Swabian Gmünd

coat of arms map
Wappen von Schwäbisch Gmünd Deutschlandkarte, Position von Schwäbisch Gmünd hervorgehoben
base data
Land of the Federal Republic: Baden-Wuerttemberg
governmental district: Stuttgart
regional association: Ostwürttemberg
district: Ostalbkreis
kind of municipality: Large district town
geographical situation:
Coordinates: 48° 48 ′ N, 09° 48 ′ O
48° 48 ′ N, 09° 48 ′ O
height: 321m and.NN
surface: 113.78 km ²
inhabitants: 61.428 (31. December 2004)
Population density: 540 inhabitants for each km ²
foreigner portion: 14.4%
postal zip codes: 73501-73529 (old 7070)
preselection: 07171
Kfz characteristics: AA circle Aalen, in former times GD
municipality key: 08 1 36 065
city arrangement: Town center and 11 quarters
address
of the city administration:
Market place 1
73525 Swabian Gmünd
Website: Swabian gmuend.de
E-Mail address:
Politics
mayor: Wolfgang Leidig

Swabian Gmünd is a city in the east of Baden-Wuerttemberg about 50 km east of Stuttgart. It is after the district town Aalen the second largest city of the Ostalbkreises. For the surrounding municipalities Swabian Gmünd forms a central center.

The number of inhabitants of the city exceeded 1905 the border of 20.000. 1935 became it urban area in the sense that German Gemeindeordnung. 1945 became Swabian Gmünd the “direct district town” and with the entry into force of the Gemeindeordnung of Baden-Wuerttemberg at the 1. April 1956 strength of law to the large district town explains. With the municipality Waldstetten agreed upon the city Swabian Gmünd a central administrative body.

Up to Circle reform to the 1. January 1973 was Swabian Gmünd district town of its own district (Swabian Gmünd; KFZ characteristic GD), before seat of the upper office Gmünd. In the same year the city became seat of the regional association Ostwürttemberg.

Table of contents

fig. 8 Web on the left of

[

work on] Geografie between the edge heights of the Welzheimer of forest (part of the Swabian-Frankish forest) in the north and the eastern Vorlandes of the Swabian Alb in the south in a valley widening of the rems as well as in the Mündungsgebiet of some Nebenbäche. The city enters, flows through the rems then from Böbingen coming in the eastwestward the quarter Hussenhofen, afterwards the town center, in order to then leave it in the west toward Lorch again.

neighbour municipalities

following cities and municipalities border on the city Swabian Gmünd. They become beginning in the clockwise directionin the north mentioned:

Courage-long, Durlangen, Täferrot, Iggingen, Böbingen to the rems, hay brook, beard getting granny (all Ostalbkreis), loud stone (district Göppingen), Waldstetten (Ostalbkreis), Ottenbach and Göppingen (both district Göppingen), Lorch (Ostalbkreis) as well as Alfdorf (rem Murr circle)

city arrangement

the city Swabian Gmünds consists 1938 eingemeindeten living place sharpening gau, the 1958 integrated municipality bed rings ( upper and Unterbettringen ) of the town center, that as well as in the context of the regional reorganization of the 1970er years integrated8 municipalities bar gau, sword field, large your brook, Herlikofen, Lindach, Rechberg, Strassdorf and Weiler in the mountains with their associated in each case local parts and Weilern. All integrated places form today on the one hand the 10 localities (bar gau, sword field, bed rings, large your brook, Hussenhofen,Herlikofen, Lindach, Rechberg, Strassdorf and Weiler) in the sense of the Gemeindeordnung of Baden-Wuerttemberg with ever one of the population of the locality with each local election locality advice with a local chief at the point, who can be selected again, and on the other hand form sharpening gau as well as Rehnenhofthe quarter Rehnenhof Wetzgau, which has a district adviser in place of a locality advice. In each quarter there is an office for district.

