Seyni Kountché

Seyni Kountché (* 1. July 1931 in Fandou; † 10. November 1987 in Paris) was from 1974 to 1987 a president of the Niger.

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Kountché occurred 1949 the French army and served in the Indochinakrieg, later in the Algeria war. 1957 it became Sergent. After the independence of the Niger from France at the 3. It changed 1961 in its army for August 1960. From 1965 to 1966 it visited an officer school in Paris and became late deputy chief of staff, 1973, now lieutenant colonel, chief of staff of the army.


to 15. April 1974 led Kountché the Militärputsch against the authoritarianly governing president Hamani Diori. The condition was suspended, the parliament was dissolved, all political parties was forbidden and opponents of the old president from the prisons to dismiss and/or. were allowed to return from the exile. It promised to set the economy in motion and the international assistance because of the hunger emergency, which troubled the Niger like the remaining states of the Sahelzone, for distributing fairly.


set foreign policy with regard to foreign policy like its predecessor on good relations with France, besides it strengthened the contacts to the Arab states and also to the People's Republic of China. The relations with Libya was strained because of the alleged support of insurgent Tuareg by Libya, it came several times to engagements at the common border. In the 1980er years it supported Chad in its conflict with Libya. The United States became in its term of office the most important giver country for development assistance, in December 1984 visited it president Ronald Reagan in Washington.

home policy

1976 and 1983 failed attempts it to fall. Starting from 1981 it undertook to give efforts to the country a new condition and to take part civilians in the government. To 24. He appointed January 1983 with Mamane Oumarou civilians the prime minister. Power in the country was however further at the military advice Conseil militaire suprême (CMS), acting since 1974. Kountché, which also the Preusse of Africa was called, belonged to the military dictators of the continent, who were endeavored around a genuine development of their countries, although its successes remained limited.


1986 worsened Kountchés state of health. It died in Paris hospitals at a brain tumor. The CMS intended Colonels Ali Saibou for the successor.


the football stadium the capital Niamey carries in honours the name Général Seyni Kountché for it.


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