Saint Emilion is eastern a world-famous viticulture place of 35 km the city Bordeaux in France. The place and the surrounding viticulture were explained of the UNESCO as the world cultural heritage. Saint Emilion has approx. 2,345 inhabitants.
Table of contents
already at present the Roman rule was cultivated in Saint Emilion wine. There even the poet Ausonius, after which also Château Ausone is designated, worked as a winegrower. The city in its current situation and form became in 8. Resemble century of a Eremiten name based.
Saint Emilion was an important stage for pilgrims on the Jakob way after Santiago de Compostela. A still received rock church, which became to expenditure-strike completely from the limestone , is historically important. Today Saint Émilion are approx. in the region. 5200 hectars with vines bestockt, on approx. 1000 wine farmers are distributed.
the medieval city of Saint Emilion is to the city Bordeaux because of the upper end one steeply becoming valley boiler over the valleys of the lower run of the Dordogne, east. The limestone plateau towers above the level thereby over approx. 90m.
the red wine of Saint Emilion possesses its own Appellation, which covers also some neighbour municipalities. Together with Pomerol Saint Emilion forms the central area for so-called “rights of the bank” ( the Gironde / Dordogne) (called after the city Libourne also Libournais), meanwhile the Médoc - peninsula as well as the region Graves the “left bank” mark.
Beside the two Appellationen specified first also the so-called satellites belong - to Appellationen Lalande de Pomerol, Montagne Saint Emilion, Puisseguin Saint Emilion, Lussac Saint Emilion and Saint Georges Saint Emilion as well as Fronsac and Canon Fronsac to the Libournais.
As usual on the “right bank”, mostly the Rebsorte Merlot dominates also in the Cuvées of Saint Emilion. Only some goods on the plateau at the border to Pomerol, like Château Figeac and Château Cheval blank, use predominantly Cabernet Sauvignon and/or. Cabernet franc.
Appellationen of Saint Emilion
as characteristic gives it in Saint Emilion even two to local Appellationen: Saint Emilion and Saint Emilion Grand Cru. For the latter Appellation the wines before the Flaschenabfüllung of a second, more fastidious quality inspection must undergo. However the tendency goes clearly toward production from Grand Crus: In the problematic class 2002 134,850 was only defined hl wine as Grand Cru and 82,750 hl as Saint Emilion. 1990 were still almost balanced the relationship with 156.600 hl Grand Cru to 137,200 hl Saint Emilion, although the class was to be classified qualitatively very highly.
classification the best Grands Crus the special status of classified plants, whereby between Grand Cru Classé and Prime Minister Grand Cru Classé one differentiates again. The classification from St.Emilion becomes approx. every ten years revised in each case, in the years with four at the end are determined the positionings of the Weingüter, which become effective then usually in the years with 6. The last classification is thus since 1996 effective. Since the classification only 1955 was introduced, there were so far revisions in the years 1969, 1985 and 1996. Hereunder applies that the goods for the classification must apply.
Contrary to the Médoc the classification is bound also to the situations themselves. Thus was extracted from the Château Beau Séjour Bécot the Prime Minister status 1986 for ten years, after the Weingut had expanded its Rebfläche by additional purchase of plots.
The two outstanding goods are classified the Châteaux Ausone and Cheval blank, both as a Prime Minister Cru Classé A. Besides there is still eleven Prime Minister Grand Cru Classés B as well as 55 Grand Cru Classés. The current classification is:
Prime Minister grands crus classés A
Prime Minister grands crus classés B
Grands Crus Classés
Web on the left of
- web page of the city (English, French)
- web page of the tourism office (English, French)
- the wines of Saint Emilion (English, French, German)
coordinates: 44° 53 ' north, 0° 9 ' 20 '' west