To the integrated municipalities a multiplicity of usually spatially separate living places or local parts partly belongs. Of it most have a long independent history.Others again were put on also than new construction sites, received then their own name, to have however often no fixed borders. In detail belong

  • to bed rings: Hetzenbühl, cellar house, lime tree yard, valley field and lower allium yard
  • to bar gau: Birkhof, upper allium yard and Schlössle
  • to sword field: Horn mountain
  • to large your brook: Small your brook, slope your brook, mass-guessed/advised, Waldau, hare LBA CH pay house, Radelstetten, Saxonia yard and Ziegerhof
  • to Herlikofen: Gmünder field
  • to Hussenhofen: Birkhof, deer mill, rooms and castle wood
  • to Lindach: Green waste dump and lock Lindach
  • to Rechberg: Bärenhöfle,Birkhäusle, Braunhäusle, fox yard, Häge, Heustaig, Hohenrechberg, bran sneezing yard, Kratzerhöfle, stuff house, Ödengehren, lock mountain, Schurrenhof, rigid yard, Stollenhäusle, lug yard, lower bran sneezing yard and Ziegelhütte
  • to Strassdorf: Hinterhochstett, Hokenschue, Hummelhalden, Metlangen, Reitprechts, almost yard, Schönbronn and Vorderhochstett
  • to Weiler in the mountains: Bilsenhof, Giengerhof, Herdtlinsweiler,War yard, upper waste dump yard, oil mill, Steinbacher of yards and lower waste dump yard

Rehnenhof Wetzgau does not have further living places.

space planning

Swabian Gmünd forms a central center within the region Ostwürttemberg. To the central range Swabian Gmünd belong the cities and municipalities in the west of theOstalbkreises, beard getting granny, Böbingen to the rems, Durlangen, Eschach, Göggingen, Gschwend, hay brook, Heuchlingen, Iggingen, flax cell, Lorch, Mögglingen, courage-long, Obergröningen, Ruppertshofen, Schechingen, Spraitbach, Täferrot and Waldstetten.

Swabian

Schwäbisch Gmünd um 1900
2 hands history to Gmünd

around 1900 the first settlement traces to in. Century n. Chr. back, when Roman soldiers settled to the safety device of the nearby Limes. These remained there, to in the 3. Century the Alemannen the border installations ran over and in the areas left by the Romans established themselves.

Whether itself the name Gamundias, in 9. Century a document of the monastery Saint Denis with Paris, falsified on the names of Karl of the large one mentioned, to Gmünd refers, is most uncertain. Archaeological referring to a cell put on by abbott Fulrad by Saint Denis are missing.

The most coining/shaping period for Gmünd was the time of the Staufer. Their traces can this very day in the oldest Stauferstadtare found. With the exit of the house of the Staufer Gmünd attained the realm immediacy (free realm city) and could a small rule area acquire itself. Beside the actual city the office places bed rings, Spraitbach, Iggingen and bar gau belonged to the “national territory”. Everyone theseOffice places was seat of a Vogtei, which administered usually further villages.1746 were waived the Vogtei bar gau and the Vogtei bed rings was attached. Among the office Spraitbach ranked parts of the places Pfahlbronn, front and Hintersteinenberg, room brook, Durlangen, courage-long, sharpening gau as well as large and small your brook.Among the office bed rings Weiler, bar gau, parts of upper and Unterböbingen, the largest part of Lautern, Mögglingen and Dewangen ranked. To Iggingen belonged Herlikofen, Hussenhofen and half of Strassdorf.1535 to 1629 gave it still another Vogtei Mögglingen, to thatDewangen and Lautern belonged. Then Dewangen to Iggingen and Mögglingen and Lautern came to bed rings.

1802 came the area of the free realm place Gmünd at Württemberg. The city became seat upper office of a Gmünd, from that 1938 the district Swabian Gmündcame out. Those today too Swabian Gmünd of quarters belonging to have an old history. With it in the following one deals more in greater detail:

Bar gau 1326 for the first time documentary mentioned with the “Veste bar gau”, a castle south of bar gau on a projection/lead of the Scheuelberges. Overthe Mr. von Rechberg and Rothenlöwen and the knights of Urbach as well as the rule white stone the place came 1544 to the realm city Gmünd. This maintained a Vogtei, whose seat on the castle was in bar gau. 1746 became bar gau of the VogteiBed rings assigned.1802 were attached bar gau württembergisch and 1803 the again created upper office Gmünd.

