Samoa

Malo Tutoatasi o Samoa (samoan.)
Independent State OF Samoa (English)
independent State of Samoa< /font>
Flagge Samoas
(Detail)
Wahlspruch: Fa'avae i le Atua Samoa

“Samoa is created on God.”

Office languages Samoan, English
capital Apia
system of government parliamentary democracy in Commonwealth
head of state Malietoa Tanumafili II.
Prime minister Tuilaepa Sailele Aiono Malielegaoi
surface 2,944 km ²
number of inhabitants 177,287
population density of 60.22 inhabitants per km ²
independence day 1. January 1962
currency Tala
time belt UTC - 11 hours
of national anthem The banner OF Freedom
Kfz characteristic WG
Internet TLD .ws
Preselection +685
Die Lage Samoas in Ozeanien
Samoa

Samoa (Malo Tutoatasi o Samoa/Independent State OF Samoa) is an island state, which is covered the western part of the Samoa islands and called therefore also Western Samoa. The eastern part belongs to the USA.


Table of contents

geography

Samoa lies in the southwest Pacific northeast from Fiji. The largest islands are Savai'i (1708 km ²) and Upolu (1118 km ²; Capitaland international airport). In addition the inhabited islands Manono, Apolima and six further, uninhabited isles come.

Samoa was traditionally in 11 districts partitioned, which however today only for the allocation of the electoral districts of importance is.

The only “city” of theCountry is Apia with approximately 60,000 inhabitants in the settlement area. About 45 villages form the city, but each village is still independent, can decide in internal affair freely and does this also. There is neither a central city administration forApia, still local administrations of the villages or a reporting department (identity cards o.a.). The development since the last census in October 2001 can become only very roughly estimated therefore.

climate

tropical-oceanically with a drying and a rain time (November until April).Steady southeast trade wind. The temperature varies from 20 to 30 °C and amounts to on the average 27 °C. Annual amount of precipitation is 2870 mm, of it alone 1900 mm from October to March. Even if Samoa not in the main idea line of the hurricanes, it lies nevertheless occasionally by heavy storms is met.

population

the country has 177,287 inhabitants (all numbers: Conditions 2004/2005).

Of it 0

  • are 14 years: 27.2% (24,517 m, 23,660 w)
  • 15 - 64 years: 66.4% (73,495 m,44,208 w)
  • 65 and more years: 6.4% (5,204 m, 6,203 w)

whereby the lack of Mrs. middle age is very remarkable (1 woman on 1,66 men). As a cause a superproportionally strong emigration is assumed of Mrs. middle age.

The middleThe old Samoaner amounts to 24.6 years (27.4 m, 21.4 w).

The Alphabetisierungsrate is about 98%.

The population decreased 2004 by 0,23%, which was also because of a net emigration of 1%. The number of deaths rate of babies is with 2,7% and the life expectancyat 70 years (68 m, 74 w).

Ethnical groups: Samoaner (a Polynesian people, the second largest after the Maori New Zealand) 92.6%, Euronesier (half-breeds Europeans with Polynesiern) 7.0%, European 0.4%.

About 5,000 foreigners live (thus humans without the nationality of Samoa)in Samoa (conditions approx. 2004). This no more than to is proportionate the colonial age (at that time about 24,000 Samoaner, approx. 300 Germans and 300 other foreigners in “German Samoa”).

A great many Samoaner live (and work) abroad, however around 130.000 in New Zealand.

languages

Samoan (a Polynesian language) and English.

religion

about 98.4% Christian.

Of it (conditions census 2001)

church and/or. Portion of Congregational
Church 34.7% believes
Roman-catholic church 19.7%
Methodist 15.0%
church Jesu Christi of the holy ones of the last days 12,7%
Pfingstbewegung 8,0%
Siebenten-Tags-Adventisten 3,5 %
Andere 6,4%

Viele traditionelle religiöse Vorstellungen (z.B. bad spirit) exists nevertheless further.

history

the history of the early settlement of Samoa is very uncertain. The earliest settlement is for approximately 1000 v. Chr.proven by the dating of clay/tone pieces of broken glass of the Lapita - culture.

Intensive relations with Tonga and Fiji existed since at least 1200 v. Chr. Tonga controlled Samoa for instance from 940 to 1250 n.Chr.

The first European, who found Samoa, was the Dutchman Jakob Roggeveen 1722. But by the mission acres British London Missionary Society starting from 1830 (temporary) the supremacy of Europe over Samoa was only justified. The Samoaner was fast christianisiert.

An American expedition under Charles Wilkes reached Samoa 1839 and left oneConsul. The British opened (probably) a consulate to 1847. A German commercial company opened its overseas trading station around 1855 and gave it also a German consul shortly thereafter.

In the trade with Samoa first the free one and Hanseatic city Hamburg lay by an address of theShipowner Cesar Godeffroy in front. But this did not remain unquestioned. All three foreign powers (later the Three Powers called) mixed with arguments relating to domestic affairs in particular around the highest position of power in the country with (in the long run up to the division 1900).

1878 received the USA thatPort Pago Pago on Tutuila (east Samoa), which was very important to them. One year after received a port to Germany with Apia on Upolu (Western Samoa).

1889 should be settled the struggles for power of many years by the Samoa document of Berlin (Berlin Treaty), bySamoa as a formally independent kingdom under the protectorate of the Three Powers is recognized.

