Samuel Hood, 1. Viscount Hood

Sir Samuel Hood, 1. Viscount Hood OF Whitley, G.C.B. (* 12. October 1724; † 27. January 1816 in Bath) was an admiral of the British Royal Navy.

life

Admiral Sir Samuel Hood
admiral Sir Samuel Hood

he was the son of Samuel Hood, the Vikar of Butleigh in Somerset, and the older brother of admiral Alexander Hood, 1. Viscount Bridport. Samuel junior stepped to 6. May 1741 into the Royal Navy . As a sea-cadet (midshipman) it served a part its time with George Brydges Rodney on the Ludlow, and it became 1746 the second lieutenant. It had luck that it served among very active officers, among other things in the North Sea. In the year 1753 it became the commander of the Schaluppe Jamaica, and it served North America on it in the operational area. In the year 1756 he was temporarily a commander of the Antelope. It drove a French ship in the bay of Audierrie ashore and could two Piraten arrest. Its eagerness became the admiralty favorable-proves admits, so that it got soon its own ship. In the year 1759 he was a captain of the Vestal. There it enterte after hard combat the French ship Bellone (later renamed in Repulse). During the war it served the whole time in the English channel, and it was used under Rodney to sink 1755 the ships which were met an invasion of England planned from the Frenchmen to the troop transport for. In the year 1778 he transferred a command, which would have normally terminated its active career to sea. It became custodian threw by Portsmouth and governor of the naval academy. These offices were assigned regularly to officers, who withdrew themselves from the navigation.

During the royal attendance in Portsmouth 1780 he was appointed baron Hood OF Catherington (Peerage OF Irish country). Many admirals had rejected it, sand-yielded under lord to serve, and Rodney, which held the instruction at this time in the Karibik, deplored itself over support lacking by its Untergebenen, to who he accused commitment lacking. The admiralty, which was eagerly busy to secure itself the services of earned old officers carried Hood to 26. September 1780 to the countering admiral (Rear admiral), and sent it into the Karibik, so that it should serve as a deputy commander under Rodney, with which it personally admits was. It met Rodney in January 1781 on its flagship Barfleur, and remained in the Karibik or at the North American coast up to the end of the war of independence.

Expectation, it with Rodney to co-operate harmoniously, was not perfectly justified. The correspondence shows that they did not have particularly friendly relationship; but Hood always fulfilled its obligation, and so the question never resulted to withdraw him from its post. The unfavorable exit, which the campaign of 1781 took, resulted to a large extent from the neglect of Hoods advice from Rodney. If this Hood would have permitted to select its post he could possibly have prevented the Comte de Grasse to reach away Royal with reinforcement from France in April. When Rodney returned from health reasons in the autumn 1781 to England, Hood was instructed to return with the trunk of the fleet during the hurricane season to the North American coast. Hood followed admiral Thomas Graves the unsuccessful relief attempt for the enclosed army in Yorktown. The British fleet was driven out by De Grasse during the battle of Chesapeake.

1793 he became Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean squadron. He got the order Toulon to block the most important city of the Frenchmen in the Mediterranean, because its Mediterranean fleet lay there. By the Royalisten it knew the city even einehmen (August). In December it had to vacate however the city, because it was taken to the artillery under a young captain named Napoleon Bonaparte, under bombardment by the French army, in particular. 1794 he occupied Korsika and achieved some successes.

1796 he was raised to the Viscount Hood OF Whitley (Peerage OF Great Britain).

Lord Hood died 1816 in Bath and left a son.

Divide this text are based on the Encyclopedia Britannica of 1911.

See also: Viscount Hood


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)