|of the titles of this article is ambiguous. For further meanings see Siena (term clarifying).|
|geographical location||of 43° 20 ' N 11° 20 ' O|
|height||of 322 m and. NN|
|surface||118 km ²|
|inhabitant||52,775 (ISTAT 2003)|
|population density||447 Einwohner/km ²|
|Postal zip code||53100, 53010|
|ISTAT - code||052032|
|name of the inhabitants||Senesi|
|protection patron||Sant'Ansano, San Bartolomeo, San Crescenzio e San Savino;|
|Website||Comune di Siena|
Siena is the name of a city and an earlier city state in the center of the Italian Toskana and has54,000 inhabitants (conditions: 2004). Admits is the city for the Palio, a horse running, which is delivered at the central place Piazza del Campo.
Siena is considered as one of the most beautiful cities of the Toskana and Italy. Already since more jeher it is in rivalry with Florenz, all the same whether in political, economic or artistic regard. While Florenz as prime example of one Renaissance - city particularly by the almost mass and size of its buildings and works of art impresses, Siena received the medieval character of the particularly Italian gothic.
Table of contents
major items: History Sienas
Siena probably decreases/goes back to a etruskische settlement and became under Roman rule a colony with the name Saena Iulia. Their actual meaning attained the city however only in the Middle Ages. Like other ItalianCities became gradually independent it and had in 12. Century a Konsularregierung.
In the controversy between emperors and papacy Siena stood - contrary to Florenz on ghibellinischer side and received thereby different privileges. However an economic rivalry essentially hid itself between behind this conflictthe two commercial towns. In the battle of Montaperti 1260 the Florentiner was struck. The following years brought however a fall of the Ghibellinen with itself. On the inside it came again and again to political struggles for power, which did not prevent however an economical bloom of the city.
1487 seized Pandolfo Petrucci power and governed the-poetically, even if he did not touch formally the systems of government. Differently than the Medici in a similar way dominant in Florenzit did not succeed to it however to create a dynasty and after its death 1512 the city placed itself soon under the protection of Karl V. The citizens revolted themselves against the increasing tyranny of the Spaniards, but 1555 were taken Siena after long FE storage and twoYears later than Lehen at Cosimo I. de' Medici given, under which it became part of the Grand Duchy of Toskana.
objects of interest
the cathedral from black and white marble, today one of the most important examples of gothical architecture in Italy, developed from a dreischiffigen Roman Basilika. Today the building always presents itselfstill as such, however with gothical increased and in-curved central ship, complicated, mehrschiffigen transverse house and a gothical choir. Roman one remained the irregularly hexagonal dome over the Vierung, which is responsible for many of the irregularities of the building. The building became at the beginning 13. Centurybegun and pulled itself in 14. Century. inside. A last enlargement was begun 1339, but never led because of shortage of money and problems with the statics to end; today are only north side ship and front of the so-called. To see “Duomo Nuovo”, those the greatness of theunfinished plan suggest. The church, which would have further-used the today's cathedral as transverse house, should in the dimensions alto pc. Peter, at that time one of the largest churches of the world, exceed.
The three-axis west front with pointed Dreiecksgiebeln is decorated by a set of columns, statues and insertedMarble. It is to have been begun by Giovanni Pisano, dated however actually after 1370. It was completed 1380 and reminded of the earlier of Orvieto (begun 1310). The Campanile originates from the first half 14. Century and is following pisanisch lombardischeBell towers of the Romanesque arranges. Under the art treasures on the inside the octagonal pulpit of Niccolò Pisano (or Nicola Pisano ) of 1266-1268 is obvious. It rests on columns, which are supported by lions. Numerous statues and Bas reliefs of Renaissance artists zieren the different altars and chapels. ThatFloor mat of the cathedral is almost unique. This concerns artful graphierte marble slabs, as well as around Intarsienarbeiten in color and black-and-white, which represent Biblical topics, in addition, such from legends and legends. The most beautiful work underneath the domes, with scenes from the history of Abraham, Moses and Elija, come from Domenico Beccafumi, which arranged also different scenes. The Chorgestühl is likewise worth mentioning: the older portions (from the original choir) are verziert with Intarsienarbeiten; the others from that 16. Century are after designs of Riccio carved. The choir window (todaythe original is in the cathedral museum) by Duccio di Buoninsegna was sketched. The Piccolomini library, which borders on the cathedral, became of cardinal Francesco Piccolomini (late Pius III.) in honours of its uncle Pius' II.based. Here are Pinturicchios famous Fresken with scenes from thatLife of the later Pope and a collection of choir books (on in accordance with-ice-rarely tables) with painting of Sieneser and other artists.
