Schmalkaldi war

the Schmalkaldi war became 1546/1547 of emperor Karl V. against the Schmalkaldi federation, an alliance of Protestant national princes designated after the city Schmalkalden, led. It tried to decide also the question of the acknowledgment of the protest anti-mash for the catholicism.

The ProtestantPrinces, who after Augsburger Reichstag from 1530 had united to the Schmalkaldi federation, became increasing a power factor, which endangered the authority of the emperor.

Only after Karl V. 1544 the argument with France in peacetime of Crépy to terminate, had he could do the possibility andthe means to proceed against the Schmalkaldi federation. Karl closed with Pope Paul III. a federation against the Ketzer. When the federation refused itself 1546 sending representatives to the council from Trient to it hunted the federal main people Johann Friedrich I. by Saxonia and Philipp I. ofHessen the realm eight up. It succeeded to it to pull the actually Protestant duke Moritz of Saxonia on its side whereby it weakened the federation sensitively. Using the moment, he proceeded now in the Danube campaign so mentioned militarily against the federation, first against the isolated federal citiesin South Germany (Ulm, Konstanz, beaver oh) and defeated then in the battle on the Lochauer heath with Mühlberg at the Elbe to 24. April 1547 the federal army of the Schmalkaldener. Johann Friedrich I. land count Philipp of Hessen came arose into shank. Bothon years in the Netherlands were imprisoned set. Although Bremen and Magdeburg offered also further resistance against the emperor, the federation thereby was actually dissolved.

When reward for its page overflow received duke Moritz from Saxonia the Saxonian transfers, those up to then Johann Friedrich ofthe ernestinischen line of the Wettiner had had. Cure country and further parts of Saxonia were since then in the possession of the albertinischen Wettiner. For the Ernestinern remained only more parts of Thuringia.

On the geharnischten Augsburger Reichstag of 1548 had to accept the Protestant princes Augsburger in such a way specified Interim,them nevertheless the layman cup and the priest marriage.

Karl V. knew unrests. thus however and the victory over the Protestanten does not terminate was only from short duration. 1552 conspire yourself the strengthened cure prince Moritz of Saxonia with other Protestant princes against those Spanish Sukzession and the emperor and the conspiracy succeeded it, to Karl V. to force to the escape. Its brother Ferdinand I. meanwhile with Moritz of Saxonia and the Protestant prince contract negotiated the Passauer, which assured large rights to them. In Augsburger the confessional peace from 1555 becamethis confirms.

Karl V. thanked after these defeats 1556 in favor of Ferdinands I. off.

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literature

  • Ferdinand Seibt: Karl V. - The emperor and the reformation. Berlin (2. Aufl.) 1998. ISBN 3-442-75511-5
  • Günther waiting mountain: The battle with Mühlberg in realm history as argument between Protestant princes and emperors Karl V. In: Archives for reformation history. 89 (1998) S. 167-177.
  • Jaroslav Pánek: Emperor, king and condition revolt. The Böhmi conditions and their position to the realm politics of Karl V. andFerdinands I. in the age of the Schmalkaldi war. In: Central Europe studies 6 (2002) S. 393-406.


See also: List of battles

 

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