Bed rings 1218 were mentioned for the first time documentary. There was a local aristocracy, the gentlemen von Bettringen. Also the monastery Lorch had possessions. Since that 15. Century belongedBed rings to the realm city Gmünd. It was differentiated between upper and Unterbettringen. Gmünd raised upper bed rings to the office place. The Vogtei resided in the tower so mentioned, which was broken off 1813. After the transition Gmünds at Württemberg 1802 became Obertrettringen an independent municipality withinthe upper office Gmünd, to which also Unterbettringen belonged.1934 were changed the municipality name in “bed rings”.

Sword field probably developed 1200 ago at the foot of a castle of the counts von Degenfeld. Sword field was mentioned for the first time documentary 1281. 1625 became Christoph Martin ofSword field in the baron conditions and 1716 (or already 1710) became Christoph Martin II. by emperor Karl IV. into the realm count conditions raised. The Mr. von Degenfeld could prevail however only over half of the place. The other half was subordinatethe rule Rechbergs, whereby the river of loud formed the border of both rule ranges. On the right of the brook flax the possession belonged to the sword fields, on the left of the Rechbergern. Because of disputes Christoph of sword field 1597 sold its half at duke Friedrich of Württemberg, which the placeassigned the office for monastery and reformed. Between 1791 and 1806 the rechbergische part of sword field was administered together with Württemberg, before the place came completely 1806 to Württemberg and became starting from 1809 a municipality of the württembergischen upper office Gmünd.

Large your brook became 1271 and 1275 mention for the first time documentary as " Tainbuch " and/or. “Tainbuoch”. In the course of the time the settlements small your brook, slope your brook, mass-guessed/advised, developed for Radelstetten, Waldau, hare LBA CH pay house. The settlements belonged predominantly to the monastery Lorch and were württembergisch thereby. Also the realm city Gmünd and the Mr. von Rechberghad goods, which came 1803 at Württemberg. The places by the monastery upper office Lorch was originally administered. 1807 came it to the upper office Welzheim and only 1810 their own municipality large your brook was formed, which belonged to the upper office Gmünd. To it the places belongedLarge, small and slope your brook, mass-guessed/advised, Waldau, hare LBA CH pay house, Pfersbach, Lenglingen, Radelstetten, Schnellhöfle, hiving yard, Saxonia yard, Ziegerhof and sharpening gau. The latter was separated 1938 and integrated after Swabian Gmünd. With the recent regional reorganization Pfersbach came to the neighbour municipality courage-long, Lenglingen to the city Göppingen and high-speed yardswith hiving yard to the city Lorch.

Herlikofen was mentioned for the first time 1225 as “Herlekoven”. Already early the place belonged to the realm city Gmünd and was subordinated the Vogtei Iggingen. 1802 came the place to Württemberg and remained however still first with Iggingen. Only 1820 were raised Herlikofen including Hussenhofen to the independent municipality within the upper office Gmünd, in which 1938 the living place rooms of the municipality Oberböbingen was integrated. After the integration into the city Swabian Gmünd became Hussenhofen with rooms as ownQuarter separated.

Hussenhofen, to which among other things also belong to rooms and deer mill, was until 1969 a local part of the municipality Herlikofen. Only with the integration after Swabian Gmünd Hussenhofen became independent quarters. Hussenhofen became around 1250 for the first time as “Huzzenhovin”mentioned, when a Gmünder citizen sold its possession to the monastery God cell. Already soon the place belonged to the realm city and came with these 1802 at Württemberg. Here it belonged with the nut/mother place Herlikofen first to the Bürgermeisterei Iggingen and became over 1820 part of the independent municipality Herlikofen within the upper office Gmünd. Rooms already in the year 839 for the first time documentary and belonged to the neighbour municipality Oberböbingen was mentioned. 1938 were ordered the integration after Herlikofen.

Lindach was mentioned for the first time 1328. Parts of the place stoodalready early under württembergischer rule. The Mr. von Rechberg nevertheless sold their parts to giving Limpurg. Afterwards the rule changed several times, but was Württemberg as a leaning gentleman involved in it always. By support Württembergs was introduced the reformation. Starting from 1751belonged Lindach to the chamber property Württemberg and to the office building of hay was attached. To its dissolution it came to the upper office Gmünd.

