Lock Chambord

lock Chambord is been appropriate the largest lock (French Château) the Loireregion, for 15 km von Blois. It became under Franz I. (François 1er) as splendor and hunting seat establishes.

The lock Chambord with water ditch; out there the part flanked by the middle two towers is the actual square Corps de Logis, the link units to the two outside towers is galleries of small building depth, to the two outside towers closes

the Seitentrakte at lock Chambord is the most powerful building certification Vincis epoch, stone-become vision of the French king Franz I. in 16. Century. one began 1519 on its go-eats with the building, which 1539, as the king there emperors Karl V. received, yet was not final. Lock and park are surrounded long from a wall, eight way hours after measurement at that time - corresponds 32 kilometer. In the associated forest the impetuous Franz I. produced. its Parforcejagden, with which wild pigs and deer were rushed to death. The hunting ground, with 5.433 hectares nearly as largely as the surface of Paris, forms the frameworks for the probably most magnificent all Loireschlösser. During such a hunt in the lock up to 10.000 persons, the few were accommodated certainly in own rooms or in beds, which predominant part had to sleep on the enormous passages in camp beds. The new building of the Renaissance lock was the result of royal size illusion; magnificently however uninhabitable in principle. Numbers, which demand also today still respect: 1,800 workers drove Holzpfähle as foundations five meters deeply into the swampy soil. Bricklayers laminated stone over 15 years long on stone. The lock counts six high towers, 440 areas, 365 fire places and 84 stairs. Altogether the construction period took 25 years - with changes and rework however still longer.

Central double-barreled Wendelstein of the Corps de Logis, that probably on there Vinci decreases/goes back

the sketch is extremely regular. The Corps de Logis, who is flanked by two wings, has the basic form of a square, whose corners come up into one powerful tower each. The center of this square (and thus the entire plant) forms the stairway, which is formed there by enormous and Wendelstein flowing going through up to the roof into the roof lantern. This four passages go off Wendelstein on each floor cross-shaped and orthogonal to the sides of the square, whose everyone is so large for itself that therein a single family house place would find (recognizable above the three window yokes in the picture, which are on each floor in the center of the front part flanked by the two middle towers, are the firm openings of the face such of a passage, whose leads other face on central Wendelstein; the three other sides of the square Corps de logis not recognizable in the picture are exactly the same arranged).

Chambord, details of the roof landscape

in the corners of the square, thus left and on the right each passage, are apartments, i.e. final dwellings consisting for ever a person of anteroom, room and cabinet or clothes. Also in each of the towers such an apartment is per floor, so that on each floor altogether eight dwellings are (four in the corners and four in the towers). That architecturally consistently and alone on the basis of formative criteria sketched concept of the lock lets jedweden housing comfort miss however. Nevertheless are (few) the sanitary mechanisms of amazing Raffinesse: the latrines leading the Unrat into the cellar like the large company potash storage tank over by the cellar up to the roof leading ventilation shafts, in which the wind painting over the roof-lateral openings produces a negative pressure and exhausts thus the gases and smells over roof, are aired out.

One of the four tiled stoves from Meissener porcelain, which was installed by Moritz from Saxonia to the increase of the housing comfort; clearly identifiable the coat of arms cartouche by the Kranzgesims with the Saxonian coat of arms.

The Wehrhaftigkeit was only light - architecture should radiate the power of the king (if one does not recognize the minimum deterrent effect of the ditches opposite thieves and similar criminal ones). Also the social structure of the epoch around 1550 is reflected therein: the lower buildings carry the terrace city, as the people the main loads of the state to shoulders had. Over it a roof landscape from Zinnen, Türmchen, fire-places, Giebeln and dormers blazes, representatively of Klerus and aristocracy. In the center of the roof mountains, over everything raised, the king tower with the royal lily. In the tower are two rooms. Everywhere are symbolful „the F “, the fusion of Franz and France as well as the feuerspeiende Salamander, the coat of arms animal of the king and embodiment of the slogan „I burn everything - without to burn “. In this gigantic lock wonderful dear hunts could be organized. Also that was whole in the sense of the royal owner. Particularly gladly he teased the lady world, which makes it possible due to its Dopplhelixstruktur that two persons commit it opposite on the famous double-barreled spiral stair, without meeting on the way, although they remain in visual contact. An apparent miracle, most likely risen from Leonardo there Vincis ingenious spirit.

But the gigantic lock remained only splendourful covering. Only the sun king Ludwig XIV., it still used owners brother in the spirit for opulente celebrations. The travel-merry Franz I. however it did not bear 19 nights in Chambord.

, Like all French king locks (with exception of lock Versailles) were neither constantly inhabited nor constantly furnished. If it should be used to hunt or other purposes, personnel and furniture from Versailles, where there was a royal furniture depot, had to be herangekarrt.

Central lantern over central Wendelstein of the middle Korpus´ (Corps de logis).
The famous frz. Marshal Moritz of Saxonia (Maurice de Saxe) served it up to his death 1750 as domicile. The field gentleman ungeschlagene with its soldiers much liked and time life let the surrounding sumps drying put, in order to prevent dangers of epidemics, which prevailed particularly with the Gesinde. Besides it let a theatre, which was lively taped establish in one of the passages. In addition it maintained a large Menagerie in the proximity of the lock. For whose he requested equipment with the cure prince of Saxonia in February 1738 the transmittal of 100 alive deer. Saxonian officials of forest should catch Rehkitze, draw up and in the autumn after gate gau bring the year over. From there the deer are to be brought with a ship over Hamburg to Paris.

The apartment inhabited by him let furnish the Sachse wohnlich: the naked Steinwände were provided with wood panels, parquet was shifted and - the most important comfort increase - Moritz could in its homeland four enormous tiled stoves from Meissner porcelain be made, and in its areas be set up. With these in France, where one knew only open fire-places, it knew unknown furnaces the substantial heating problem, which was moderated only poorly by the existing open fire-places, repairs and this very day radiates of the furnaces restored in the meantime the Saxonian coat of arms.

As the poets Gustave Flaubert in 19. Sauntered to century by the abandoned areas of the enormous lock it sinniert over its strange fate: It was given everything, so as if nobody wanted to have or keep it. It looks, as if it was always too large so well never used and. It is like an abandoned hotel, in which the travelers did not even leave their names at the walls.

Since 1981 it stands on the cultural monument list of the Unesco.


Web on the left of

Commons: Lock Chambord - pictures, videos and/or audio files

literature

of locks of the Loire - the splendour of the kings, 2004, DVD 90 minutes, complete Media GmbH, green forest, ISBN 3-8312-6610-7 Lock Chambord to the Loire. The building of 1519-1524, 1985, bound expenditure, Wolfgang Metternich, ISBN 3-5340-1580-0 The Loire lock Chambord, 1986, Brochiert, 32 sides, OD. Geisselbr., Luebeck, ISBN 3-8903-1094-X

 

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