Salzburg (Land of the Federal Republic)
|map: Salt citizen country in Austria|
|national main woman||Gabi of all (SPÖ)|
|governing parties||SPÖ and ÖVP|
| allocation of seats in the federal state parliament|
| SPÖ 17|
the Green 2
|last choice:||7. March 2004|
|inhabitant:||521.238 (annual average 2003)|
|- rank:||7. of 9|
|population density:||72 Einwohner/km ²|
|surface:||7.154, 23 km ²|
|- of itCountry:||7.054, 07 km ² (98.6%)|
|- of it water:||100.16 km ² (1.4%)|
|- rank:||6. of 9|
|highest point:||Grossvenediger 3674 m|
|of districts:|| 1 Statutarstadt|
of 5 districts
|- of it cities:||10|
|- of it market municipalities:||25|
|map: Salzburg and districts|
The country Salzburg borders on upper Austria, Steiermark, Kärnten,(North and east) Tirol, Bavaria and Italy (South Tyrol). In its south the mountain courses of the central alps ( high Tauern) with many three-rope transmitters , in the east and the north roof stone run - massif and Berchtesgadener alps.
Table of contents
the settlement of Salzburg is enough into the before-historical time. From the Celts the oldest name of the city comes: Iuvavum. Among the Romans was Iuvavum inAdministrative district within the province Noricum Ripense. Since that 6. Century belonged the area of the later country Salzburg (without Lungau) to the duchy Baiern. By plant of the ore pin pc. Peter and the woman monastery on the Nonnberg in the ruins of the Roman Juvavum based hl. Rupert around 690 a diocese, which became 798 ore diocese and thus the center of the baierischen church province. This covered almost the entire oldBavarian-Austrian area.
Archbishop Eberhard II., a decided party man of the Staufer, succeeded it 1200 to 1246from counties to develop courts and Vogteien a closed erzbischöfliches rule area. With the acknowledgment of the borders by the Bavaria duke in the year 1275 the last phase of the separation of Salzburg von Bayern begins. 1328 became Salzburg by issuing its own national orderto to a large extent independent state within the “holy Roman realm”. As prince ore diocese landing developed to a church-lay buffer state between Bavaria and the having citizen. 1462 and 1525/26 came it to farmer rebellions. Prince archbishop Leopold Anton count von Firmian forced 1731/32 thoseEmigration of approximately 20,000 Protestanten (“Salzbuger Exulanten”).
Was economical in 16. Jh. not only the salt trade of importance, but also the gold dismantling in Gasteiner the valley. The dismantling quantities were at that time the largest in completely Central Europe.
1803 came thatPrincipality as secularized cure principality to the Grand Duke Ferdinand III. of Toskana, 1805 with Berchtesgaden to Austria. 1810 came it to Bavaria, 1816 (after the Viennese congress) came it without Berchtesgaden and the Rupertiwinkel again to Austria. 1849 became itAustrian crowning country, 1920 Land of the Federal Republic. The church ore diocese was limited 1807 to the area of the country Salzburg and the eastern Nordtirol and again organized to this extent 1818 and 1825.
See also: Erzdiözese Salzburg
|31. Dec. 1900||192,763|
|7. March 1923||222,731|
|1. June 1951||327,232|
|21. March 1961||347,292|
|12. May 1971||401,766|
|15. May 1991||483,880|
|15. May 2001||515,327|
Salzburg possesses a surface of 7.154, 23 km ². It had 174 km a long external border, it to the all-largest with Germany, and to a small partwith Italy divides.
the country Salzburg is arranged in five political districts and a Statutarstadt (Salzburg).
- Salzburg city (state capital)
- Salzburg environment (flat gau)
- Hallein (threshing floor gau)
- pc. Johann in the Pongau (Pongau)
- cell at the lake (Pinzgau)
- Tamsweg (Lungau)
Web on the left of
- salt citizens federal state government
- geo information system Salzburg (aerial photographs etc.)
- salt citizen country tourism society
|Commons: Salzburg - pictures, videos and/or audio files|