Saverio Mercadante

Saverio Mercadante

Giuseppe Saverio Raffaele Mercadante (baptized 17. September 1795 in Altamura with Bari; † 17. December 1870 in Neapel) was an Italian opera composer.

Mercadante received its artistic training at the Collegio della Pietà dei to Turchini in Neapel under Niccolò Zingarelli and achieved 1818 with the Kantate L'unione depression barks arti a first and shining success. From now on he dedicated his activity as a composer nearly only to the stage and wrote alone in the next five years 21 operas.

From 1827 to 1830 it was active in Madrid and other cities of Spain than composer and conductor of the Italian opera theatres.

Returned to Italy, he was appointed 1833 as a successor of Pietro Generali the Kapellmeister of the Katehdrale of November era. 1840 it became as a successor Zingarellis director of the royal conservatoire in Neapel, where it, since went blind to 1861, died 1870.

In August 1876 in Neapel a monument was established to it.

Mercadante is considered as beside Bellini and Donizetti most important Italian opera composer of the time between Rossini and Verdi. It was very successful during its lifetimes, its operas in completely Italy and often also abroad often still for many years after its premiere was played. In order 1880-1890 began to fade its gloss however, and its operas did not emerge nearly more on the play plans of the opera houses. Since approx. 1970 becomes Mercadantes operas in particular with on rarely specified Italian operas specialized opera houses and festivals such as z. B. in Martina Franca or Wexford increases again easily.

Besides Mercadante was active however also as a composer of instrument valley concerts. Thus it wrote for example a set of flute concerts, from which the most famous might probably be in e-moll.

works

  • L'apoteosi d'Ercole (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1819)
  • Violenza e costanza, ossia I falsi monetari (UA Teatro Nuovo, Neapel 1820; later than IL castello dei spiriti, Lisbon 1825)
  • Anacreonte in Samo (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1820)
  • IL geloso ravveduto (UA Teatro Valle, Rome, 1820)
  • Scipione in Cartagine (UA Teatro Argentina, Rome, 1820)
  • Maria Stuarda, regina di Scozia (UA Teatro Comunale, Bologna, 1821)
  • Elisa e Claudio, ossia L'amore protetto dall'amicizia (UA Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 1821)
  • Andronico (UA Teatro La Fenice, Venice, 1821)
  • IL posto abbandonato, ossia ennobles OD Emerico (UA Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 1822)
  • Amleto (UA Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 1822)
  • Alfonso OD Elisa (UA Teatro Nuovo, Mantua, 1822; revised version as Aminta OD bad Irish Republican Army, UA Reggio Emilia, 1823)
  • Didone abbandonata (UA Teatro Regio, Turin, 1823)
  • Gli sciti (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1823)
  • Costanzo OD Almeriska (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1823)
  • Gli amici di Siracusa (UA Teatro Argentina, Rome, 1824)
  • Doralice (UA Kärntnertortheater, Vienna, 1824)
  • Le nozze di Telemaco OD Antiope (Pasticcio, UA Kärntnertortheater, Vienna, 1824)
  • IL podesta di Burgos, ossia IL signore del villaggio (UA Kärntnertortheater, Vienna, 1824)
  • Nitocri (UA Teatro Regio, Turin, 1824)
  • Ipermestra (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1825)
  • Erode, ossia Marianna (UA Teatro La Fenice, Venice, 1824)
  • Caritea, regina di Spagna (Donna Caritea), ossia La morte di Don Alfonso RH di Portogallo (UA Teatro La Fenice, Venice, 1826)
  • Ezio (UA Teatro Regio, Turin, 1827)
  • IL montanaro (UA Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 1827)
  • La testa bronzo, ossia La capanna solitaria (UA private theatre of baron Quintella in Laranjeiras, Lisbon; 1827)
  • Adriano in Siria (UA Teatro de São Carlo, Lisbon, 1828)
  • Gabriella di Vergy (UA Teatro de São Carlo, Lisbon, 1828; revised version Genova, 1832)
  • La rappresaglia (UA Teatro Principal, Cadiz, 1829)
  • Don Chisciotte all nozze di Gamaccio (UA Teatro Principal, Cadiz, 1830)
  • Francesca Rimini ( 1831, probably not specified) Zaïra
  • ( UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1831) I
  • normanni A Parigi ( UA Teatro Regio, Turin, 1832) Ismalia
  • , ossia Amore e morte there (UA Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 1832)
  • IL conte di Essex (UA Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 1833)
  • Emma d'Antiochia (UA Teatro La Fenice, Venice, 1834)
  • Uggero IL danese (UA Teatro Riccardi, Bergamo, 1834)
  • La gioventù di Enrico V (UA Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 1834)
  • I due Figaro (1827-1829; UA Teatro Principe, Madrid, 1835)
  • Francesca Donato, ossia Corinto distrutta (UA Teatro Regio, Turin, 1835; revised version: Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1845)
  • I briganti (UA Théâtre Italy, Paris, 1836; revised and supplemented Fassunt: 1853)
  • IL giuramento (UA Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 1837)
  • Le due illustri rivali (UA Teatro La Fenice, Venice, 1838)
  • Elena there Feltre (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1839)
  • IL bravo (La veneziana) (UA Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 1839)
  • La vestale (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1840)
  • La solitaria depression Asturie, ossia La Spagna ricuperata (UA Teatro La Fenice, Venice, 1840)
  • IL proscritto (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1842)
  • IL reggente (UA Teatro Regio, Turin, 1843; revised and supplemented version: Triest, 1843)
  • Leonora (UA Teatro Nuovo, Neapel, 1844)
  • IL Vascello de Gama (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1845)
  • Orazi e Curiazi (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1846)
  • La schiava saracena, ovvero IL campo di Gerosolima (UA Teatro alla Scala, Milan, 1848; revised version: Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1850)
  • Medea (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1851)
  • Statira (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1853)
  • Violetta (UA Teatro Nuovo, Neapel, 1853)
  • Pelagio (UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel, 1857)
  • Virginia (1845-1855; UA Teatro San Carlo, Neapel 1866)
  • L'orfano di Brono, ossia Caterina dei Medici (only 1. Act)


 

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