Schimon Peres

Shimon Peres

Schimon Peres (Hebrew שמעוןפרס, originally Szymon Persky; * 15. August 1923 in Wiszniew, at that time Poland, today white Russia) is one of the serve-oldest Israeli politicians and was a boss of the Israeli work party.

He was from 1984 to 1986 a respected Prime Minister Israels and was also after the murder Rabins from 1995 to 1996 again for short time prime minister. He was an also deputy head of the government and minister of foreign affairs of Israel in the government Ariel Scharonsfrom 2001 to 2002. Since January 2005 he is a vice-Prime Minister.

Table of contents

initial years

Schimon Peres was born in the city Visznia, which belonged at that time to Poland, and moved 1934with its family after Tel Aviv out. He was trained at the Geula school in Tel Aviv and the Landwirtschaftsschule by Ben Schemen.

In the year 1947 it became into the Hagana, which predecessors of the Zahal called up and got,assigned by David Ben Gurion the task range personal and weapon procurement. Within this range he worked also in the Israeli war of independence. In the year 1950 Peres was sent as a director/conductor of a delegation of the Ministry of Defense into the USA. While his stay studied thereit to the Harvard University. To Israel it was returned 1952 deputy general manager of the Ministry of Defense and 1953 even general manager. It was considerably responsible for the weapon procurement for the still recent State of Israel. Thus it closed 1957 with at that timeGerman Secretary of Defense Franz Josef bunch a formal, but agreement secretly held. Before captured Soviet weapons had been conveyed to the opinion. Peres' efforts were particularly successful, which concerns the procurement of the French combat aircraft Dassault Mirage III and a French atomic reactor.

political career

Peres mit Lionel Jospin
Peres with Lionel Jospin

1959 it as a delegate of the Mapai into the Knesset were selected. Of 1959 - 1965 he was a deputy Secretary of Defense. 1969 he was appointed the Minister for immigration and integration. finally 1970 becameit Ministers for transport and communication.1974 after one period as information Ministers he became a Secretary of Defense of the government of Jitzhak Rabin. Between 1977 and 1992 he was as a boss of the work party also vice-president of the socialist international ones, both posts hadit between 2003 and 2005 again.

Although it never won a choice was it twice - from 1984 to 1986 as part of a rotation arrangement with the Likud - a politician Yitzhak Shamir) and again between 1995 and 1996after murder of Jitzhak Rabin Prime Minister Israels. 1996 arranged Prime Minister Peres after missile attacks of the Hizbollah on north Israel the operation of “fruits of the anger” in the Lebanon , in whose consequence during an Israeli artillery bombardment of headquarters UNIVERSITY-FELL - FIJIBATT contingent in Qanato 18. April 1996 numerous UN blue helmet soldiers and Lebanese civilians death found.

It received 1994 together with Jassir Arafat and Jitzchak Rabin the Nobel peace prize for its earnings/services in the peace process from Oslo. 1997 it created the Peres center forPeace.

1996, during its term of office as an Prime Minister were met during a military action, which was led on its instruction against the Hisbollah, inadvertently a UN-basis in the southLebanese Qana. Over 100 humans died thereby and 300 were wounded.The incident cost later the crucial Arab voices in the lost step-by-step selection to Peres to the Prime Minister against Netanjahu.

Peres remains inexorable supporter of the Oslo agreement and the Palestinian autonomy process despite the first Intifada and the aluminium-Aqsa-Intifada. Peres in that supported neverthelessOpposition Ariel Scharons military politics, the Israeli army begins to prevent around suicide assassination attempts and to destroy the “infrastructure of the terror”.

Often - even if it in the opposition actual acts Peres as the “Erklärer” of Israel and its politics,this is possible for it due to its large Reputation in the international public and within the diplomatic circles. Peres defends of Israel security politics in the points fight against the terrorism and building of the Israeli check plants against international criticism and against the Delegitimierungby per-Palestinian circles.

Although he already celebrated 2003 in large circle its 80sten birthday, he applies in Israel more than ever as energetic and lively politicians.

It occurred also as a vice-Prime Minister the “government of the national unit”, those Ariel Scharon 2005 formed, in order to implement the one-sided retreat from the Gaza Strip.

In November 2005 it did not create it to defend the presidency of its party and was subject to its challenger Amir Peretz. Thereupon new elections in Israel became inevitable.

Peres was not ready to work under the new party chief Peretz which did not want to assure a secured place on the list of candidates for the elections to it in the year 2006. After long Hadern and intensive efforts Scharons, decided Peres to 30. November 2005 upRecommend its closest coworkers to withdraw from the work party and to support the again-created party of the center Kadima of the Israeli Prime Minister. It belonged before the Awoda 60 years. It justified this step thereby that Scharon was the most suitable person, oneTo state coalition for peace and security. Scharon has the best chances to revive the peace process with the Palestinians. After the illness Scharons became Ehud Olmert leading candidate of the Kadima; Schimon Peres stands as a candidate at list place 2.

family

Schimon Peresis married with Sonja (geb. Gelman) and has one daughter and two sons (Tzvia, Yoni and chemistry). Tzvia (Tziki) Walden Peres is a linguist, chemistry is a chairman of the Pitango venture Capital, one of the largest Israeli risk capital funds.

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