Rechberg was mentioned for the first time 1179. The Mr. von Rechberg could acquire themselves in the course of history a small rule area. It splititself however into several lines up. In 15. Century covered the rule Hohenrechberg of five offices: Hohenrechberg, Eislingen, Eschach, whom gene and Heuchlingen. An attempt the realm immediacy to attain failed, but the Mr. von Rechberg 1607 into the count conditions was raised. 1802their area came at Württemberg. The principal place Rechberg became 1808 a municipality in the upper office Gmünd, to which some small Weiler belonged.

Strassdorf was mentioned for the first time 1269 as “Strasdorf”. The place belonged to the Mr. von Rechberg, but attained also the realm city GmündParts of the place, so that it had a rechbergischen until 1803 and gmünder Schult hoisting. Then the gmündische part fell at Württemberg. The rechbergische part followed 1806. 1809 was assigned both part as municipality Strassdorf to the upper office Gmünd. Thosetoday to Strassdorf Weiler belonging to belonged like the principal place partly to Rechberg, partly to the realm city Gmünd.

Weiler in the mountains was mentioned for the first time 1345 as “Wiler”. A later designation was “in the larger Weiler”. Like Strassdorf the place partly belongedto Rechberg, partly to the realm city Gmünd. 1587 sold the Rechberger their part to the realm city, which was from now on exclusive ruler. The place belonged to 1802 with Gmünd at Württemberg to the office bed rings and came. First still from bed rings one administeredit 1819 an independent municipality within the upper office Gmünd. 1807 had been already changed the names in “Weiler in the mountains”.

to religions

the population of Swabian Gmünd Augsburg originally belonged and was the land chapter Lorch to the diocesesubordinated. Under Andreas Althamer should be introduced starting from 1524 the reformation, but failed this because of the resistance of the Gmünder of advice. Swabian Gmünd was thus over centuries an predominantly catholic city. Since the reformation it belonged to the chapter Gmünd within the ArchidiakonatsRies.

Heilig-Kreuz-Münster
Holy cross Münster

first branch of Lorch was sold the Pfründe in Gmünd 1297 to the cathedral chapter Augsburg. But it redeemed the advice 1544 again. The Pfarrei to our love woman, later also holy cross (today Pfarrei holy cross Münster), became centerthe new Dekanats Gmünd, the all catholic Pfarreien of the former Dekanats Lorch remained after the reformation covered.1761 separated the Gmünder religiousness from this Dekanat and formed a Kollegiatstift, which was again dissolved 1803 by Württemberg. The parish church tooOur love woman had several Kaplaneien. Beside holy cross Münster there were further churches and chapels and/or. Monasteries. Thus there is a mentioned Johannes chapel (today the Johanneskirche belonging to to the Münsterpfarrei). On the cemetery is the pc. Leonhardskapelle of 1471,those was several times changed. The pc. Nikolauskapelle and the pc. Michaelskapelle of 1504 became 1807, the pc. Veitskapelle already 1803 broken off. Likewise it was issued the pc. Margaretenkapelle 1811, the pc. Joos or George chapel 1827 and the pc. Theobaldskapelle 1834. The numerous monasteries after the transition at Württemberg between 1802 and 1810 one dissolved. It existed up to then the Augustiner - Eremiten monastery (starting from 1284), a Franziskanerkloster (13. Century), a Dominikanerkloster (since 1294), a Kapuzinerkloster (1644), Franziskaner Tertianerinnenkloster to the Hl. Ludwig (1445) and a Dominikanerinnenkloster to God cell (based alleged 1240). The monastery buildings were partly secularized. From the Dominikanerkirche for example a stable, God cell was converted to the prison. The Franziskanerkirche became however asChurch further-used, the 1909 to the parish church pc. Franziskus was raised. The Augustinerkirche became the Evangelist parish church (see below).

Beside the old catholic Pfarreien 2 developed after that. World war further Pfarreien and churches in Swabian Gmünd, so 1962 the Pfarrei pc.Peter and Paulus in the Hardt settlement (church of 1958), 1970 the Pfarrei pc. Michael (church of 1968) as well as 1967 the Seelsorgestelle pc. Pius. These church municipalities (holy cross, pc. Michael, pc. Franziskus with Seelsorgestelle pc. Pius and pc. Petrusand Paulus) form today the Seelsorgeeinheit 1 Swabian Gmünd center within the Dekanats Swabian for Gmünd, which belongs since 1821 to the new diocese gang castle ( today gang castle Stuttgart).

