Battle on the Eriesee

the battle on the Eriesee of 10. September 1813 between a British and American fleet took place during the British-American war of 1812 on the Eriesee in the PUT in Bay (Ohio) and ended with an American victory.

Schlacht auf dem Eriesee, 10. September 1813
Battle on the Eriesee, 10. September 1813

in September 1813 had won the US fleet on the Eriesee under olive Hazard Perry in terms of figures the over hand over the British fleet under COMM other Robert Heriot Barclay, suffering from lack of supply and equipment. The Americans could lead nine ships into the fight, the British only six. Since the British ships and with that the Detroit of standing ground forces under Henry Procter, conquered, were cut off to 1812 by the American ships of their supply and them food, ammunition and money went out, Barclay had to finally dare the fight, in order to force an abolition of the blockade. In order sufficiently, he had to take infantrymen to crews to gotten on board. The British fleet consisted of the ships Detroit (flagship) and Queen Charlotte, the Brigg Hunter, the Schonern lady Prevost and Chippeway and the Slup Little Belt. Perry had however the Briggs Lawrence (flagship), Niagara and Caledonia, the Schoner Ariel, Scorpion, Somers, Porcupine and Tigress as well as the Slup Trippe. The superiority of the Americans was artillery still more oppressive, there the British ships partly only with light, insufficient cannons was equipped. While a broadside of the American fleet weighed 896 Pound, the British could apply only 459 Pound.

With daybreak 10. Septembers sighted into the PUT in Bay (Ohio) American lying before anchors the British ships, which thereupon formed a Gefechtslinie. The Americans attacked it in an irregular line and approached in a pointed angle. Since first only one part of the American ships intervened effectively in the fight, carried the Scorpion, Ariel, Chesapeake and Lawrence on, the Caledonia, Detroit, Queen Charlotte and the Chippeway on the other side the main interest of the fight. In an embittered fight it succeeded to the British to put and shoot to the wreck the Lawrence out of action. They suffered however even heavy damage, in particular the flagship Detroit and the Queen Charlotte. Barclay was heavily wounded and brought under deck. Before its flagship painted the flag, Perry changed on the Niagara and led to a large extent intact ship as well as the three so far at the fight seriously did not take part Schoner to the break-through by the British line. The British ships sat down embittered to the resistance, were however already so strongly damaged by preceding combat that they were partly not maneuverable. After a four-hour battle those painted at 15 o'clock the flag to Detroit. Nearly all British ships were only wrecks, only the Chippeway and the Little Belt still were able to undertake an escape attempt had however the Trippe and the Scorpion to arise. The Americans had 27 dead ones and 96 wounded lost, the British 41 dead ones and 94 wounded. The Lawrence had suffered the main part of the losses on American side, which had lost 83 dead ones and wounded ones with 103 men crew. Most British victims it had given on that to Detroit and the Queen Charlotte.

After the end of the battle Perry wrote famous a message become general William Henry Harrison:

Dear general:
Incoming goods have met the enemy and they acres ours. Two ships, two brigs, one schooner and one sloop.
Yours with great respect and esteem,
O.H. Perry

for the first time in history had been defeated a British fleet and completely the enemy into the hands pleases. Barclay, which had only one arm (Tecumseh: “Our Father with One arm”), met no debt at this defeat however, since he had outstanding led his fleet in combat. The American supremacy had been decisive. After its release from the shank it was honorably acquitted in a naval warfare court hearing.

The American victory had crucial effects for the theater west the Ontariosees. It forced the British to the task of Detroit and most conquests of 1812 and made it for general possible Harrison to advance to Canada and to intercept and in the battle at the Thames River to ream the British land troops as well as their indianischen allied ones on the retreat. Thus the war was essentially terminated and in this range to a large extent eliminated the British operational readiness level in the northwest. Together with the battle at the Thames River and the American victory of flat castle 1814 the American victory on the Eriesee was a substantial factor for the fact that the British government at the end of of 1814 consented on a peace treaty on the basis of the status quo and did without conquests.

The Lawrence and the Niagara were sunk by US Navy in the Eriesee, since the engagements damage was so heavy that a repair was not worthwhile itself any longer. The Lawrence was lifted 1875 and issued in Philadelphia, destroyed there however by a fire. The Niagara was lifted 1913 likewise and restored, disintegrated however for lack of konservatorischer measures. Finally the ship was dismantled. Parts were used for a reconstruction, which is issued in Erie (Pennsylvania).

literature

  • Theodore Roosevelt: The was with the United States, in: William Laird Clowes: The Royal Navy. A History from the earliest times ton of 1900, volume. 6, London 1901, S. 1-180, here S. 117-128
 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)