S0 is the central element of the lattice structure long over 100 meters, which is installed on the laboratory module Destiny.
During the common flight with the engines of the Discovery two course maneuvers were accomplished. Thus the orbit of the station was raised around approximately 7 kilometers. After the uncoupling to 20. August, bypassed the space shuttle the station in a distance of approximately 150 meters. Video and photo photographs were made. Subsequently, the small satellite was simple-sown started , with which was to be demonstrated, how exactly one satellite control is global over the Positioning system government inspection department.
In the load bay of the Discovery were several cans with experiments, which were accomplished in the context of a special education program (shuttle Small Payload Project SSPP) together with pupils of different Federal States of the USA. In addition belonged in particular biological experiments (cell and branch growth, development of roots, influence of radiation, variations in temperature and weightlessness on different plant seeds) and physical attempts (glowing fire in weightlessness, corrosion, influence of high frequency radiation on natural and synthetic materials, durability of adhesives, stability of picture media, effects different radiation signs, laser communication, influence of radiation, temperature and Mikrogravitation on different materials).
The Doscovery landed on the area of the Kennedy space center in Florida. The landing retarded because of a rainstorm around an orbit around the earth. After the landing extensive medical investigations took place, particularly at the members of the eating crew. In addition tests of the lung and the immune system as well as investigations belong to the kidney stone risk.
Web on the left of
- http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/missions/sts-105/mission-sts-105.html - NASA mission summary (English)
- http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/shuttle/archives/sts-105/index.html - NASA: Shuttle missions (English)
- http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/video/shuttle/sts-105/html/fd1.html - NASA: Video of the STS-105 mission (English)
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Soyuz TM-31 ·
Soyuz TM-32 ·
Soyuz TM-33 ·
Soyuz TM-34 ·
Soyuz TMA-1 ·
Soyuz TMA-2 ·
Soyuz TMA-3 ·
Soyuz TMA-4 ·
Soyuz TMA-5 ·
Soyuz TMA-6 ·
Soyuz TMA-7 ·
Soyuz TMA-8 ·
long-term crews: Expedition 1 · Expedition 2 · Expedition 3 · Expedition 4 · Expedition 5 · Expedition 6 · Expedition 7 · Expedition 8 · Expedition 9 · Expedition 10 · Expedition 11 · Expedition 12 · Expedition 13 · Expedition 14