Also most quarters Swabian Gmünds remained catholic after the reformation, because them either toOr to the rule Rechberg belonged to realm city Gmünd, which did not accept likewise the reformation. Therefore there are catholic there in each case church municipalities and churches. They are today to different Seelsorgeeinheiten together closed, those partially also municipalities outside of the city of SwabianGmünd cover and all to the Dekanat Swabian Gmünd of the diocese gang castle Stuttgart belong. In detail it concerns the municipalities pc. Maria Hohenrechberg, St. Cyriakus Strassdorf, sp. Laurentius Waldstetten and pc. Johannes Baptist Wissgoldingen (2 Unterm Hohenrechberg =Seelsorgeeinheit), pc. JakobusBar gau, pc. Michael Weiler in the mountains with branch Maria name sword field, pc. Cyriakus bed rings (3 Unterm Bernhardus =Seelsorgeeinheit), pc. Albanus Herlikofen, pc. Leonhard Hussenhofen, pc. Martinus Iggingen (=Seelsorgeeinheit 5 at the Limes) as well as pc. George courage-long (with holy spirit church Lindach), pc.Maria Wetzgau Rehnenhof (with the churches pc. Coloman in sharpening gau and pc. Maria in Rehnenhof), Christ king large your brook (=Seelsorgeeinheit 8 Limeshöhe).

Protestanten came only to the transition at Württemberg again to Swabian Gmünd. Already 1806 became the former Augustinerkirche Evangelist garrison church. 1817 became it the first Protestant parish church Gmünds. This became late seat of a Dekanats. After that 2. World war was created later 1951 the March in Luther church in the Rehnenhof, 1961 the peace church and in the west city a further church municipality. These fourChurch municipalities form today with the 1969 established Johannesgemeinde Hussenhofen the Evangelist total church municipality Swabian for Gmünd. To that since the reformation Evangelist quarters sword field, large your brook and Lindach become there is already in each case an Evangelist church municipality and a church. To the municipality sword field belongsalso Unterbettringen (own church of 1967). The Pfarrei large your brook was established only 1897 (before branch of Lorch). The Protestanten from bar gau become of the neighbour municipality hay brook, which cares for from Rechberg, Strassdorf and Wissgoldingen of Waldstetten. All Evangelist church municipalities mentionedin the Gmünder to city Swabian Gmünd belong within the Evangelist regional church in Württemberg to the church district. Furthermore there are Altpietisti communities in Swabian Gmünd. The Altpietisti community federation maintains its conference and recovery house “beautiful view” in the quarter sharpening gau.

Beside the two largeThere are churches in Swabian Günd also to free churches and municipalities, among them the Evangelist methodistische church and a Evangelist-freechurch municipality (Baptisten). Also the Neuapostoli church is represented in Swabian Gmünd.

inhabitant development

the numbers of inhabitants after the respective area conditions are estimations,Census results (¹) or official updating of the respective statistic offices (only main domiciles).

Year numbers of inhabitants
1810 5,341
1823 5,650
1843 7,152
1855 7,589
1861 8,298
1. December 1871 10,739
1. December 1880 ¹ 13,774
1. December 1890 ¹ 16,817
1. December 1900 ¹ 18,699
1. December 1910 ¹ 21,312
16. June 1925 ¹ 20,406
16. June 1933 ¹ 20,131
year numbers of inhabitants
17. May 1939 ¹ 21,940
1946 30,748
13. September 1950 ¹ 33,448
6. June 1961 ¹ 44,587
27. May 1970 ¹ 44,407
31. December 1975 56,422
31. December 1980 56,901
27. May 1987 ¹ 56,754
31. December 1990 60,081
31. December 1995 63,734
31. December 2000 61,946
31. December 2004 61,428

¹ census result

incorporations

into the citySwabian Gmünd became the following municipalities and/or. Gemarkungen integrated:

politics

local council

that Local council exists since the last local election to 13. June 2004 from 55 members, whose term of office amounts to 5 years. The seats distribute themselves on the individual parties and groupings as follows:

mayors

1802 was introduced the württembergische city condition. At the point of the city then a mayor stood, starting from 1819 “city-Schult-hot”. These led 19 since center . Century usually thoseOffice designation mayor, whereby this designation is mandatory at the latest since 1933. Today the mayor is selected directly by the voters on 8 years. He is a chairman of the local council. Its general deputy is the 1. Assigned to one with the office designation “firstMayor " and a further assigning to with the office designation “mayor”.

