|surface:||20.445, 26 km ² (8.)|
|Inhabitants:||2.476.252 (11.) (30. September 2005)|
|Population density:||121 inhabitants for each km ² (14.)|
|Debts for each inhabitants:||7.770 € (at the end of of 2005)|
|Debts entirely:||18 billion € (2004)|
|ISO 3166-2:|| |
|Prime Minister:|| Wolfgang Böhmer (CDU)|
(since 16. May 2002)
|Governing parties:|| CDU and. SPD |
(starting from 24. April 2006)
| Allocation of seats in the federal state parliament|
| CDU 40|
the left Party of Democratic Socialism 26
|last choice:||26. March 2006|
|voices in the Upper House of Parliament:||4|
low mountain range and mountains
For further mountains see: List of the mountains and the collections in Saxonia-Anhalt
the area today's Saxonia-Anhalt was in the early Middle Ages one of the cultural emphasis in the German-speaking countries, the today's state capital Magdeburg was one of the most important political centers already at that time in the holy Roman realmGerman nation. Of the earlier importance witness to the entire region today for the country the typical, well received architectural monuments from the time of the Romanesque and the gothic (see also: Road of the Romanesque) like the cathedrals of Magdeburgand half, the Quedlinburger old part of town, many castles and old churches. Saxonia-Anhalt is according to national marketing company the country with the highest density at UNESCO - world culture inheriting in Germany: For this count the building house in Dessau, the Luther cities joke mountain and ice life, the old part of town ofQuedlinburg and the lock park of Wörlitz. For the local localities and cities also buildings are coining/shaping from the time of the Prussian beside bent half timbered house old parts of town and closely cultivated villages - likewise often with framework architecture and old village churches worth seeing - Province Saxonia, which was considered as the richest province of the country.
In the north the Saxonia anhaltische landscape is coined/shaped by flat country. Here in the old Mark old Hanseatic cities are such as salt whisks, guard putting, Stendal and Tangermünde. The transition of thatOld Marks to fruitful, forest-poor farm servant citizens the Börde form the Colbitz Letzlinger heath and the Drömling. Important cities in the farm servant citizens Börde are waste dump lives, Oschersleben (Bode), Wanzleben, Schönebeck (Elbe) and ashtray life as well as the state capital Magdeburg, from that the regiontheir name derives. In the southwest the Unterharz with the resin before country and cities lies such as who Niger desert, Quedlinburg or half. At the border to the Free State Saxonia is the population centre resounds (Saale) - Merseburg - bitter field (also „chemistry triangle “called), which is enough in Saxonian Leipzig.(Saale) is the largest city resounds in Saxonia-Anhalt. In the past resided here the chemical industry with their economic emphasis in Leuna.
To the Saale and the Unstrut, where itself an area of cultivation of wine find, lie Naumburg (Saale), Zeitz and Freyburg (Unstrut). Finally still the third biggest city of the country, the old anhaltische Residenzstadt Dessau and a part of the Flämings lain in the east belong to Saxonia-Anhalt.
the population originally sat downfrom Lower Saxony (Ostfalen), Thüringern and above all east the Elbe from Westslawen together. In addition however many tightening from the other regions of Germany and their descendants come. The portion of citizens of foreign origin is comparatively small, here is toExample evacuee from Russia to call Kazakhstan and the Ukraine.
under the atheistische adjustment of the GDR only 19.7% (approximately 492,000) belong the inhabitant of one both to the large Christian denomination (2004), of it are approximately 391,000 (15.7%) Evangelist (university University of) (church province Saxonia, Evangelist regional church of notion) and 101,000 (4.1%) Roman-catholic (diocese Magdeburg). The tendency is further clear sinking, although Saxonia-Anhalt exhibits already today the lowest ratio of church-bound inhabitants. 80.000 belongs to other churches, of itapprox. 11.000 of the Neuapostoli church, and 45,000 other religions (Judentum, Islam, one sincism) on. Compared with many other German countries the portion of Islamic citizens is very small.
Economics and traffic
the region over resound (Saale) form together withLeipzig an economical emphasis region lying in Saxonia. Here different traffic streams gather. Traditionally an emphasis of chemistry and oil industry is in the area („chemistry triangle “, Leuna). In Leuna the largest foreign investments became in the last yearstransacted by completely East Germany. A further economic emphasis is favorably the state capital Magdeburg convenient between Hanover and Berlin.
