Satyajit Ray

Satyajit Ray (bengali: সত্যজিত্রায়, Satyajit Rāy; * 2. May 1921 in Kolkata; † 23. April 1992 ebd.) was an Indian film director. Beyond the Unterhaltungsindustrie Bollywood in Bombay developed Ray one of the Neorealismus of the French and Italian film (Jean Renoir, Vittorio De Sica) inspired, human style. Its films are almost exclusively in its native language Bengali.

Table of contents

lives and work

Ray was born into a well-off bengalische artist family. Its grandfather Upendrakishore Ray Chowdhuri is as authors of child literature, musician and scientist well-known, in particular worth mentioning the fable collection Tuntunir bay. Its father Sukumar Ray was Bengalens of most popular authors of Nonsense verses (collection: Khai Khai), it died as Ray was two and a half years old. Ray wrote numerous books, among them a set of mystery stories for children, with Feluda (a bengalischen detective) and professor Shanku (a scientist).

Already its debut PATHER PANCHALI (1955) brought it - and for the first time also the Indian film - world-wide acknowledgment. The film achieved approximately a dozen of film prices, under it 1956 the special price of the jury with the film festivals of Cannes. It was the first part of its APU Trilogie (Pather panchali, Aparajito and Apur sansar), which rank among the milestones of the international cinema. For its films MAHANAGAR (1963) and CHARULATA (1964) it received the silver bears of the citizens of Berlin of film festivals, ASHANI WOULD SINK in each case (1973) with the golden bear was distinguished. 1978 he received for SHATRANJ KE KHILARI (his only film in Urdu/Hindi and English), in which also smelling pool of broadcasting corporations Attenborough as an actor to be seen is, the film-far Best Director Award. After Ray had to withdraw into the 1980er years first illness from the film work, with its age works SHAKHA PROSHAKA (1990) and AGANTUK (1991) succeeded to him, latter produced from Gérard Depardieu, again outstanding film art.

Satyajit Ray filmed apart from own also narrations of other bengalischer authors. Its largest commercial success, the child film GOOPY GYNE BAGHA BYNE (1968), is based on a history its grandfather Upendrakishore Ray Chowdhuri. GHARE BAIRE (1984), dt. The home and the world, and TEEN KANYA (1961) are filmings of narrations Rabindranath Tagores, which it appreciated also with a documentary film. With GANASHATRU (1989), it created an Indian adaptation of Henrik Ibsens a people enemy.

1987 it the honor Officier dans l'Ordre kinds et the Lettres of François Mitterrand lent, which traveled in addition particularly after Kolkata to the bettlägerigen Ray. Briefly before its death 1992 it received the highest Indian civil medal Bharat Ratna and by the Academy OF Motion Picture kind to and Sciences with the OSCAR for its life's work was honoured. Its nominating was supported by Martin Scorsese , John Schlesinger , James Ivory , George Lucas and Elia Kazan. The award in absence Rays was justified with the words: “In recognition OF his rare mastery OF the kind OF motion pictures, and OF his profound humanitarian outlook, which has had to indelible influence on filmmakers and of audiences the throughout world.” It received its most important Trophäe on the dying bed.

Beside Ritwik Ghatak and Mrinal Sen Ray was a most renowned bengalische director of the non-commercial cinema. The Japanese director Akira Kurosawa is quoted with the words: „The cinema of Ray to have seen, is not called, to be in the world without seeing the sun or the moon. “

Since 1996 by the British Satyajit Ray Foundation of the Satyajit Ray Award to the director are lent, who comes with its film debut of the cinematic vision Rays shown on London film festival next.

Filmografie

of features

short and documentary films

  • 1961 Rabindranath Tagore
  • 1964 Two
  • 1971 Sikkim
  • 1972 The internal eye
  • 1976 Bala
  • 1980 Pikoo
  • 1981 Sadgati
  • 1987 Sukumar Ray

Bibliografie

of Ray

over Ray

Andrew Robinson, Satyajit Ray: The internal eye, 1989

Web on the left of


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)