Battle ship

This article overlaps thematically with [[capital ship]] {{#if: | and [[{{{3}}}]]}} {{#if: | and [[{{{4}}}]]}}. Help to define or combine the articles better from each other. You find a guidance for the use of the collecting main and a list of the past multiple entries under Wikipedia: Article to the same topic. Askthere expresses you, before you remove the component.--RK 00:04, 19. Mär 2006 (CET)

Bismarck in August 1940
the Yamato, the largest and strongest battle ship
the USS Iowa fires a full salvo. One considers the pressure wave on the water

as battle ships designates onearmored capital ships 19. and 20. Century. These warships were called first also liners, following the squadron liners of the sail age, or also as tank ships. With introduction of the unit caliber battle ship generally became generally accepted as type designation. An exception was the imperial navy,this type up to the end of the First World War as large liner classified. Special one means however the capital ships 20. Century with their water displacement of up to 70.000 t. Battle ships were more strongly armored and better armed than all other contemporary ships.

Table of contents

history

during the First World War were these swimming fortresses with their sometimes up to 1.400 men strong crews ruler inside of the seas. These ships lifted themselves from the liners outgoing 19. Century by the fact off thatthe usual number of four main guns of the caliber of 24-30.5 cm in two towers to 8-14 cannons (28-34.3 cm) in up to seven towers were increased and replaced the piston steam engines by steam turbines. The first ship with such a configuration was the HMS Dreadnought. In The First World War the first super Dreadnoughts was built like the HMS of being pits with far stronger armoring and cannon calibers by 38,1 cm. An unparalleled arms race began, which was exceeded in its extents only by the cold war. Largest meeting one another of battle ships was the Skagerrakschlacht (English. BattleOF Jutland) to 31. May 1916, as and. A. 21 Germans against 37 British capital ships fought.

But in the Second World War the weak point also this tactical weapon already showed up: Battle ships were increasingly only insufficiently protected from attacks by airplanes. Throughthe innovative developments in the air sector had become outdated battle ships. The losses of the German battle ships Bismarck and Tirpitz, the British ships Prince OF Wales and Repulse as well as the losses of the US Navy in Pearl Harbor showed this clearly. Sinking with something over 70.000 tons the largestthis seemed to finally prove battle ships Yamato and Musashi (Japanese navy, main battery with nine 46 cm cannons), ever built. It was shown also that battle ships were entangled with one another only rarely into engagements - with the hunt for Bismarck, sinking the crowd refuge by those HMS Duke OF York, the sea-battle with Punta Stilo in the Mediterranean, the sea-battle around Guadalcanal and combat in the Surigao road in the Philippines - and therefore a bad cost-benefit ratio exhibited. Battle ships worked as “swimming artillery” with landing operation, these tasks could in addition, by smaller, cheaper ships and combat aircraft to be taken over. Thus battle ships were superseded after the Second World War in most marine ones of the world. The last activated units were the British HMS Vanguard 1946 and due to many delays only the 1949 in serviceFrench Jean posed Bart. Only the USA maintained still some decades of long four old, however additionally already battle ships from the Second World War, re-tooled with cruise missiles , as deterrence against the heavy cruisers of the Soviet Union and to the coastal bombardment among other things in the Viet Nam war.

After the second Gulf Warbecame the last battle ship of the USA, those new jersey, to 8. February 1991 superseded. However the Iowa and Wisconsin are led still from US Navy in the naval register as reserve ships and could be activated relatively simply again. Nevertheless is the erathe battle ships thereby probably terminates. Today dominate small frigates, cruisers, large aircraft carriers and submarines the seas.

literature

  • Howarth, David (Hrsg.): The battle ships, Bechtermünz publishing house, ISBN 3-86047-030-2
  • John Jordan: Battle ships and battle cruiser, Podzun Pallas publishing house, ISBN 3-79090-365-5

See also

Web on the left of

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