San (people)

San vor Zweighütte
San before branch hut

the San (also: Shrub men, shrub human being, shrub people, Basarwa) were the first inhabitants of the southern Africa.

The term San decreases/goes back to the designation of the Nama in the cape region of South Africa .

San and Khoi Khoi often becomeas Khoisan in summary.

The San attributed proverb reads: “You come and you go. But if you come back, you will remain. To “

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shrub men of the peoplethe San
woman from the people of the San

data concerning the first settlement of the southern Africa through the San go far apart: they go back from approximately 1,000 years until 25,000 years. The San maintained a nomadischen hunter and collecting tank - life-style.In the course of the time they became of Khoi Khoi groups, above all however starting from that 15. Century pushed aside by Bantu - speaking groups ever further into inhospitable areas.

the Netherlands governors led 1652 ( establishment of Capetown) to 1830 regularly destruction courses against thoseapprox. 200,000 San of the cape region through. The survivors fled into the Kalahari or on the farms of the Europeans were enslaved.

1904, following the war against the Herero, went the German colonial force on the area to thatcolony at that time German southwest Africa (the today's Namibia) similarly against the San forwards.

However in Botswana no systematic pursuit of the San took place by Europeans.

Up to the independence of Namibia in the year 1990 the South African army set about 3,000 San as Fährtensucher approximatelythe movement of independence SWAPO . Similarly the Portuguese colonial gentlemen in Angola proceeded , which led after the independence of Angola to large driving of the San out.

the San today

gave it before 2,000 years to still about 300,000 to 400,000San, then are it today in the entire southern Africa still about 100.000. In Botswana (49.000), Namibia (38.000), South Africa (4.500), Angola (6.000), Zambia (1.600) and Simbabwe (1.200) they represent only a minority.

A majority is on farms as a workeremployed. Only few today still live in traditional way.

Roy Sesana, which is called Tobee Tcori in its language actually, was lent to 2005 of the alternative Nobelpreis for its employment to the receipt of the traditional way of life of the San.

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