The Inselgruppe in Great Britain describes Scilly islands of these articles; for the South Seas atoll see Scilly (Polynesien).
Cornwall und die Scilly-Inseln
Cornwall and the Scilly islands

the Scilly islands (official: Isles OF Scilly; Kornisch Ynysek Syllan) in Great Britain; Inhabitant English: Scillonians) consist of approx. 55 largerIslands and more as 90 Inselchen, altogether from more than 140 islands and rock reefs and belong to Cornwall, Great Britain. The largest five are inhabited.

Table of contents

Geography

aerial photo of the Scilly island pc. Martin's

the Inselgruppe is appropriate for approximately 45 km (28 mi (miles); ~25 sm (nautical miles)) southwest from Land's end, to Cornwall, in the Atlantic at the entrance to the English Channel and to the Bristolkanal. The name“Scilly” originates from a contraction from “Sunny Isles”. Because of the gulf stream the islands have very mild, almost subtropical and constant climate with many sun days and a temperature difference between summer and winter means of ~16 °C. Many subtropical trees (z grow.B.Pinien) and other plants (Rhododendron, azaleas etc.) on the islands.

The five inhabited islands are: the Hauptinsel

  • pc. Mary's (6.3 km ²) with Hugh Town as principal place,

and the islands

  • Tresco (2.97 km ²)
  • pc. Martin's with WhiteIceland (2.37 km ²)
  • pc. Agnes with Gugh (1.48 km ²)
  • Bryher with Gweal (1.32 km ²)

in former times inhabits:

  • Samson (0.38 km ²)

today live approximately 2,000 inhabitants on the islands. In earlier centuries the smaller islands were more strongly populated. A further, south of Bryher convenient island, Samson (0.38 km ²), was inhabited since 1669 of a family. 160 years later lived approx. 30 humans there. The last 10 inhabitants were resettled 1855 on other islands. The remainders of the six houses can this very day visitedbecome.

history

the islands to the Steinzeit from Cornwall it was already settled about which about 50 Megalithanlagen (Bant´s Carn, Innisidgen, haven Hellick, Obadiah´s Barrow) and Menhire to witness. They were likewise occupied during the Roman rule over Great Britain.

Starting from the Middle Ages the islands were increasingly fastened, in order to protect both the islands themselves and the mainland lying behind against attacks.

1831 came the islands as Lehen to the duchy Cornwall. In this time they experienced a modest cultural bloom phase,with the building to the monastery plant of Tresco and the mechanism of a public education accompanied.

The Scilly islands were always because of the many cliffs and underwater rock a difficult waters for the navigation and became despite the lighthouses, in 19. Jh. establishedbecame (the lighthouse Bishop skirt is the westernmost in Great Britain), some ship the calamity. Among them one of the largest sailing boats and the world of only Siebenmastschoner was, the Thomas's W. Lawson. It sank after stranding, breakup apart and Kentern inStorm in December 1907 close pc. Annet. Only two men of the crew survived. The ship misfortune caused one of the first oil disasters, because the Schoner drove as sail tanker.

enterprises

developed for economics with the consulting of the industrialization toProcessing of sea-seaweed and shipyards. Due to the mild climate also the flower breed to today an economical role plays, while the industrial companies were replaced in the meantime by the tourism as restaurant economics.


literature

  • Ratcliffe, J. Scilly's Archaeological Heritage

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