|of these articles treats the city Sevilla. For the province designated after the city see Sevilla (province).|
|geographical situation:|| |
Coordinates: 37° 23 ′ N, 05° 59 ′ W 37° 23 ′ N, 05° 59 ′ W
|surface:||100 km ²|
|height:||12 m and. NN|
|postal zip code:||410 **|
|telephone preselection:||(+34) 95*|
|next airport:||Airport Sevilla|
|homepage of the city Sevilla|
Sevilla is a city in south Spain. It is the capital of the autonomous region Andalusien and the province Sevilla. After the legend the city was created by the Greek hero Herakles. The inhabitants of the city are called Sevillanos.
The city is a industrie and a commercial centre of first rank and an importantTourist center. Sevilla lies to both sides to Guadalquivir, in a far, navigable this way, fruitful and probably-cultivated level. With its numerous towers Sevilla from all sides offers an impressive sight. The actual city takes the right bank of the Guadalquivir and is of thatSuburbs lot Humeros, Cesteria, Baratillo, Carreteria, Resolana with the large hospital La Caridad, San Bernardo, San Roque y la with the hospital de la Sangre surround Calzada and Macarena. From the old Ringmauer, which surrounded the internal city, provided with 66 towers, are onlyRemainders available. On the left bank of the river still the large suburb spreads Triana. Sevilla is the fourth largest city of Spain.
Table of contents
Objects of interest
the old part of town one dominates by a labyrinth of close lanes. As larger, regular places are worth mentioning: the Plaza de San Francisco or the constitution place, that behind the same place put on with buildings of splendour, the Plaza del Duque with beautiful promenade, the Plaza de la Encarnación, the museum squarewith bronze statue Murillos and the Quemadero, where the Autodafés took place. The most animated road is the queue-like wound Calle de Sierpes. Under the houses numerous palace-like is, usually in the old-Roman style builds with beautiful marmorgetäfelten yards; in all other respects the eastern design prevails in the old part of townforwards. To that extent the buildings exhibit nearly constantly flat roofs and are rarely higher thereby than two floors. The suburb Triana is connected since 1852 by an iron bridge with the actual city. Sevilla has numerous public wells, which usually by under the name the Canosde Carmona admitted to be provided, from 410 elbow existing antique aquaduct ( built by Julius Cäsar) with water, and more than 74 churches.
Under the buildings is to be first emphasized: the cathedral Maria de la Sede, the largest gothical cathedral of the world and one the most beautiful gothical churches (1401 - 1519 in the place of a former mosque build), with five ships, numerous, side chapels, wonderful glass painting, decorated with art treasures ( paintings of Murillo, Velazquez, Zurbaran etc.), a giant organ and many tombs of crowned and historical personalities. Besides the Giralda in such a way specified stands, 114 m a high square bell tower with rich ornamentation samples implemented in burned stones and 22 harmoniously tuned bells; together with the orange yard in such a way specified the only leftovers of the former mosque. The Giralda was built for 1196 by Abu Iussuf Iakub at a value of 82 m;further, 32 m the high essay in broken through work 1568 were added .Christoph the Kolumbus'Son created Colegio de San Telmo (formerly naval college, now dwelling of the duke of Montpensier, with many art treasures), the Casa de Pilatos, the Torre del Oro (“gold tower”), an twelve-angular tower at the Guadalquivir (seat the port captain shank); the hospital de la Sangre, with beautiful front, mentioned above,and that of Murillo donated hospital de Caridad decorated with its masterpieces; the Teatro de San Francisco and the erzbischöfliche palace. The bull combat place is an oval Amphitheater, which seizes 18,000 humans, next the Madrider the largest in Spain.
The Ibero American exhibition of 1929 leftthe city above all the again arranged Parque María Luisa with the Plaza de España and the Plaza América.
Sevilla was called in the antiquity Hispalis and as Roman colony Colonia Romulensis. In Sevilla 590 and 619 two councils became (concilia Hispalensia)held. The Arabs conquered the city 712 and made them the capital of a province Išbīliya ( إشبيلية ), from which the name Sevilla is derived. 844 the city was destroyed by the Normannen. After the fall of the Kalifats of Córdoba the Taifendynastie was established in Sevilla the Abbadiden, which led the city into its first gloss period. 1091 came it into the possession of the berberischen Almoraviden, which were replaced 1147 from the Almohaden. To 22. November 1248 became it after FE storage of one month of Ferdinand III. from Kastilien conquers and remainedsince then in the possession of the Christian Spaniards. Their second gloss period falls in 16. and 17. Century, when it was main place of transshipment of the Spanish maritime trade and center of the Spanish art, in particular the painting. But the Gewerbfleiss sank, as with the time approx. 300,000 Mauren into the MuslimAreas to Granada and North Africa emigrated. The important position in the trade with America lost Sevilla by coming up the Cádiz favoured by the Bourbonen. 1729 were locked here a peace and a friendship treaty between Spain, France and England, whatever late Holland joined. Here formeditself to 27. May 1808 the Spanish central junta, itself at the 1. February 1810 after Cádiz withdrew. Also the Cortes fled, when they left 1823 Madrid, here and kidnapped the king from here to Cádiz.
Sevilla generally becomes as cradle of the Flamenco - music designates.
Sevilla possesses two public universities: the University of Sevilla (Universidad de Sevilla), third biggest university of Spain, and the University of Pablo de Olavide.
Sevilla is origin of the Tapas, small specialities, which are mostly eaten before the main meal, like that against noon 12,00 o'clock. They consist mainly of fish and meat specialities. Sweet specialities outSevilla e.g. are. Pestiños, Cortadillos, Tortas de Aceite, Torrijas. Nearly all specialities find their origin in maurischen prescriptions.
the city is surrounded by a motorway circuit, its most important motorways A 49 after Huelva/Portugal and A 4 toward Cádiz and Madridlead. In addition Sevilla has over an airport and the station Santa Justa, which is also an important critical point of the AVE (Spanish express trains) lines of and to Madrid. Otherwise operate many penalty in the suburban traffic (cercanías) and an underground line is since the late70en in the building. After several construction stops it in the next 2 years will probably be posed.
sons and daughters of the city
- Heinrich II. (Kastilien) (1334-1379), illegitimer son of Alfons XI.
- Bartolomé de read Casas (1484-1566), Dominikaner and lawyer in the SpanishColonies in America
- Juan de Saavedra († 1554), Konquistador
- Lope de Rueda (around 1510-1565), poet
- Francisco de Herrera the older one (1576-1656), painter
- Francisco Correa de Arauxo (1584-1654), organist and composer
- Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (1618-1682), baroque painter
- Antonio de Ulloa (1716-1795), scholar and admiral
- Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer (1836-1870), writer
- Antonio Machado (1875-1939), poet
- Vicente Aleixandre (1898-1984), poet and Nobelpreisträger
- Felipe González (* 1942), Spanish Prime Minister
- Vicente Amigo (* 1967), Fleming CO guitarist
- Paz Vega (* 1976), film actress
Web on the left of
Sevilla, cathedral, interior opinion
Sevilla, Plaza deEspaña
Sevilla, city center
Sevilla, material Alcázares
Sevilla, material Alcázares, inner court
Sevilla, Torre del Oro