Battle with Lundy's Lane

American infantry during the battle
battle with Lundy's Lane
conflict British-American war
date 25. July 1814
place at a road (“Lundy's Lane”) in the proximity Niagara River in Canada
result British victory
Contractor
Great Britain the USA
commanders
Sir Gordon Drummond Jacob Brown
Truppenstärken
2,800 men 2,900 men
of losses
878 dead ones and wounded ones 854 dead ones and wounded one

the battle with Lundy's Lane of 25. July 1814 between the British and Americans took place during the British-American war of 1812 in Canada in that the proximity Niagara of the River and ended tactically without a clear victory, was however strategically a British success.

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process

at the beginning of of July 1813 advanced American troops under general Jacob Brown after several futile invasion attempts in Canada over the Niagara River to Canada. At the 3. July succeeded the income of the border fortress away to Erie, to 5. July triumphed an American brigade under Brigadier General Winfield Scott in the battle with Chippewa over a British contingent under Sir Phineas Riall. After this victory Brown with its troops advanced on Queenston (Ontario), gave the attack up however, since he did not receive sufficient support by the US fleet on the Ontariosee under Kommodore Isaac Chauncey. Brown pulled itself thereupon after Chippewa back, in order to advance from there out over country to the west end of the Ontariosees. The British had pulled however 2,200 soldiers together with Lundy's Lane as well as 1,500 further in away George and away Niagara. With a clearing-up raid Scotts brigade pushed 25 on afternoon . July with Lundy's Lane coincidentally on British troops standing there, about 1,000 men under Sir Phineas Riall, which had stationed itself there on a hill back and by one sent set up cannon battery were covered. Gradually both Browns seized entire army (2,900 men) and in the proximity the British troops, altogether about 2,800 men under lieutenant general Sir Gordon Drummond, into the fight in. The Americans attacked over open area durchzogenes of fences and under heavy losses were back-thrown. Brown made the error to send its troops individually into the Kamf instead of leading a massed attack. In particular Scotts brigade suffered very heavy losses. The soldiers of both sides suffered strongly from the large heat and the powder steam, which did not take off and which view limited strongly. At a number of involving heavy losses attacks it succeeded to the US troops against 21:00 clock to take and cause to the anmarschierenden British reinforcement by artillery fires from short distance heavy losses the British gun position. The British undertook a number of involving heavy losses counter attacks, with which it came often to close-in engagements. Due to the darkness and it powder steam came it again and again to mistakes and shootings between soldiers of the own side. It did not succeed to Drummonds soldier to advance up to the cannons but could it off the American cannon operations switch. In order the Americans finally withdrew themselves midnight, because their connecting lines were overstretched and they had suffered to large losses, in order to hold the hill crest. The Americans could carry a cannon forward, the remainder fell again into British hands. The totally exhausted British soldiers threw themselves on the soil, where they had confessed, and slept between mountains of dead ones. Brown and Scott wounded, likewise for Drummond, Riall turned out into American shank.

results

combat with Lundy's Lane was the bloodiest battle, which took place ever on Canadian soil. The British lost 878, those Americans 854 dead ones and wounded one. Both sides stressed the victory for itself. The Americans had vacated the British lines not to break through not to be able and the battleground, which had however only been able to occupy the British this, because the Americans had withdrawn themselves. Lundy's Lane a British success was strategic, since the Americans had their invasion to break off and from Canada withdraw themselves. Thus the last realistic possibility failed of reaching the war goal of the conquest of Canada since the British after the end of the fights against Napoleon now increases reinforcement from Europe received. The US troops knew still another FE storage from away Erie (to 21. Septembers) successfully exist, gave the border fortress and thus its last conquest on Canadian soil however to 5. November up.


see also

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