At the latest after the death of the “king” Malietoa Laupepa (the first and only king of Samoa) again past in the year 1898 was it with the peace. Again gaveit more than two throne candidates and it came again to the fight and to the confrontation also the three “protecting powers”. 1889 one agrees on the division in two parts of the Inselgruppe, whereby Great Britain is compensated by other Pacific islands.


"Übersicht Der Deutschen Besitzungen im Stillen Ozean"
“Overview of the German possessions inPacific Ocean "

in the year 1900 east Samoa became American territory (in the future American Samoa, “American Samoa “). Western Samoa became the German colony (protected area) “Samoa”.

At the beginning of the 1. World war occupied New Zealand Western Samoa and received it 1920 as people federation mandate, 1946 as trust territory.

1918 died approximately a third of the Western Samoa niches population at the Spanish flu, after the military commander of New Zealand let a quarantine ship in Apia put on, by which the epidemic in the country were brought in.

In December 1928 one becamepeaceful mass demonstration against the occupation of New Zealand of soldiers of New Zealand with shots dissolved. 11 demonstrator, under it Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III, which became leaders of the Samoan movement of independence, killed, more than 50 humans hurt. Already for approximately 1880 it had active resistance thatSamoaner against the foreign rule given; 1903 came it to the establishment of the Mau, the Samoan movement of independence (slogan: “Samoa mo Samoa”/“Samoa the Samoanern”). The German colonial authorities suppressed the resistance with force of arms, interned and deportierten the leaders of the Mau, which however only toStabilization of the movement led. Under the rule of New Zealand (forceless) the resistance continued to increase.

1962 received its independence to Western Samoa again, as the first strangely controlled country south Pacific.

1970 became it member of the Commonwealth OF nation.

1997 became the state namechanged from Western Samoa to Samoa.

2002 apologized Helen Clarke, Prime Minister minister Neuseelands, officially for the “incompetent and inadequate treatment of Samoa during the first years of administration of New Zealand”, which was taken up in the country with large satisfaction. (a German apology stands unfortunately stillout…)

see also: Conflict around Samoa

economics

the agriculture employs 2/3 all Samoaner. But at the GROS DOMESTIC PRODUCT the agriculture (probable with fishing) is involved only with approximately 14%. The agricultural effective area amounts to 21% of the country. BesideKokospalmen are cultivated in particular bananas , Taro , Yams , coffee and cocoa. The agriculture was heavily met 1990 by eddy towers. A virus infestation of the Taro was added 1993.

The industry consists in particular of the production of autoparts, wood working to building materialas well as cigarette production from imported tobacco. The industry brings GROS DOMESTIC PRODUCT to about 23%. The autoparts become of Yazaki Samoa Ltd. (Japanese origin), with 2500 to 3000 persons employed the largest industrielle employer of Samoa produces. However the Asia crisis of 1998 struck also heretoo. Besides qualified workers are missing by the strong drift abroad.

The tourism develops to an important source of income and recovers slow from the break-down to that 11. September 2001 (about 90,000 visitors 2003, most of it Auslandssamoaner outAmerican Samoa and New Zealand). The entire service sector constitutes 63% GROS DOMESTIC PRODUCT.

Are exported in particular fish, autoparts and beer, in very small quantities only agricultural products. Strong increases register exports of medicinal plants (Kava, Nonu). In particular machines and food are imported.

The trade partners are predominantly New Zealand, Australia and other Pacific neighbors. The numbers vary however substantially.

The economy is carried strongly by abroad working Samoanern, which bring foreign exchange in the country. There is a strong domestic underemployment. Samoa gets considerable development assistance,predominantly from New Zealand, Australia, China and Japan. The European Union is involved with means for the improvement of the water supply as well as for the stabilization of village initiatives (Micro Projects).

Gross national income 2002:

  • 212 millions €
  • per inhabitant: 1233,63 €

domestic and foreign air traffic becomes by airNew Zealand, PolynesianBlue, Polynesian airlines, air Pacific as well as inter Iceland air completed. The largest airport is Apia Faleolo (APW).

politics

after the 1962 into force stepped condition are Samoa a parliamentary democracy. Since 1970Samoa is member of the Commonwealth, since 1976 also the UN.

The head of state is selected by the parliament on 5 years, however the present office holder (Malietoa Tanumafili II) on lifetime is selected, becomes therefore often falsely as a kingdesignation, is however only chieftain (Matai).

The legislation lies at the parliament (fono), 49 delegates enclosure, who are selected democratically for 5 years each. Entitled to vote all inhabitants are starting from 21 years, selectable however only Matai (ofthe extended families appointed family heads). Among them 47 delegates are selected. The remaining 2 delegates are selected by Samoanern, which are not bound to the Matai system.

In the parliament delegates of the governing party are represented to the protection of the human rights (HRPP) and thata democratic party of Samoa (SDUP) combined oppositionals.

The executive is at the government under presidency of the prime minister.

The highest court (supreme Court) has highest power of decision in civilian, punish and constitutional questions. Its chairman becomes from the head of state upSuggestion prime ministers appointed.

Samoa does not have own armed forces. New Zealand committed itself in the friendship treaty of 1962 to examine each assistance request of Samoa. At present Samoa does not have international conflicts.

Web on the left of

see also: Polynesian language


coordinates: 13°-15° S, 171°-173° W

 

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