Sidonie Gabrielle Colette


Sidonie Gabrielle Claudine Colette (* 28. January 1873 in Saint Sauveur EN Puisaye (Burgund); † 3. August 1954 in Paris) was a French authoress, Kabarettistin and a lady journalist. She was the first woman, who the Académie Goncourt belongedand in France a state funeral got.

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as a youngest daughter of an officer born, lived it a protected childhood and youth in the country in Burgund. 1893 married it with 20 years the writer and music critic Henry Gautier Villars, which introduced her to the Literatenkreise of Paris. Colette was not lucky in this marriage, because the living man Gautier Villars continued his affairs, during her in thatcommon dwelling locked up its youth memories wrote down - which it published first under its name. Only later Colette could publish the well-known Claudine - novels under its alias “Willy” than own books. After the divorce of Gautier Villars (1906) was Colettefreelance as Chansonette, dancer and Kabarettistin in Paris Varietés actively.

Their marriage in the year 1912 with baron Henri de Jouvenel was also in Paris barks Epoque a scandal. Already since 1909 it wrote small narrations, anecdotes and statementsto current events for the magazine LeMartin, whose co-editor was their later married man. An authoress was respectable as Baronin, shocking was leichtgeschürzt the dancer, in erotisch exotic Pantomimen the up GET advice. Their except-conjugal lesbian relationship with Mathilde de was still more scandalousMorny, Marquise de Belbeuf, the daughter of the former Minister of the Interior Charles, Herzog von Morny.

1935 married it in third marriage the dramatist Maurice Goudeket.


Colette understood it above all, in their novels woman shapes psychologically projecting SAMto describe and life near. Their unorthodox life-style settled also in its works, which had mostly love, wrong and “soul fate” to the topic.

In some novels it argued critically with the marriage, which as scandalous are at that time understoodhad. In the two novels “maison de Claudine” it describes Sido” and “La their self-willed nature-loving nut/mother.

Colette ranks 1935 among the most widely read authoresses of France and as a first woman to the Académie Goncourt was taken up, their president it even forsome years became. Besides it was one of few Mrs., those to the French Ehrenlegion was taken up at that time and at all the first woman, who was buried ever in France with a state funeral.


  • the “Claudine” - novels (Claudineà l'Ecole, Claudine à Paris, Claudine EN Ménage and Claudine s'en va) - 1900-1903
  • La Vagabonde (nominating for the Prix Goncourt 1910)
  • Mitsou - 1919 (novel)
  • Chéri - 1920 (novel)
  • La maison de Claudine - 1922
  • Sido - 1929
  • the cat - 1933 (novel)
  • Paris by my window - 1941 (autobiography)
  • Gigi - 1945 (short novel)
  • journal à rebours. Paris: Fayard, 1984 ISBN 2-213-01455-8
  • Claude Pichois (Hrsg.): Œuvres (= collecting works) Bibliothèque de la Pléiade Paris:Gallimard, 19XX ISBN 2-07-011079-6


  • Luise F. Pusch/Susanne Gretter (Hrsg.): Famous women - three hundred of haven advice. 1999. ISBN 3458169490
  • Ralf Nestmeyer: “French poet and their houses”. Island publishing house, Frankfurt/Main 2005. ISBN 3-458-34793-3

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