Black woodpecker

black woodpecker
black woodpecker ♂ (Dryocopus martius)
Class: Birds (Aves)
order: Woodpecker birds (Piciformes)
family: Woodpeckers (Picidae)
Unterfamilie: Genuine woodpeckers (Picinae)
kind: Dryocopus
kind: Black woodpecker
scientific name
Dryocopus martius
Linnaeus, 1758

that Black woodpecker (Dryocopus martius) is the largest European woodpecker. It is all year round domestic and in suitable habitats pretty often nearly in completely Germany.

Table of contents


the black woodpecker are to differentiate due to its size and its flat black plumage, an impressive feature and easily from other kinds to. However one gets it to see rarely and usually only volatile.
With the male the upper head is remarkably red, the female has only a small red mark at the back of the head. Remarkable are also the yellow eyes and the bright, strong bill. The feet are dark grey colored. Compared with other woodpeckers that fliesBlack woodpecker better and rather gradlinig, however with irregular wing impacts. The black woodpecker is with scarcely 46 cm length and 75 cm wingspan the largest woodpecker of Europe and has about the size of a crow.


the black woodpecker findsitself in central and Northern Europe and in completely Asia south up to the Himalaja. In Western Europe one finds it in the Pyreneeses and in areas of northwest Spain. It is missing in Great Britain. It is a condition bird and lives in large woodlands, lessin well arranged forests. With us it became more rarely and avoids the proximity of human settlements.

food, singing and drums

the food often consist of Rossameisen and its dolls as well as all larvae, which live in the resinous wood.It meisselt, in order to attain these, often large pieces from the trees and sticks. In core-putrid trees one often finds its oblong, deep chopping holes.
Drums is loud and far audible with relatively slow impact sequence. A drum roll lasts abouttwo to three seconds. Its typical flight call is a far audible “prrü prrü prrü”. Its Balzgesang in the spring is a penetrating, full “luck luck luck”.


the most frequent breeding tree is the red beech. The black woodpecker zimmert its caves in addition, in Kiefern, Fichten, Tannen to oder Lärchen. The Bruthöhle is gezimmert together by the male and female, sometimes in considerable height, and is mostly about 40 cm deeply with 15 cm diameters. One works without NIST material. The female puts inApril three to five porcelain-white, about 34 mm long eggs, which are bebrütet by the female as well as by the male. After 12-14 days slip the boys, who remain still further four weeks in the cave.


the black woodpecker is Bird of the yearly 1981.

literature and sources

  • Meyers encyclopedia, 4. Edition of 1888-1890.
  • Peterson, Mountfort, Hollom, „the birds of Europe - a paperback for Ornithologen and nature friends over all birds living in Europe “, Paul PareyPublishing house, 10. Aufl. April 1973, ISBN 3-490-05718x, S. 205
  • Christopher Perrins, „birds, Biologie+Bestimmen+Ökologie “, Paul Parey publishing house, ISBN 3-490-22618-6
  • Peter Hayman & Philip Burton, „large cosmos the bird book - of Europe birds - determining, understanding, contactors “, new PawlakPublishing house, ISBN 3-86146-111-0

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