kinds of sail

Schratsegel is a comprehensive term for all sails, which are set toward the ship longitudinal axis.

On modern Jollen and yachts at the wind only Schratsegel are used, since they permit higher courses to the wind than Rahsegel and also more simply are to be served. Schratsegel are usually triangular.

In the sailor language all parts of the sail have special names: The front edge becomes as Vorliek, which calls lower edge Unterliek and the rear edge as Achterliek. The corners of the sail become as head (upper corner), neck (lower front corner) and Schothorn designated. ThatHead of the sail, to which case is fastened, is usually strengthened by a special head board with large sails.

With the Schratsegeln the Vorliek is fastened to the mast or with Stagreitern to a steam turbine and gas turbine system (steam turbine and gas turbine system gel). The position of a Schratsegels to the wind becomes througha Schot adjusted. Schratsegel carry, depending upon kind of mounting and form special names such as Fock, Klüver, gaffel and Gaffeltopsegel as well as pointed and high gel.

To the most well-known Schratsegelschiffstypen Ewer , Gaffelschoner , Galiot , Ketsch , Kutter , Schoner , Slup belong, Yawl, Logger and Tjalk. In addition, Cat getakelte boats belong to it. They possess only sails behind the mast (usually 1 mast, in addition, several masts are possible).

See also: Rahsegel, sail


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