the Swabian Alb is a low mountain range in South West German country. It extends northeast from Swiss canton work living diagonally by Baden-Wuerttemberg up to the Bavarian border of this Land of the Federal Republic from Ulm.It is geological as Swabian law a part of the law mountains, which continue after southwest (Swiss law) and northeast (Frankish law).
Table of contents
the Swabian Alb extends from the high Rhine in the southwest up to the Nördlinger Ries,which it distinguishes from the Frankish Alb. Southeast the Alb is limited by the Hegau and the Danube, in the west of the Baar and rage oh, northward by the upper Neckarland (Albvorland: on the right of the Neckars up to the Albtrauf), Schurwald, Welzheimer forest and of the Ellwanger mountains (Swabian-Frankish forest mountains). Geologically begins Swabian law in the southwest at the case of Rhine when work living with the Randen and the Hegaualb (northwest peripheral areas of the Hegau). As culture landscape that becomessouthwest edge usually with the language border of the Swabian one seen, which for instance at the line Schwenningen - Tuttlingen runs.
the northwest edge, the Albtrauf, represents high up to 400 a steep stage meters. The Alb is a high surface, which constantly drops from its northwest edge after southeast. The length from southwest to northeast amounts to about 200 km, the width approx. 30 kilometers.
The Swabian Alb is arranged into different parts (here approximately outgoing from southwest after northeastenumerated):
- Randen, majority in Swiss canton work living lain
- Hegaualb, between the Danube and the Hegau lain
- Baar or Baaralb, extends from Bluem mountain to Spaichingen
- nature park upper Danube
- large hay mountain
- upper Schlichemtal
- small hay mountain
- ramming ore
- Zwiefalter Alb
- Reutlinger Alb
- Münsinger Alb
- Uracher Alb
- front Alb
- rear Alb
- Blaubeurer Alb
- Ulmer Alb
- Stubersheimer Alb
- low Alb
- Heidenheimer Alb
- cold field
- hardening field
- Swabian Ostalb
the highest collections are on thatwestern high surface of the Swabian Alb, the so-called hay mountain; so for instance the Lemberg with Gosheim, that with 1015 m and. NN the highest mountain is and the high-altitude place Böttingen with 911-991 M. and. NN. With star(*) marked mountains are witness mountains so mentioned and represent partially Vorberge of the Alb.
- Lemberg (1,015 m)
- upper high mountain (1,011 m)
- Wandbühl (1,007 m)
- Bol (1,002 m)
- Hummelsberg (1,002 m)
- Plettenberg (1,002 m)
- sheep mountain (1,000 m)
- local mountain (999 m)
- Weichenwang (989 m)
- Dreifaltigkeitsberg (983 m)
- lifting * (977 m)
- punching (963 m)
- Raichberg (956 m)
- high carps * (912 m)
- Böllat (921 m)
- Zoller * (855 m)
- Farrenberg (820 m)
- Bossler (800 m)
- Teck (775 m)
- Stuifen * (757 m)
- Hohenneuffen* (743 m)
- Achalm * (707 m)
- Hohenrechberg * (707 m)
- high baptism * (684 m)
- Ipf * (668 m)
- Limburg (597 m)
the Alb represents a Schichtstufe of the South German layer stage country. It consists of sediment eras marineDeposits. These rocks developed during law at the soil of the sea. The jurassischen rocks form three main formations. According to its color one differentiates locally from bottom to top Lias or black law, Dogger or brown law and Malm, thatWhite law.
The rocks black law are Tonschiefer and by a high content of bitumen and pyrite are colored. One speaks also (falsely) of oil shale. This rock arises at the foot of the Albtraufs and is famous for itsFinds of Ichthyosauriern. Best one can regard these in the Urweltmuseum Hauff in wood larvae. The layers brown law, sandig tonige Mergel, receive their brown color by a quite high content of iron. This iron became in Wasseralfingenwith Aalen also as oolithisches iron ore diminished. White law, which forms the steep stage of the Albtraufs, consists of nearly pure Kalzit, which was deposited in an oxygen-rich and alive sea. It is characterized by many reefs. The whiteTo law in the blue valley with Ulm - its CaCO 3 - content amounts to diminished is sold partly over 99% - and than Ulmer white to the chemical industry into all world. In all law sediments various fossils are contained, which one upa migration easily to find can.
