Shikoku in Japan
Shikoku in Japan

the island Shikoku (jap. 四国, dt. four countries) is the smallest of the four Hauptinseln of Japan. Them are zirka 18,000 km ² largely and have a total population of approximately 4.5 millions Inhabitant. It is divided in four prefectures: Ehime, Kagawa, Kōchi and Tokushima. The island has the name of four countries due to the fact that it already consisted since the time of the provinces of four provinces, i.e. Awa, Sanuki, Iyo and Tosa. The borders of these old provinces correspondthose of the today's prefectures.


as region consists Shikoku not only of the Shikoku island, but enclosure also still many smaller islands in the Seto Inlandsee. With the Japanese Hauptinsel Honshū is connected it by ferries and since 1988 by the Seto Ohashi bridge.Up to the completion of the bridge Shikoku was very isolated from remaining Japan. The connection by the bridge should make a better economic development possible, which did not adjust itself however until today. Today there are altogether three bridges between Shikoku and Honshū, those the three prefecturesconnect to the Seto Inlandsee with Honshū. The most important cities in Shikoku are Takamatsu, Matsuyama, Tokushima and Kōchi, the capitals of the prefectures. In each prefecture an airport lies, and there are flights to larger cities, as for example Tōkyō or Ōsaka.

Mountains inThe east and the west of the island divide Shikoku into a narrow northern partial region to the Seto Inlandsee and a southern part at the Pacific ocean. Most of the 4.5 million inhabitant live in the north, and all larger cities, up to Kōchi, are there. The mountain Ishisutchi in Ehime is with its height of 1982 m the highest mountain on the island. The industry is developed moderately good and consists partially of the subsequent treatment of ore of the important Kupfermine Besshi. The soil is used very intensively. On far flatAreas particularly in the east of the island one cultivates rice. In the winter the same soil serves for the cultivation of Winterweizen and barley. Generally speaking the north most diverse sorts are cultivated by fruits, like e.g. Zitrusfrüchte, Dattelpflaumen, peaches and Weintrauben.

The larger southern area from Shikoku is hilly and thinly settles. The only substantial flat country is a washed ashore level with Kōchi. The mild climate of the area led to the specialization on the cultivation of vegetable under plastic tarpaulins outside of the season. Rice can be harvested in the southern region Shikokus twice per year. ThosePaper industry has itself the sumptuous forests and the river from water power too uses made.

The pioneer of the ecological agriculture Fukuoka Masanobu and author of the book The One Straw revolution developed its methods on the farm of its parents on Shikoku.


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