a satellite city is a city, which is settled in the surrounding field of a larger town center. It is usually closely interlaced with the town center opposite the satelite town, since it does not offer sufficient jobs, supplying, retail trade and service functions in its structure. Of satellite cities is characteristicthe portion of occupation commuters, small compared with satellite cities.
Satellitenstädte sind zumeist nicht gewachsen, sondern wurden geplant. Die zentralen Elemente wie Schule, Einkaufszentren, Ärzte u.ä. befinden sich im Kerngebiet (-->Town center and auxiliary zone, model after O. Boustedt: 1970).
Opposite of the satellite city is the satelite town, which is characterised in particular by the higher portion of occupation commuters.
The definition of the terms satelite town and satellite city is disputed, whereby hereone follows to that far common organization, also the Heineberg, the author of the standard work “sketch general geography: Town geography " follows. E.G. Yard master uses the two terms exactly in the reverse way.
A positive variant of the satellite city is the garden city.
Satellite cities become in the English as “satellite town center”,in the French as “cité satellite” and in the Russian as “gorod sputniki 2. Order " designates. In the Soviet Union many cities and settlements from that did not develop for anything after the model of the satellite cities. These are well-known also under the term Mikrorajon.
classical satellite cities
in Germany,Years of construction, number of the dwellings:
- Newly Vahr, Bremen, 1957-1962, 10,000 dwellings
- Märki quarter, Berlin, early 1970er, 17,000 dwellings
- Gropiusstadt, Berlin, 1965-1972, 18,500 dwellings
- Oberreut, Karlsruhe 1969, 1980, 1988, 4200 dwellings
- newPerl oh, Munich, 1967-1979 and 1980-1991
- bird seaweed, Mannheim