The Swabian Alb is one the largest coherent Karstgebiete in Germany. Limestone, which forms like here a high plateau surrounded by river valleys, dissolves by rain water slowly, whereby it for the formation of caves, Dolinen and drying valleys comes. Drying valleys are Vorzeitformen. A possibility of their emergence is setting the erosion basis lower within the range of water-permeable rocks and sinking of the ground-water level. Drying valleys can have developed also under cold-temporal conditions in areas with water-permeable rocks. Possiblewas this, because permafrost soils had prevented the seeping of the water. Today is deeply into the rock shifted and effected the Entwässserung about 150 to 200 m via gaps and caves. One of the most well-known caves is probably the blue cave with that Blue pot as discharge. Many caves are opened as looking caves (under it tiefst accessible pit cave of Germany, the Laichinger depth cave, and one of the longest looking caves of South Germany, which Charlottenhöhle) and can be visited. Others can in the context of migrations on ownFist to be visited. Different geological and karstkundliche moving ways make it possible also to the interested layman to recognize and understand many of these characteristics.
by the Karstcharakter of the Swabian Alb there are hardly rivers on the Albhochfläche, most rivers rises at the foot of the Alb from Karstquellen with partially immense pouring. The Danube against it breaks through the Alb.
- Bära,Tributary of the Danube
- blue, tributary of the Danube
- Brenz, tributary of the Danube
- Echaz, tributary of the Neckars
- Egau, tributary of the Danube
- Erms, tributary of the Neckar
- Fils, tributary of the Neckars
- of loud and/or. Large loud, tributarythe Danube
- of loud, tributary of the Neckars
- allium ore, tributary of the Danube
- Lindach, tributary of the loud
- digester, tributary of the Neckars
- rem, tributary of the Neckars
- Schmiecha (Schmeie), tributary of the Danube
thosefrom that white law soils developed are predominantly with difficulty and lehmig, locally also loosely and krümelig. Beside deep soils are also locations with very small soil edition. Among the typical soils rank:Rendzina, Terra fusca and brown earth - Pelosol.
the Swabian Alb offers also in cultural regard much. There are numerous castles and monasteries. Many villages possess interesting local history museums. Industries were for example Trikotagen and precision mechanics with Albstadt and linen weaving mill in and over Laichingen.
- List of the castles in Germany
- list of German museums after topics
- list of German museums after places
the Swabian Alb is one of the areas of Germany settled earliest. Archaeological certifications decrease/go back into the paleolithic age , in particular at the edge of the Nördlinger Rieses and in the numerous caves. With the oldest figürlichen representations mankind, small Schnitzereien from giant ivory, come from the Lonetal (bird stove cave) and the Aachtal/Blautal (Geissenklösterle, hollow rock) with Ulm. They are approximately 30,000 to 35,000 yearsold. The finds are in the pre-historical museum in Blaubeuren to see to the Ulmer museum and in the museum for pre and early history in Tübingen.
cities and places
larger ones and important cities/places up and/or. at the edge of the Swabian Alb;alphabetically sorts
- Aalen, 67,100 Ew.
- Albstadt, 46,700 Ew.
- Bath Urach, 12,800 Ew. Uracher Wasserfall, round mountain
- Balingen, 34,300 Ew.
- Blaubeuren, 12,870 Ew. ; Blue pot
- Burladingen, 13,000 Ew.
- Ehingen (Danube), 25,900 Ew.
- Gammertingen,6,800 Ew.
- Geislingen, 27,800 Ew.