Altogether Saxonia-Anhalt has large difficulties with the restructuring of the industry. Thus it came to many firm locking (building of railroad cars resound Ammendorf), which high unemployment(occasionally the highest in the Federal Republic of Germany) as a consequence had. Into passed three years it can increasingly successful by offensive location politics lower the unemployment ratio and be attained larger economic dynamics. 2005 were the economic growth about 1,1%<ref> Trade paper, 24. /25. /26. March 2006, S. 3 </ref>.
- See also tourism in Saxonia-Anhalt
by thatCountry runs in east west direction the Fernverbindung (Ruhr district) Hanover - Magdeburg - Berlin (- Warsaw), through resounds and Dessau runs a branch of the connection Erfurt Berlin. Besides exist still main routes, which Magdeburg with resounds and connects Dessau. In addition a network of Nebenstrecken comes,and. A. the net of the Harzer narrow-gauge railways. In the regions Magdeburg and resounds exists to rapid-transit railways (rapid-transit railway Magdeburg, rapid-transit railway Leipzig-resounds).
in contrast to other German countries does not have Saxonia-Anhalt an airport. Between resounds and Leipzig findsin Saxonian area the intercontinental airport Leipzig-resounds itself. With Magdeburg the airfield Magdeburg lies. In the proximity of the city ashtray lives there is not the airport Cochstedt, for years rather by financial problems in the discussion and momentarilyin enterprise is.
in east west direction runs the a2 Hanover - Berlin by the country. At the eastern edge of the Land of the Federal Republic A 9 Munich runs - Berlin in north south direction. The freeway net is supplemented by A 14 of Dresden over resounds to Magdeburg. Planned an extension of this motorway is northward over Stendal, Osterburg (old Mark) and joke mountains (Brandenburg) to the triangle Schwerin (old Mark motorway). In the south runs, like the a2 in the northern region, ineastern-western direction A 38 (Goettingen - Leipzig), which are to time however still in the building. This motorway with A 14 by A 143, which resound west around the city lead around and itself, is connectedat present likewise in the building rules.
By Saxonia-Anhalt runs the holidays road of the Romanesque, which was furnished because of the large Roman inheritance of this landscape. Just as the road of the family Bismarck.
|Year||federal motorway in km||federal highways in km||landesstrassen inkm|
in July 1944 became the former Prussian Province Saxonia, consisting of the governmental districts Magdeburg, Merseburg and Erfurt divided: Developed the provinces Magdeburg and resound Merseburg, which became governmental district Erfurt the realm governor Thüringen subordinated. 1945 became the two provinces, furthermore the Free State notion (around Dessau), thosebraunschweigische enclave Calvörde and the eastern part of the district bright castle in the resin, also before the Free State Braunschweig associated, as well as the Thuringian enclave Allstedt of the Soviet military administration in Germany (SMAD) to the new province Saxonia combine. The name became in the sameYear still in province Saxonia-Anhalt changed.1947 took place after the dissolution of Prussia renaming in country Saxonia-Anhalt. State capital became resounds, since Magdeburg could not notice the Haupststadtfunktion at this time because of the strong war destruction. The country had oneSize of 24.576 km ².
1952 were in fact dissolved in the context of the administrative reform in the GDR the country (de jure existed it still some years of far) and into the two districts and Magdeburg resounded divided. Border clearing happened, with thoseindividual cities and municipalities were eingegeliedert or separated by the neighbour circles, whereby the district borders shifted in relation to the former national borders.
1990 took place the new formation of the country Saxonia-Anhalt with the former district territories resound, without the circle Artern, and Magdeburg as well asthe circle Jessen. State capital became Magdeburg.
Saxonia-Anhalt had to suffer in the first time after its (again) establishment 1990 due to from corruption or state security service reproaches under frequent changes of government. Further problems resulted from the bad economic situation of the formerFocal area of chemical industry and heavy mechanical engineering in the GDR. The country of pure hard Höppner (SPD) was governed from 1994 to 2002. The FDP reached 1990 with 13,5% of the voices their best result in East Germany. Alliance 90/Die the Green remained behindsuch results always back. Only with the election of the federal parliament 2002 the before governing SPD with two digit losses dropped back behind the CDU and Party of Democratic Socialism and became an only third-strongest party in the federal state parliament. With the election of the federal parliament achieved 1998 as right-wing extreme valid DVU from the conditions 12.9%, which was taken up by many humans with concern. The DVU broke meanwhile by internal disputes and no more in the federal state parliament did not represent. With the election of the federal parliament 2002 the FDP reached a result of 13,3%.These large fluctuations show a pronounced change voter behavior of the population and one, compared with other Lands of the Federal Republic, substantially smaller party-political voter connection.