Historisches Wappen am Rathaus, links der Reichsadler, rechts das noch heute geführte weiße Einhorn
historical coat of arms at the city hall, on the left of the realm eagles, on the right of which this very day led white Einhorn
work on []

Coat of arms and flag

the coat of arms of the city Swabian Gmünd show a put up silver Einhorn in red. The city flies a flag is white red. Coats of arms and flag have already a long tradition.

partnerships between cities

Swabian Gmünd maintains partnerships between cities alsothe following cities:

economics and infrastructure

traffic

the city Swabian Gmünd is because of the railroad line Stuttgart - Nuremberg (rem course). The next connections to the federal motorway are Aalen/Westhausen and Aalen Süd/Oberkochen at A 7 (peppering castle - feet).

By the city leadsthe federal highway B 29 Stuttgart Aalen. Furthermore here B begin after 298 Swabian resound. In the city several Buslinien supply the public local passenger traffic (ÖPNV).

A cycle track after Göppingen is on the route of the diminished high baptism course.

Work on []

Courts, authorities and mechanisms

Gmünd is Swabian seat of the regional association Ostwürttemberg and a branch office district administration office of the Ostalbkreis.

The city has also a tax office, a district court, which belong to the regional court district Ellwangen, and a notary's office. Furthermore hasthe national institute for development of the agriculture and the rural areas (LEL) in Swabian Gmünd their seat carrier.

The city is also seat of the church district Swabian Gmünd of the Evangelist regional church in Württemberg and the Dekanats Swabian Gmünd of the diocese gang castle Stuttgart.

residents enterprise

view into the Ott Pauser silver and gold goods factory (today museum)

in 17. Century settled also today the still strongly represented gold and silver handicraft. Also Forschungsinstitut for precious metals and Metallchemie (FEM) is inSwabian Gmünd. Parallel to the gold and silver handicraft settled itself at the beginning 20. Century the watch-and-clock-making industry on. The company Bifora Clock was thus also responsible to end of the 1970er years the largest and most important special factory for wrist-watches in Germany and in thingsDevelopment.

Today the industries prevailing in Swabian Gmünd are automobile supply, Design offices and decoration handicraft. Swabian Gmünd decorates itself with the title „gold and silver city “.

Beyond that the following enterprises have supraregional meaning:

media

in Swabian Gmünd appear as daily papers the rem newspaper and the Gmünder day's mail, an expenditure for restaurant of the southwest press from Ulm.

educational facilities

in Swabian Gmündthere is an educational university, an educational specialized technical and ever a national seminar for didactics and teacher formation (reason and hauptschule and/or. Six-form high school). In addition a professional school for communication and product design gives, the HfG.

National High School for the high-talented

citycarrier of three general-forming High Schools ( Hans Baldung, Parler and Scheffold High School) is, the school federation national High School for high-talented is carrier of the national High School for high-talented with boarding school Swabian Gmünd (LGH). The national structure High School with home (ABG) was in the meantime closed.

Furthermore the city is carrierof two six-form high schools (Adalbert founders and Schiller six-form high school), one promotion school (Pestalozzischule), eight reason and hauptschule with work six-form high school (Eichenrainschule Lindach, peace school, Mozart school Hussenhofen, smoke leg school, Roman school Strassdorf, Scheuelbergschule bar gau, Stauferschule and UHL and school bed rings) as well as six independent primary schools (large your brook, Hardt, Weiler in the mountains, Klösterleschule,Scherr primary school Rechberg and Theodor Heuss school Herlikofen).

The Ostalbkreis is school carrier of the vocational schools (commercial school, Agnes of Hohenstaufen school - house-economical school and commercial school) as well as the monastery mountain school for mental ones and handicapped persons.

