Sepp Kerschbaumer

Sepp Kerschbaumer (* 9. November 1913 in Frangart, † 7. December 1964 in Verona) was South Tyrol activist and director/conductor of the release committee South Tyrol (BAS).

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Gedenkstein in Frangart
the board to Gedenkstein
Sepp Kerschbaumer road in Frangart
Sepp Kerschbaumer road in Frangart

Sepp Kerschbaumer is as a son of the buyer Josef (of rides) and the Luise geb. Zelger (from Aldein) in Frangart with Bozenborn and has the father with four years (dolomite front) and with nine years the nut/mother lost.

After its training in the Rainerum Bozen and monastery new pin he completed 1927 the commercial Vorbereitungsschule in Brixen.

1933 it becameMilitary service drawn in.

In the autumn 1934 Kerschbaumer was condemned to two years banishing with Potenza because of participation in a forbidden political meeting. To pardon by Mussolini in the autumn 1935 it returned to South Tyrol.

Afterwards Kerschbaumer became the parental Gemischtwarengeschäft ofhand over to its guardian.

To 29. April 1936 he married Maria Spitaler from Frangart. The pair had six children:

  • Seppl (* 27. April 1937, † 1969)
  • Marialuisa (* 5. March 1939)
  • Mali (* 26. March 1940)
  • Helga (* 25. June1942)
  • Franz (* 1. December 1949)
  • Christl (* 6. January 1957)

In the option (1939) Kerschbaumer decided for Germany and recruited also for this decision, since he wanted to be like many of its compatriots again German/Austrian. But inRun of the time it recognized that from Germany no assistance was to be expected. It became the decided Hitler opponent, who was drawn during the German crew time 1944 to the military service into Bozen.

When after the war the south animal oilers people's party was created, steppedhe it soon and dedicated himself to the local politics. He became local chairman of the party and the local council/parliamentary group chief von Frangart.

When at the beginning of the 1950er arose years however criticism at the too konzilianten attitude of the SVP, awaked also in Keschbaumer the desire,to do more for the homeland.

1957 was replaced the old strategists of the SVP by more consistent persons. As the new chairman Silvius Magnago during a large demonstration in lock victory-mouth-crown (to 17. November 1957) the slogan: Loosely of Trient coined/shaped,participated Kerschbaumer and distributed a not signed handbill, in which he demanded a free South Tyrol.

A little more späeter began it allied around itself to collect and called the new community release committee South Tyrol. The BAS was limited zuächst to thatDistribute from handbills and symbolic actions, like (forbidden) a hanging of the south animal oilers up flag.

Starting from 1960 organized the BAS the first bomb attacks, majority against the will the Kerschbaumers were accomplished.

After the fire eight Kerschbaumer was arrested and not particularly gentlytreated. The order forces did not contribute few by their tortures to the escalation of the events.

At the 16.Juli 1964 Sepp Kerschbaumer was condemned as a leader of the BAS to 15 years and 11 months prison. To 7. It suffered Decembers of the same yearlyin detention a cardiac infarct and died.

Burying became a demonstration: More than 20,000 humans came to the funeral, thus approx. 5% the south animal oiler population.

role of Kerschbaumers in the recent history of South Tyrol

Kerschbaumer has with thatEstablishment of the BAS and its actions of the public shown that many south animal oilers with the situation were dissatisfied. He threw off thereby always dear handbills as bombs and was ensured always around the fact that no humans came to damage.

To the bloody escalationit came only, when the hard core of the BAS arrests or was in the exile and right-wing extremists had discovered circles from the foreign country South Tyrol as ideological battleground. Whether the assassination attempts harmed the negotiations around new autonomy (South Tyrol package)or not, is disputed also among historians. Kerschbaumer maintained however contacts with the Austrian government.

The process against Kerschbaumer and its fellow combatants in Milan, showed however the Italian public that here no monsters or inconsiderate terrorists at the workwere, but men, who made themselves seriously concerns around the future of their homeland.

The fact that Kerschbaumer received nevertheless the maximum penalty planned for such offenses was quite also in its sense, since he stood up to lastly to, which heit had done and was conscious that he had exceeded the borders of the legality for the pursuit of his goals also.


Fontana Josef, Hans Mayr: Sepp Kerschbaumer; A biography, Bozen 2001 (ISBN: 88-7283-142-3)

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