Schoni war

the Schoni war was a war between Denmark and Sweden between 1675 and 1679 around the former Danish possessions care, Blekinge and resounding and, which had been surrendered 1658 from Denmark in peacetime from Roskilde to Sweden. The war formed at the same time a Nebenschauplatz of the French-Netherlands war, whereby France of allied Sweden was, while a coalition supported the Danes consisting of the Netherlands , Spain , Austria and Brandenburg. Scene of the war were not only the Swedish provinces, but also Bohuslän and Västergötland as well as the German possessions of Sweden specified above and the Baltic Sea.

war process

Karl XI. (1655 - 1697) in the battle with Lund to 4. December 1676

Denmark explained the war in September 1675 Sweden. In the first phase of the war the attack allied Denmark was directed and Brandenburg against the Swedish possessions in Germany. Vorpommern, Wismar, Bremen Verden and Stettin were taken within short time.

At the same time a Dutch-Danish fleet operated in the Baltic Sea and at the 1. June 1676 triumphed it under the guidance of the Dutch admiral Cornelis Tromp over the Swedish fleet in a sea-battle at the south point of oil and whereby it the naval supremacy attained. Oil and was occupied by Danish troops.

At the end of June translated Danish troops to care, where they went to care with exception mark MOS between Råå and Helsingborg ashore and within fewer months completely as well as parts of Blekinges conquered. At the same time a Danish-Norwegian army marched Uddevalla and Vänersborg devastated from Norway along the coast toward Göteborg , came however at the fortress Bohus to a halt.

At the end of of 1676 turned the war luck. The Swedish king Karl XI. marched with an army into care and triumphed to 4. December in the battle with Lund, one of the bloodiest battles in the history of Scandinavia (50% at pleasures on both sides). Thus the back conquest of the provinces care and Blekinge was introduced. A further Swedish victory became to 14. July 1677 in the battle with Landskrona erfochten.

While the Swedish troops were ashore successful, the Swedish fleet in the summer experienced 1677 destroying defeats in the sea-battles with Mön and Köge.

From summer 1677 to summers 1678 the war concentrated particularly on the city Kristianstad, which was held still by Danes and only after long FE storage in August 1678 capitulated, as well as on the Zurückdrängung of the Danish-Norwegian troops from the westSwedish provinces. A further problem for Sweden were the nordschonischen free contactor corps and partisan federations on the side of Denmark, which so mentioned snapphanarna, which was a constant threat for the Swedish supplying lines. With drakonischen punishments the Swedish king tried to become this movement gentleman. Thus it issued approximately to 19. April 1678 the instruction to down-burn all yards in the Kirchspiel Örkened and all men, who could carry a rifle (all men between 15 and 60 years), to execute.

1678 the French-Netherlands

war ended to end of war and peace treaties in the middle of with the peace lost by Nimwegen and Denmark and Brandenburg now their allied ones. In the peace treaty of Saint Germain EN Laye Sweden some smaller areas stepped into Germany starting from and in the peace treaty of Lund the war between Denmark and Sweden without cessions of territory was terminated.


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