The following private schools round the school offer in Swabian Gmünd off: Evening six-form high schoolSwabian Gmünd, Franziskus school (catholic primary school in free working group), free one Evangelist school domino Servite school registered association. Lindach (reason and six-form high school), free Rudolf Steiner School Swabian Gmünd, Canisius school school for educating assistance, Institut for socialeducational occupations, commercial Technical High School A. and S. Stadelmaier, Martinusschule private special schoolfor mental-obstructed, private Technical High School Dr. Angel, private one school for gehörlose ones and Schwerhörige pc. Josef and private school child garden for mental-obstructed of the life assistance registered association.

culture and objects of interest

theatres

in the Congress Centrum city garden take place regularly stage performances.

museums

the Dominikanerkloster “Prediger”

the “museum in the Prediger” 1876 as museum of arts and crafts were based and are accommodated since 1973 in the former Dominikanerkloster (“Prediger”). It shows art and arts and crafts and belongs to the oldest museums of South West German country. In the Prediger is since 1994 also the “gallery in the Prediger” accommodated.

The Ott Pauser factory is a silver goods and a Bijouteriemuseum.

buildings

the landmark Gmünds is Swabian Münster, in 14. Century of Heinrich Parler, its son Peter Parler as building mastersin Prague famous, in the gothical style one sketched. It is the largest resounding church of South Germany.

Tower of the Predigers

other one important buildings in the town center are the “Prediger “, the former Dominikanerkloster, which is used now as cultural center, the formerMonastery God cell, which is today penal establishment, the new city hall of 1760, the “burr” (former city hall from that 14. Century) as well as numerous private houses. On the cathedral Muenster the Mariensäule of 1693 , on the market place of the Marienbrunnen of 1776 stands.

View from the king tower toward Johanneskirche

further churches in the town center beside holy cross Münster are the 1317 than Johannes chapel mentioned Johanneskirche, the 1471 mentioned pc. Leonhardskapelle on the cemetery, which was several times changed, the parish church pc. Franziskus (ehem.Monastic church of the Franziskaner) and the Evangelist parish church, the former Augustinerkirche. At chapels, the gentleman God resting chapel a reproduction of the gentleman God resting Mr., the barrier travel chapel pc. delighted of 1622, which was extended 1791 , the Josephskapelle, 1677 /78 is still present. Salvator at the Nepperstein, buildsstarting from 1616 and the pc. Katharinenkapelle of the former Siechenspitals, those in the core from that 14. Century comes.

Newer churches in (further) the town center are the pc. Peter and Paulus in the Hardt settlement (1958 build), the church pc. Michael (built 1968) and the church pc. Pius of 1967 as well as the Evangelist peace church of 1961.

In the quarters there are the following churches:

  • Pc. Jakobus bar gau, builds including one Sakramentsni of the old church for 1911 in the again-Roman style outthat 15. Century
  • pc. Cyriakus upper bed rings, builds 1813, the predecessor church already for 1397 mentions
  • Evangelist peace church upper bed rings, builds 1970
  • pc. Ottilie Unterbettringen, former pilgrimage church, Roman church with gothical Gewölbe and ship of 1757
  • Evangelist reconciliation church Unterbettringen,builds 1968
  • Evangelist church sword field (formerly pc. Sebastian and forest castle), build in 12. Century, which became ship later extended, the tower upper's building originates from that 16. /17. Century
  • catholic branch church Maria name sword field, builds Evangelist
  • church large your brook for 1935, builds 1900of Dolmetsch; a chapel was already broken off 1496 built, 1671, developed then however again.
  • Christ king large your brook, builds 1964
  • pc. Albanus Herlikofen, builds 1835 in the again-Roman style, the predecessor church, a chapel, originated from the center 15. Century
  • Pc. Leonhard Hussenhofen, builds 1967, which became predecessor church of 1913 1969 sold to the Evangelist church municipality, which uses it since that time as Johanneskirche.
  • Evangelist church Lindach, a medieval chapel was cultivated, to the 1524 a gothical tower
  • to holy spirit church Lindach, 1971 pc.
  • build. Maria Hohen- Rechberg, pilgrimage church, builds 1686 with tower of 1774.
  • Pc. Maria Rehnenhof; if 1960 builds
  • Evangelist March in Luther church Rehnenhof, 1951 pc.
  • build. Cyriakus Strassdorf, builds 1914/15
  • former parish church pc. Cyriakus Strassdorf, todayCemetery church, Roman tower choir plant with later changes
  • chapel to the holy Dreifaltigkeit Strassdorf in the baroque style builds pc.
  • again. Michael Weiler in the mountains, Roman with several changes. After war damage increases 1946.
  • Pc. Coloman sharpening gau, 1447 after destruction of the predecessor churchagain builds; older parts still visibly