To 23. January 2005 took place in the country a popular vote to the Kita - support. This failed among other things at the low election turnout.To 26. March 2006 found the choice to 5. Federal state parliament of Saxonia-Anhalt instead of.
Prime Minister of Saxonia-Anhalt:
- 28.10.1990 - 04.07.1991: Gerd Gies, CDU
- 04.07.1991 - 28.11.1993: Werner Münch, CDU
- 02.12.1993 - 21.07.1994: Christoph Bergner, CDU
- 21.07.1994 - 16.05.2002: Pure hard Höppner, SPD
- since that 16.05. 2002: Wolfgang Böhmer, CDU
past federal state governments:
- 1990 - 1994: Coalition CDU/CFDP
- 1994 - 1998: Coalition the SPD/Green (minority government, tolerates by Party of Democratic Socialism)
- 1998 - 2002: SPD (minority government, tolerates by Party of Democratic Socialism)
- 2002 - 2006: Coalition CDU/FDP
- starting from 24. April 2006: Coalition CDU/SPD
development of the number of inhabitants (starting from 1995 deadline 31. December):
- 1990 - 2.890.474 *
- 1995 - 2.738.928
- 2000 - 2.615.375
- 2001 - 2.580.626
- 2002 - 2.548.911
- 2003 - 2.522.941
- 2004 - 2.494.437
* 3. October
the numerical decrease in population in Saxonia-Anhalt continues and is primarily to the very small number of living-born to be due, in addition many Saxonia hitchhikers on the search for a job are due to high unemploymentto west and South Germany moved away. Despite one since 1994 easy rise of the Geburtenzahlen which can be registered reached the reproduction ratio only about 50 per cent.
3. Regionalisierte population prognosis for Sachsen−Anhalt until 2020 of the statistic national office Sachsen−Anhalt computes the following number of inhabitants development:
- 2008 - 2.371.775
- 2012 - 2.271.098
- 2016 - 2.169.511
- 2020 - 2.055.585
in Saxonia-Anhalt one speaks today strongly of the Thuringian-upperSaxonian coined/shaped high German with specific idioms from Mark Brandenburgi. In the old Mark one meets very rarely with older speakers still those Eastdown-German language, otherwise is spoken here the Mark Brandenburgi dialect.
See also: Dialects in Saxonia-Anhalt
former governmental districts
Saxonia-Anhalt consisted until 2003 of the three governmental districts:
to the 1. January 2004 the governmental districts were dissolved. The workthe district administrations transferred the national administrative office with seat, furnished for the entire country, to resounds (Saale).
with the first circle regional reorganization at the 1. From before times 37 districts and 3 circle-free cities 21 new districts were formed for July 1994. Three citiesthe status of a circle-free city kept. In the spring 2005 the federal state government initiated a re-organization and an enlargement of the districts, around the number of the districts on approx. to reduce 10.
At present Saxonia-Anhalt is divided into 21 districts
and three circle-free cities:
circle regional reorganization 2007
to 6. October 2005 took place the Verabschiedung of a law via the federal state parliament from Saxonia-Anhalt, according to which with effect of the 1. July 2007 onerenewed circle reform takes place, with which from the past 21 districts 11 new districts develop. The new circle names and seat of the district administrations were already specified by federal state parliament resolution. Questionable it is however still whether in case of a possible change of government after the elections of the federal parliament to26. March 2006 by the then new government changes to be made, for example with the new districts notion Jerichow and joke mountain. See also: To circle reform Saxonia-Anhalt of 2007
cities and municipalities
- biosphere reservation central Elbe
- Colbitz Letzlinger heath
- Dessau Wörlitzer garden realm
- farm servant citizen Börde
- of one fields country
- national park resin
- nature park Drömling
- nature park Dübener heath
- Saale Unstrut Triasland
- lower hall valley
- song for Saxonia-Anhalt (Regionalhymne)
- Friedrich Ludwig Mueller,Angela Pfotenhauer, Elmar Lixenfeld:Romanesque in Saxonia-Anhalt. Monumente edition. Monumente publication of the German donation monument protection, Bonn 2001, ISBN 3-935208-05-7 or ISBN 3-935208-09-X
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