Zambia

Republic of OF Zambia
Republic of Zambia
Flagge Sambias
Wappen Sambias
(detail) (detail)

Wahlspruch (English): “One Zambia, one nation”
„a Zambia, a nation “

office language English
capital Lusaka
system of government Republic of
president Levy Mwanawasa
surface 752,614 km ²
number of inhabitants 11.261.795 (conditions July 2005)
population density 14.9 inhabitants per km ²
independence from Great Britain to 24. October 1964
currency Kwacha = 100 Ngwee
gros domestic product/inhabitant 823 US-$ (2006)
time belt UTC +2
national anthem Lumbanyeni Zambia (to conditions and sing OF Zambia)
Kfz characteristic Z
internet TLD .zm
preselection +260
Karte Afrikas, Sambia hervorgehoben
Karte Sambias

the Republic of Zambia [ˈzambi̯a] (Republic of OF Zambia [ˈzæmbɪə]) - before times Nordrhodesien - a state is in the southern Africa. It borders on Angola, the democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Simbabwe, Botswana and Namibia. Their name is derived from the river Sambesi . With the independence from Great Britain to 24. October 1964 accepted it the accompanying flag, coat of arms and Wahlspruch.

Table of contents

geography

the largest part of Zambia consists of relatively few reliefierten Hochebenen between 1.000 and 1.400 m over NN. In the eastern region the Muchinga mountains rise up according to different data toto 2,164 m highly up, the highest Landesstellle is with 2.301 m NN at a unnamed point in the Mafinga Hills.

Klimadiagramm Lusaka
Climatic diagram Lusaka

defiance of the relative proximity to the equator the temperatures are relatively low because of the altitude (the cold tropics),only in the north they are warm tropical; the rain time begins in October and ends in April.

The prevailing vegetation in far parts of the country are savannahs (see also Miombo).

The Sambesi rises in north Zambia and forms of Zambia south border tooNamibia, Botswana and Simbabwe (Viktoriafälle), whereby it flows through also the accumulated Karibasee.

See also: List of the cities in Zambia

population

of Zambia population consists of approximately 72 bantusprachigen ethnical groups, but 90% belong to sieveethnolinguistischen groups:Bemba, Luba, Nyanja - Chewa, Tonga, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde and Lozi. Most other groups are very small.

Traffic languages are English and (particularly in the north, the east and in the national center)as lingua franca Chi Bemba and in the west Rotse. Predominant group of religions is the Christianity into many, on different mission activity back going Denominationen.

Belonged to Zambia to the countries with the highest HEAVE - infection rate. This explains the strong decrease of the life expectancyin the last fifteen years of 60 (in the year 1990) on in the meantime only 37 years.

history

Still in the British protectorateNordrhodesien “wins Kenneth D. Kaunda 1964 with the United national IndependenceParty (UNIP) the government power and implements independence. But of Zambia wealth, copper, can neither by Südrhodesien by course be exported (UN sanctions against the there revolt of the white Farmer against Great Britain), nor furnishes it with strongly sinking world prices forCopper high incomes. Kenneth Kaunda is not able to dam the rising corruptness of administration and government party.1973 are explained to Zambia von Kaunda as the a party state, after there were unrests because of the new condition. Kaunda leaves after solid pressure of civil company and internationalGivers 1990 the first democratic multi-party choice since the first republic too. After a constitutional amendment and associated establishments of party 1991 Frederick Chiluba are selected to the new president, the new government party are now the MMD. After the disputed choice to 2. January 2002 become Levy Mwanawasa president and head of state. The choice is called of European Union observers chaotic and not fair.

politics

after the condition of 1991 are Zambia a Präsidialrepublik in the Commonwealth. At the point of the executive standsthe president selected for five years, who is commander in chief of the armed forces at the same time. A unique re-election is possible. The president appoints the Prime Minister. The parliament consists of 150 selected members. A strongest party is the Movement for multi-party Democracy,the party of the president. The length of the legislative period amounts to five years. 27 representatives of ethnical groups form the House OF Chiefs. The right nature orients itself at the British right as well as (usually family-legally) at tribal law.

provinces

the state arrangesitself in nine provinces:

(Capitals in parentheses)

economics

general

agriculture and particularly copper - and cobaltmining industry and - smelting in the Copperbelt, a mine district in the north, with large cities such as Kitwe, Ndola, Mufulira etc. In Kabwe (in central Zambia) also tin - and building of remaining suppl. Despite these economic efforts Zambia still countsto the poorest countries in the world: still 2003 amounted the portion of the population with less than 1 US Dollar per day to 64% (see also: Table: The highest poverty world-wide).

public expenditures

between 1992 and 2000the portion of the public expenditures for

Web on the left of


coordinates: 8°-18° S, 22°-34° O

 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)