music

Swabian Gmünd has a rich music life with many choirs and music associations in the different partial places. Besides Swabian Gmünd a layman orchestra (line Tarmo Vaask) exists , the two with the Philharmonic Concert Hallto three times in the year orchestra works from the baroque to in 20. Century inside rehearses and specifies. To it it made as own combination the Philharmoni choir Swabian Gmünd (line stroke ore Beck) parallel it's duty to specify regularly larger choir works. InCentral Abi party Grossveranstaltungen was established range of the youth culture with duration of several days. The Punk and Reggae oriented youth finds in the Esperanza its meeting place. In the House range the club remains bar code as approach place. Mainstream lovers are in the music park B29, however are here live-music meetings ratherrarely. In the range of the electronic dance music more jeher a drift wave is to be observed to Stuttgart on weekend since, although there is music producer also this category in Swabian Gmünd.

since 1988

there are regular meetings the recurring “internationalShade theatre festival ". It attracts several thousand guests and developed to the most important festival of his kind in Germany.

Each year in the summer takes place also the renowned festival European church music as well as in February the “international Guggentreffen” (Guggenmusik).

Andfor many decades begins to 2. Saturday in June with the city celebration, world-wide only the tradition of the meeting of the classes, the “zeros” occurring in Gmünd:

  • in each case Saturday one week later follows the 50's, 60's, 70's and 80's (more +älter).

Firstthe beginning of the removal with three loud cannon shots is announced. Then pull the participants of the appropriate class, the gentlemen in Frack and the ladies in individual elegance, by the town centre. Time for representing and recognizing. Time for flower gifts and joy tears.

The high point of the road course takes place on the market place before the Johanneskirche: It opens the highest window of the church tower, and three trumpet players blow on the song of the “Alois”. All present native ones sing also. “Greet de Gott, Alois” and “numberA measure, Alois " as well as “leakage mi of the ass, Alois”; it is a reference to the economical or the rebellious in the Swabia. With the last Strophe the AGV´ler turns over shows the Alois the back.

personalities

honour citizen

the city Swabian Gmünd lent the honour citizen right to the following persons:

  • 1866: Professor. William Frey, teacher
  • 1886: Josef Anton thirst, upper teacher
  • 1889: Johann Ernst Heinrich George Emil king, financial advice
  • 1890: Julius Gustav Erhard,Kommerzienrat
  • 1890: Anton Pfitzer, city minister
  • 1891: Julius of Romans, regional court advice
  • 1901: Dr. Anton Bruno Klaus, Rektor
  • 1904: Professor. William Widemann, artist
  • 1914: Adolf Saile, Dekan and city minister
  • 1919: Paul Möhler, Oberbürgermeister
  • 1924: D.Paul Wilhelm Franz of Keppler, bishop von Rottenburg
  • 1929: Professor. Dr. Robert von Ostertag, Ministerialrat
  • 1929: August Waldenmaier, Privatmann in San Francisco
  • 1935: Professor. Dr. - engineer To Karl house man, go. Government advice
  • 1937: Alfons farmer, secondary school teacher
  • 1945: HermannJulius Erhard, Kommerzienrat
  • 1946: Professor. Walter Otto small, writer and researcher
  • 1952: Dr. phil. Hermann Erhard, Fabrikant
  • 1960: Josef Bidlingmaier, manufacturer (Bifora clocks)
  • 1969: Albert Deibele, Oberstudienrat

sons and daughters of the city

pictures

Web on the left of

Commons: Swabian Gmünd - pictures, videos and/or audio files


 

  > German to English > de.wikipedia.org (Machine translated into English)