Simon Sechter

Simon Sechter; Lithographie von Joseph Kriehuber 1840
Simon Sechter; Lithography of Joseph Kriehuber 1840

Simon Sechter (* 11. October 1788 in Friedberg (today Frymburk) with Krumau in Böhmen; † 10. September 1867 in Vienna) was a well-known Austrian music theoretician, music paedagogue, an organist, a conductor and a composer.

He came 1804 to Vienna, in order to study with Antonio Salieri. In the year 1824 he transferred the office of a yard organists from Vořišek. Starting from 1810 it informed piano and singing at a blind school. 1828 it had the already critically ill Franz thrust ore as counterpoint - pupils. 1851 were appointed Sechter the professor for composition at the Viennese conservatoire, where its former pupil, followed it Anton Bruckner, in application of the teaching methods learned with Sechter. Since Sechter spent in its last years more moneys, than he earned, he died with 78 years in large poverty.

Sechter had strict teaching methods. Thus it forbade Anton Bruckner for example writing original compositions while he learned counterpoint with it. The composer and Brucknerkenner Robert Simpson believed that „Sechter did not get unconsciously Bruckners out originality, by suppressing her to it any longer longer went “. Sechter informed Bruckner from 1855 to 1861 by post office and regarded it as its best pupil. With Bruckners study conclusion wrote it dedicated joint to Sechter.

Into the principles of the musical composition, from the years 1853 and 1854, Sechter wrote a work with large influence on many later theoreticians to its three-restrained paper over composition principles. Sechters thoughts are derived from Jean Philippe diatonisch RAM from theory about the general bass (stage theory), always, even if the guidance is high chromatic. Sechter was an advocate of correct Intonation with tendency probably-kept at a moderate temperature of the instruments.

Sechter was also a composer, and he is well-known for it that he wrote more than 8000 works, among them 5000 joints - if was, each day one. Beyond that it composed fairs and Oratorien, however appeared only its organ and pieces of piano, as well as two caper quartets (under it the four tempers, opus 6) in the pressure.


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