Into the Bapstisterium San Giovanni, which is furnished in the Substruktionen of the cathedral choir, one steps over an outside escape of marble stairs of 1451. The beautiful,but incomplete front, was sketched by Giovanni di Mino del Pellicciaio 1382. On the inside is a Taufbecken with bronze reliefs of Donatello, Ghiberti, Jacopo della Quercia and other sculptors 15. Century. The Fresken of the Gewölbe led the Sieneser painter Lorenzo Vechietta out.
Museo dell´Opera del Duomo
the Opera del Duomo contains famous Madonna, who were painted 1308-1311 for the cathedral, as well as other works of art, who originate from the context of the cathedral of Duccios beside the window of the cathedral choir also. By the museum one can do thoseFront of the “Duomo Nuovo” enter, which was never completed (s.o.).
Ospedale Santa Maria della Scala
opposite the cathedral is this already briefly after 1000 created Pilgerhospiz, which possess for instance the quadruple construction volume of the cathedral. In the upper floor are different halls andChapels of interest: beside the entrance one looks into the chapel of the SS.Annunziata, in 15. Jh. established and in 18. Jh. by a grandioses Fresko in the Apsis was decorated. To it the so-called close. Sagrestia on, which was painted by Vechietta. Thatlarge hall in the center of the Hospizes is painted completely, most the Fresken comes from Domenico di Bartolo, in addition, Vechietta and Priamo della Quercia implemented individual scenes. Are from high interest the two basements, which possess a excavate-similar character. They are partiallyin different epochs equipped, accommodate today in addition many works of art, among them a large collection antique urns and a Artarretabel of Taddeo di Bartolo.
partnership between cities
environment of Siena
in the closer and further environment of Siena gives it numerous places worth seeing and unmarried objects of interest:
- Torri has a pictorial local picture with a monastery. The Roman cloister of the former Vallombrosanerklosters is still received.
- Basilica dell´Osservanza: large Renaissancekirche with a number of medieval altar works.
- Pieve San Giovanni in Ponte allo Spino: Roman Pieve with rich Kapitellschmuck.
- Abbazia San Galgano: Cistercian abbey early 13. Century, today impressing ruin.
- Eremo di Montesiepi: Roman round church, establishment place of the abbey SanGalgano.
sons and daughters of the city
- Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer and music theoretician
- Alexander III. (Pope), Pope from 1159 to 1181
- Alexander VII., Pope from 1655 to 1667
- Giovanni Dupré, important Italian sculptor 19. Century
- Katharina of Siena, Italian Mystikerin, church teacher and holy
- Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Italian painter
- Simone Martini, Italian painter
- Pietro Andrea Mattioli, Italian physician and Botaniker
- Alessandro Nannini, author driver
- Gianna Nannini, Italian Liedermacherin
- Pius III. (Pope), Pope
- Senesino, Italian Kastrat and successful opera singerin London
- Lelio Sozzini, unitarischer theologian, founder of the Sozinianismus
- Fausto Sozzini, unitarischer theologian
Web on the left of
- Siena Italy Virtual reality movies and photo Gallery (ita/ing)
- IL Campo - „the most beautiful place of the world “
- photo gallery Siena
- digital walk by Siena
coordinates: 43° 20′N, 11° 20 ′ O
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