- Giengen, 20,300 Ew. ; Charlottenhöhle
- Göppingen, 58,000 Ew. ; High baptism
- Heidenheim, 50,000 Ew. Lock bright stone
- Hechingen, 19,400 Ew. ; Castle Hohenzollern
- Liechtenstein, 9,300 Ew. ; Lock Liechtenstein
- Laichingen, 11,000 Ew. ; Laichinger depth cave
- Messstetten, 11,000 Ew.
- Münsingen, 14,400 Ew.
- Reutlingen, 110,000 Ew.
- Schelklingen, 7,300 Ew. ; Hollow rock
- sigma rings, 16,700 Ew. ; Hohenzollernschloss sigma rings
- Sonnenbühl, 7,000 Ew.
- Trochtelfingen, 6,600 Ew.
- Tuttlingen, 35,000 Ew.
- Ulm, 120,100 Ew.
- Winterlingen, 6,700 Ew.
numerous well marked moving ways give moving ways on the Swabian Alb. These can be divided in distance moving ways and round moving ways. The distance moving ways are cared for predominantly and marked by the Swabian Albverein. Many municipalities have over itoutside in their area of round moving ways furnished.
The so-called main moving ways (HW) form the backbone of the distance moving ways. The HW 1 (Swabian Alb - northern edge way) and the HW 2 (Swabian Alb - south edge way) enclose the Swabian Alb and permit a Umwanderung of several weeks of theMountains. They have their output and/or. Terminator points in Donauwörth and Tuttlingen. Also the HW 3, the HW 4, the HW 5, the HW 7 and the HW 9 affect the Swabian Alb on stages. The HW 3 (Main -Neckar - Rhine - way) from value home to Villingen occurs with Hechingen the area of the Swabian Alb and leaves it again before Villingen. The HW 4 (Main - Danube - Bodensee - way) from peppering castle to Friedrichshafen runsfrom Wasseralfingen to Ulm by the Swabian Alb. The HW 5 (Black Forest - Swabian Alb - general-outer - way) from Pforzheim to the black burr with Isny affects the Swabian Alb from Reutlingen to the Danube. The HW 7 becomesalso Swabian Alb - upper swabia - way mentioned. It runs from Lorch to Friedrichshafen and crosses the Swabian Alb from Göppingen to Zwiefaltendorf. The HW 9 (hay mountain - general-outer - way) runs from Spaichingen to the black burr with Isnyand the Südwestalb from Spaichingen to Neuhausen traverses whether hits a corner.
by their altitude between 600 and 1000 m over the sea offers the Swabian Alb many possibilities for winter sports. Many ski slopes and Skilanglaufloipen loadto sporty manipulation.
- talk nonsense, Frahm, Stadler: The Swabian Alb. Picture legends (a picture journey). 1996. ISBN 3-89234-665-8,
- suitors: Swabian Alb. 35 migrations. Move compactly. 2001. ISBN 3-7654-3734-4
- Fieselmann, Grohe: The Swabian Alb. ISBN 3-87407-350-578
- Mayr, harsh ore: Swabian Alb - west (red ago moving leader) ISBN 3-7633-4118-8
- Mayr, harsh ore: Swabian Alb - to east (red ago moving leader) ISBN 3-7633-4117-X
- Swabian Albverein
- Swabian Albstrasse
- Swabia (article to further aspects, history, culture among other things)
Web on the left of
|Commons:Swabian Alb - pictures, videos and/or audio files|
|Wiktionary: Swabian Alb - word origin, synonyms and translations|
- Swabian Alb, a collection of geological objects of interest such as caves, sources and Dolinen.
- Geo park Swabian Alb, information about the geo park Swabian Alb.
- Nature pictures of the Swabian Alb
Bavarian forest, Böhmerwald, the Eifel, Elbsandsteingebirge, Erzgebirge, Fichtelgebirge, Frankish Alb, Franconia forest, resin, hessian mountain country, Hunsrück, Lausitzer mountain country, Oberpfälzer forest, desert forest, Pfälzer forest, Rhön, sour country, Swabian Alb, Black Forest, Taunus, Thüringer slate mountains, Thüringer forest, bird mountain, Westerwald, Zittauer mountains
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